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Comparing an Animal Cell to a Hospital
Transcript of Comparing an Animal Cell to a Hospital
The nucleus of an animal cell can be compared to the hospital administrator. The nucleus' job is to control the cell and tell the parts of the cell what to do. A hospital administrator has the responsibility of making sure everything is running smoothly and everyone in the hospital is doing their job.
The cell membrane controls what enters and exits the cell and that's exactly what the doors of the building do for the hospital.
The Golgi body's job is to package things for storage or for transport outside the cell. This is like the pharmacy inside the hospital. The pharmacy is the place where medicine and things are packaged to be taken outside the hospital by patients or other customers.
The cytoplasm is just the gel-like substance that holds all the organelles. The entire space inside the hospital building can be compared to the cytoplasm because it holds all the parts of the hospital.
Comparing an Animal Cell to a hospital
Mitochondria can be compared to the electricity that runs throughout the hospital. A hospital depends on electricity to function. Without the energy from electricity, the hospital wouldn't be able to function properly and cater to patients' needs. Mitochondria is called the "power plant" of the cell and makes energy that is convenient for the cell to use.
Lysosomes have the job of digesting food, unwanted molecules, old organelles, cells, bacteria, etc. They basically clean up the cell, which is why they can be compared to janitors who clean up the hospital and maintain the building.
The cytoskeleton helps the cell maintain its shape. The walls of a hospital helps to keep structure and supports the building.
Vacuoles in animal cells are small, but they store things such as water, salts, proteins, carbohydrates and wastes. Any storage spaces in hospitals such as closets, storage rooms, or cabinets that can hold food, medicine, etc can be compared to vacuoles.
The ribosomes are like nurses because ribosomes are found throughout the cytoplasm of the cell and on the endoplasmic reticulum. Their job is to produce proteins by following instructions from the nucleus. Nurses follow instructions from doctors and the hospital administrator to do their job to care for patients.
The endoplasmic reticulum is like the hallways inside the hospital building. The ER transports things to the Golgi body and has ribosomes attached to the Rough ER. Obviously hallways allow people to go from place to place and nurses are always walking through hallways trying to get to where they need to go as quickly as possible.
The DNA is like the hospital records. The DNA has all the information of the cell and the hospital records have all the information of patients in the hospital.