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6.1.2 How Did She Die?
Transcript of 6.1.2 How Did She Die?
By: Bailey Kenyon
Factors Contributing to Death
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Type One Diabetes
Sickle Cell Disease
Disease and Risk Factor-
Type 1 Diabetes
type one diabetes
is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little to no insulin to lower blood glucose levels.
family history- if there is a history of
in the family the chance of a child having it increase.
Medical history- At age 14 on May 14th, Anna began to experience fatigue, frequent urination, and frequent thirst. Glucose was found in her urine which showed that Anna was a
type one diabetic.
Contribution to Death-
increases the chance for high blood pressure and heart problems, both of which can cause a stroke.
Disease and Risk Factors- Heart Disease
Definition- a number of conditions that affect the function of the heart.
genetics- Anna had a family history of heart disease
Diabetes- Anna had type one diabetes
Medical History- At 37, on May 14th, Anna has chest pain and is sent to a cardiologist. It is revealed that Anna comes from a family with a history of hypertension and heart disease. It is stated that Anna takes an aspirin each day.
Contribution to Death:
Anna had left ventricular hypertrophy, which has no direct correlation to a atherosclerosis stroke.
Disease and Risk Factors-
Definition- sickle cell
disease is a hereditary form of anemia in which a mutated form of hemoglobin distorts the red blood cells into a crescent shape.
genes- if both parents are carriers for the sickle cell shape then the child is more likely to have the disease.
Medical History- At 14 months old, Anna was sent to the hospital for running a fever of 101.4F. I seemed as if she was in pain and that she was having trouble breathing. Later on she would be diagnosed with sickle cell
and this was her first crisis.
Contribution to Death-
Sickle cell anemia distorts the shape of red blood cells. RBC's carry hemoglobin, which is a protein that carries oxygen, through the body. The crescent shape of the cells prevents the cells from properly carrying hemoglobin through the body which causes the body to not be properly oxygenated. The brain may not have had enough oxygen getting to it which would have resulted in a stroke.
Impaired/Slurred Speech- speaking may be difficult and speech may be hard to understand
Numbness- someone may begin to feel a numbness or tingle in limbs
Impaired Movement- someone may not be able to move their body as they normally do
Impaired Vision- vision may be blurred if experiencing a stroke
Headache-pain in the head is a common symptom of a stroke
Disease and Risk Factors- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Definition- A UTI is an infection of the urinary system but specifically of the kidneys and bladder
genetics- women are more likely to get a UTI
catheter- the use of a catheter increases the chance of contracting a UTI
Medical History- At 38 years old Anna was diagnosed with a UTI just after a hospital stay. During her stay, due to a sickle cell crisis, Anna had to use a catheter. After her stay she began to have frequent urination and it was concluded that she had a UTI.
Contribution to Death-
The urinary system filters liquid waste from the body and if infected, it cannot properly do this. Anna could have had a buildup of waste that built up in her arteries.
Long Term Prevention
Injection of TPA- an injection which allows for blood in a blocked artery to flow normally again
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)- takes skin graft from a different area of the body to go around an artery blockage
Angioplasty- places a stint in a blocked artery to open it up
Short Term Prevention
Aspirin- used to thin the blood, which prevents a blockage
Diabetes- maintaining a healthy lifestyle by exercising and eating healthy can cause better diabetic levels
Maintaining a healthy blood pressure- hypertension can be avoided if blood pressure is looked after properly.
Definition- occurs as a result of an obstruction in a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain.