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Copy of Vietor Triangle

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dirty dan

on 23 June 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Vietor Triangle

Vietor Triangle
A Vietor Triangle is a schematic representation of vowel sounds, created by Wilhelm Vietor (1850-1918, German philologist and phonetician).It shows the position of the tongue and jaw according the vowel sound(s) required when speaking.
He published many works on language and phonetics, and on teaching language. For example, his book "Elemente der Phonetik des Deutschen, Englischen und Französischen" ~Printed in Leipzig, by O.R.Reisland 1893, covers the elements of German, English and French words and their pronunciation.
Vietor Triangle
Group 4 :)
A vowel diagram or vowel chart is a schematic arrangement of the vowels. Depending on the particular language being discussed, it can take the form of a triangle or a quadrilateral. Vertical position on the diagram denotes the vowel closeness, with close vowels at the top of the diagram, and horizontal position denotes the vowel backness, with front vowels at the left of the diagram. Vowels are unique in that their main features do not contain differences in voicing, manner, or place (articulation). Vowels differ only in the position of the tongue when voiced. The tongue moves either vertically and horizontally within the oral cavity. Vowels are produced with at least a part of their vocal tract obstructed.
The vowel systems of most languages can be represented by vowel diagrams. Usually there is a pattern of even distribution of marks on the chart, a phenomenon that is known as vowel dispersion. For most languages, the vowel system is triangular. Only 10% of languages, including the English language, have a vowel diagram that is quadrilateral. Such diagrams are termed vowel trapezia or vowel quadrilaterals. German phonologists know these as, respectively, a Vokalviereck and a Vokaltrapez
The English Alphabet has 26 letters: 5 vowels and 21 consonants. Each vowel or combination of vowels represents a vowel sound. The vowel sound /o/, for example, may be represented by
o
as in hope,
oa
as in loan
ow
as in grow, or
eau
as in bureau.

A consonant or a combination of consonants, likewise, represents a consonant sound /f/ may be represented by
f
as in fan,
ff
as in cuff,
ph
as in phrase, of
gh
as in cough.

Vowels and consonants of the spelling alphabet, therefore, should be distinguished from vowel sounds and consonants sounds.There are 11 vowel sounds and 24 consonant sounds in english

Diphthong
is a combination of two vowel sounds blended into one syllable.
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