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Chapter 4: The Slave Experience
Transcript of Chapter 4: The Slave Experience
Institution of Slavery
Slavery is basically a system of political economy in which the production process is carried out by slaves, human beings owned as property by other human beings. Slaves work under direct coercion, and the product of their labor is owned entirely by their owner.
House slaves vs. field slaves
Light-skinned slaves vs. dark-skinned slaves
Religion and Slavery
African American social life developed around the church-- family, community, education, values, behaviors, political involvement, etc.
Mechanisms Strengthening Slavery
Chattel slavery in the U.S. in three stages:
1) Upper colonies (New England, New York) vs. lower colonies (SC, VA)
2) Shift from the southeastern region-- where slaves produced rice, indigo, and tobacco-- to Miss. Delta, Mississippi, central Alabama and southeastern GA where cotton was grown.
3) Cotton becomes King (19th century)-- the need for slave labor causes geographical redistribution. Slaves are sold from the upper south (VA, MD, SC) to Mississippi/LA and cotton plantations in the lower South.
Rural vs. Urban Slavery
dominant influences of plantation owners
northern industrial economy
capitalist powers in England
stat and local govt. as well as Congress was dominated by slave owners
slavery protected by political and economic organization of power
Mechanisms Weakening Slavery
1. What were the main features of the political economy of slavery in the United States during the early 19th century?
2. What experiences did slaves have, based upon different occupations within the plantation system? Of what significance were these differences in influencing or shaping the capacity of Blacks to resist and to struggle to abolish slavery?
3. Compare the factors that tended to strengthen slavery with those that weakened it.
DEFINITION of 'Political Economy'
The study and use of how economic theory and methods influences political ideology. Political economy is the interplay between economics, law and politics, and how institutions develop in different social and economic systems, such as capitalism, socialism and communism. Political economy analyzes how public policy is created and implemented.
How might life and labor be different for urban slaves than for rural slaves?
Social Organization, cont.
House Slave vs. Field Slave
What are some of the stereotypes about house and field slaves?
Did one really have it worse than the other?
Light Skin vs. Dark Skin
Social Organization, Cont.
Did light skinned slaves enjoy greater privileges because they were light?
Runaway Slave Ads