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Comparing Margaret Newman and Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's theories

Health as Expanding Consciousness Nursing Theory

Amarachi Nwachukwu

on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of Comparing Margaret Newman and Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's theories

Comparing Margaret Newman's Health as Expanding Consciousness theory and Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's Human Becoming theory
The Theories
General overview
The theory of health as expanding consciousness asserts that every person in every situation, no matter how disordered and hopeless it may seem, is part of the universal process of pattern recognition.
The theories, together, include the concepts of:

Newman and Parse were inspired by Martha Rogers' theory of Science of Unitary Human Beings.

Both theories offer a holistic view of health.

Humans are viewed as unitary beings whose optimal health depends on equilibrium of body, mind and spirit.

The environment also plays a role in determining patient care outcomes.
Can be applied to a multitude of situations: education, research, practice

Generates caring interventions
Alligood, M. R. (Ed.). (2013). Nursing theorists and their work. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Brown, J. (2011). Health as Expanding Consciousness: A Nursing Perspective for Grounded
Theory Research. Nursing Science Quarterly, 24(3), 197-201. doi:10.1177/0894318411409428.

Jones, D. A. (2006). Newman’s Health as Expanding Consciousness. Nursing Science
Quarterly, 19(4), 330-331. doi:10.1177/0894318406293136.

Kazdin, A. E. (2008). Evidence-based treatment and practice: new opportunities to bridge
clinical research and practice, enhance the knowledge base, and improve patient care. American Psychologist, 63(3), 146.

Newman, M. A. (1999). Health as expanding consciousness. iUniverse.

Parse, R. R. (2007). The human becoming school of thought in 2050. Nursing Science
Quarterly, 20(4), 308-311.

Parse, R. R. (2011). Margaret A. Newman’s Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness.
Nursing Science Quarterly, 24(3), 193-194. doi:10.1177/0894318411409437.

The Nursing Theory Website. (2013). Human Becoming Theory. Retrieved February 6,
2014, from The Nursing Theory Website: http://nursing-theory.org/theories-and-models/parse-human-becoming-theory.php
They are universal, and can be used to focus on different cultures and spectrums of nursing care situations (Alligood, 2013).

Nursing Research
Nursing Education
Nurses use evidence-based practice as a guide in their clinical practice.

EBP is increasingly becoming a tool used in nursing to restore patients' health.

Nurses take advantage of advances in therapeutic care for the betterment of their patients.

Margaret Newman was born on October 10, 1933 in Memphis Tennessee.

In 1954 She earned her first Bachelors degree in Home Economics and English from Baylor University in Waco, Texas

Margaret Newman felt a call to nursing for a number of years prior to her decision to enter the field.

During that time she became the primary caregiver for her mother, who became ill with ALS.

Upon entering nursing at the University of Tennessee, Memphis, Dr. Newman knew almost immediately that nursing was right for her

*Margaret Newman was born on October 10,
in Memphis Tennessee.

*She earned her first Bachelors degree in Home Economics and English from Baylor University in Waco, Texas in

*She felt a call to nursing for a number of years prior to her decision to enter the field
- first Bachelor’s degree in Home Economics and English from Baylor University in Waco, Texas

- Bachelor’s degree in Nursing from the University of Tennessee, Memphis

- Masters Degree of Medical-Surgical Nursing and Teaching at the University of California in San Francisco

- Doctorate of Nursing Science and Rehabilitation at New York University
1971 to 1976
- Worked and taught alongside nursing theorist Martha Rogers at New York University

- Professor in charge of graduate study in nursing at Pennsylvania State

- Nurse theorist at the University of Minnesota

- Retired from teaching
Fellow and recipient of the Living Legend Award in the American Academy of Nursing

Honored by the University of Minnesota with the E. Louise Grant Award for Nursing Excellence

Founders Award in
for Nursing Excellence in Nursing Research from Sigma Theta Tau International, and the Zeta Chapter of the same organization created a Margaret Newman Scholar Award to fund doctoral students who research Newman's theory

named in Who's Who in American Women and was included in the Who's Who in America in
Patient care
Newman and Parse's theories guide nurses in their practice to focus on:
quality of care
nurse-client relationships
pattern recognizing presence
According to Newman's theory, nursing education should rotate around patterns as a concept, substance, process and method (Newman, 1999).
by Chima Nnoruka, Amarachi Nwachukwu, Ifeoma Nweke, Ifeoma Obah, Amechi Obodoagha

Honors and Awards
Rosemarie Rizzo Parse was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in

She was the youngest of three girls

Youngest person in the United States to receive a Masters of Science in Nursing degree
Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

MSN and Doctorate degrees from the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Faculty member - University of Pittsburgh

Dean, School of Nursing - Duquesne University

Professor and Coordinator of Nursing Research - Hunter College of the City University of New York
1983 to 1993

Professor and Niehoff chair - Loyola University, Chicago
1993 to 2006

Founder and Editor - Nursing Science Quarterly

President - Discovery International, Inc.
Honors and Awards
Lifetime Achievement Awards

Scholarship in her name at Henderson State University School of Nursing

Honored by Society of Rogerian Scholars with the Martha E. Rogers Golden Slinky Award

New York Times Nurse Educator of the Year Award -
Thank you!!!
Enjoy the following clip
Songbirds (from left to right) - Chima Nnoruka, Amechi Obodoagha, Ifeoma Obah, Ifeoma Nweke
Compilation and Editing - Amarachi Nwachukwu
Health Disparities
Vague and abstract

Ambiguous definitions

Music - "We Are The World" Michael Jackson and various artists
The theory of human becoming emphasizes that humans should be able to choose and bear the responsibility for their patterns of health.

*During that time she became the primary caregiver for her mother, who was diagnosed with ALS

*Upon entering nursing at the University of Tennessee, Memphis, Dr. Newman knew almost immediately that nursing was right for her
Has published nine books and hundreds of articles about her theory

Founder and current editor of Nursing Science Quarterly
A process of becoming more of oneself, of finding greater meaning in life, and of reaching new dimensions of connectedness with other people and the world.
It is Parse's belief that people who are ill basically determine their own faith and become what they have scripted for themselves.
Emphasis is laid on the importance of nurse-patient interactions.

Most nurses already follow some aspects of these

Many nurse educators embody the concept of patterns in their curriculum
Parse's theory is used in many school of thoughts and nursing courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels (Parse, 2007).

It provides an evolving guide for nurses which are applied in caring for and teaching their clients.
Research is used as a breakthrough to learning what motivates patients, thus leading them to better health (Kazdin, 2008).
Nursing involves a collaborative effort between nurse and client, where both develop a deep sense of consciousness in understanding patterns of health and disease.

According to Newman, understanding that disease is a manifestation of person-environment pattern and that our interaction with our environment influences our state of health is very important.
Parse’s theory asserts that quality of life is seen only through a person’s own perspective (The Nursing Theory Website, 2013).

She suggests that patients’ should be active participants in planning their care which should address all their physical, emotional, spiritual and psychological needs.
Disease + Non-disease = Health (Life pattern) = Patterns of wholeness + Patterns of disruption

Patterns of disruption = crisis / illness / change => expansion of conciousness

Praxis = recognition of their patterns + transforming their patterns -> expansion of consciousness
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