Transcript of Architecture In Ancient Greece
"Ancient Greek architects strove for the precision and excellence of workmanship that are the hallmarks of Greek art in general. " Architecture in Ancient Greece Ancient Greek architecture is best known from its temples, which are influenced by and dedicated to their gods. The architects of the Archaic and Classical periods in Greek history used these raw materials to construct five basic types of buildings which are: religious, domestic, civic, recreational and funerary. The Greeks developed architectural systems called orders. These three orders are Doric, Ionic and Corinthian; each architectural order has a distinctive style with characteristic detailing. It is said that the Greeks believes that the Doric and Ionic styles or orders were descended from the Doric and Ionic Greeks of Dark Ages, whereas the Corinthian style was supposed to be later modification of the Ionic order. Introduction Doric Ionic In the Ionic order of architecture, bases support the columns, which have more vertical flutes than those of the Doric order. Ionic capitals have two volutes that rest atop a band of palm-leaf ornaments. The abacus is narrow and the entablature, unlike that of the Doric order, usually consists of three simple horizontal bands. The most important feature of the Ionic order is the frieze, which is usually carved with relief sculpture arranged in a continuous pattern around the building. Ionic columns are more complex and delicate than their brother Doric columns. Featuring taller and thinner shafts than Doric columns, slender and fluted, the Ionic order produces a more feminine aesthetic in comparison to the other orders. Ionic columns also featured something called an entasis, a slight bulging towards the top that makes them look straight from eye level to rectify the narrowing effect of perspective. Friezes were plain, and the tops, or capitals, were shaped like scrolls. Ionic architecture is less straight and stout than Doric, with more room for curved lines and softness. Typically, Ionic buildings have slanted roofs as well. The Ionic order was most common in eastern Greece and the coastal islands. The Parthenon is a temple of the doric order As well as the Lord Hills Column Doric In Doric architecture, the columns are fluted and have no base. The capitals are composed of two parts consisting of a flat slab, the abacus, and a cushion-like slab known as the echinus. On the capital rests the entablature, which is made up of three parts: the architrave, the frieze, and the cornice. The architrave is typically undecorated except for a narrow band to which are attached pegs, known as guttae. On the frieze are alternating series of triglyphs (three bars) and metopes, stone slabs frequently decorated with relief sculpture. The pediment, the triangular space enclosed by the gables at either end of the building, was often adorned with sculpture, early on in relief and later in the round. Among the best-preserved examples of Archaic Doric architecture are the temple of Apollo at Corinth, built in the second quarter of the sixth century B.C., and the temple of Aphaia at Aegina, built around 500–480 B.C. The Erectheum Temple of Apollo Didyma Temple of Athena Nike Corinthian architecture is the most decorative of the orders, Corinthian columns also use entasis to make them appear straight to the eye, the shafts are fluted and the roofs of Corinthian-style buildings are flat. The capital, of the top of the column is notoriously decorative. The Corinthian order is the least common in Greece, found more often in Roman temples. Corinthian Temple of Apollo Epicurius Temple of the Olympian Zeus Monument of Lysicrates Modern U.S Architedcuture & Ancient Greek Architecture The U.S Capitol Ancient Greek architecture is different from modern architecture. While the ancient Greeks had three different classification systems for each architectural style, modern U.S architecture is general. Some of the modern architecture seen in the U.S today are influenced by Greek architecture. The U.S Capitol is an example of modern U.S architecture influenced by Ancient Greek architecture. Many of the buildings in Ancient Greece were used as temples and sanctuaries. One thing that differentiates modern U.S architecture from Ancient Greek Architecture is their foundation. Ancient Greek architecture was sturdy and built to last while modern U.s architecture is falling apart at the seams. Our buildings fall apart after a few years a wear without constant vigilance and Ancient Greek Architecture lasted many years before it began to crumble. U.s architecture influenced by ancient greek architecture The Salk Institute for Biological Studies "Greek Architecture." -A Guide to the Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian Orders. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.foundationhellenicculture.com/architecture>.Full transcript
"Doric." Classical Orders of Architecture. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.cmhpf.org/kids/dictionary/classicalorders.html>.
"Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Architecture in Ancient Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2012. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grarc/hd_grarc.htm>. Bibliography ^_^ The End