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Logical Fallacies in The Crucible

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on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Logical Fallacies in The Crucible

Assuming that B comes after A or, A caused B.
The arguer claims that a sort of chain reaction, usually ending in some dire consequence, will take place, but there is really not enough evidence for that assumption.
Slippery Slope
Logical Fallacies:
In The Crucible
Act I:
"There is either obedience or the church will burn like Hell is burning!"
In The Crucible
Act II:
Proctor: I have no love for Mr. Parris. It is no secret. But God I surely love.
Cheever: He plow on Sunday, sir.
Danforth: Plow on Sunday!
Cheever: I think it be evidence, John. I am an official of the court, I cannot keep it.
Post Hoc
Straw Man
In The Crucible
Act I:
"I know it! Goody Osburn were midwife to me three times.
I begged you Thomas, did i not? I begged him not to call
Osburn because I feared her. My babies always shriveled
in her hands!"
Hasty Generalization
Making assumptions about a whole group or range of cases based on a sample that is inadequate.
Appeal to Fear
The Crucible
Presented by: Victoria Soriano
Explanation:
Act III:
PROCTOR:...Now remember what the angel Raphael said to the boy Tobias. Remember it.
MARY WARREN, hardly audible: Aye.
PROCTOR: "Do that which is good, and no harm shall come to thee."
Explanation:
Explanation:
Explanation:
In this commercial Harry Styles and Drew Brees face off to see who should get the last Pepsi. They attempt to support their arguments by "one-upping" the other person's statement such as showing off their accomplishments.
Ernie assumes that there are no alligators because he kept a banana in his ear. Keeping a banana in his ear kept the alligators away.
Saying that all cops eat donuts and are fat is fallacious, because not every single cop isn't a fat donut eater.
Example
Example
Example
Example
Who: Cheever
Who: Mrs. Putnam
Mrs. Putnam is backing up Tituba's accusation
of Goody Osburn. Mrs. Putnam says that Goody
Osburn is the cause of the death of her babies,
because they shriveled everytime she held them. This is fallacious because other factors such as sickness could have been the cause of death.

Who: Reverend Parris
Parris comes to this obsurd conclusion that
the church will burn like Hell without him
and his authoriative power. His assumption
doesn't hold any solid evidence of this happening.
Who: Proctor
Proctor is pressuring Mary to tell the truth by
telling her that she will not be punished if she stays
true. This is fallacious because it is possible that
harm can come to anyone no matter how moral
they are.
The arguer sets up a wimpy version of the opponent's position and tries to score a point by knocking it down.
When the arguer attempts to create support for an idea by using deception to increase fear upon another individual or group.
In The Crucible
Example
Red Herring
Partway through the argument, the arguer goes off on a tangent, raising a side issue that distracts the audience from what's really at stake.
Who: Abigail
Explanation:
In The Crucible
Act III
"Danforth:...Is it possible child that the spirits you have seen are illusion only, some deception that may cross your mind when--
Abigail: Why, this-- this-- is a base question...I have been hurt, Mr. Danforth; I have seen my blood runnin' out! I have been near to murdered every day because I done my duty pointing out the Devil's people-- and this is my reward? To be mistrusted, denied, questioned like a--"
Danforth asks if the spirits were an illusion. Abigail trys to avoid the question by arguing that she doesn't deserve to be asked a base question after what she has been through. She is making others pity her.
Proctor claims that he doesn't love Parris but God. Cheever attempts to make his argument stronger by stating that Parris doesn't go to church on Sunday. He brings up an issue that will make Proctor look bad so he can refute Proctor's.
This commercial persuades people not to smoke by making them afraid that they will end up like the lady in the video who has a whole in her neck. It makes their audience believe that they will receive the same consequences as the woman, though logically we know that not everyone will end up like her.
Example
A student says to a teacher, " I know I made a mistake. But, think my parents. They're going to kill me!"
The student distacts the teacher by telling the teacher to consider the punishment she will get from her parents instead of the mistake she made.
This commercial begins by saying that when you are put on hold you get angry. It concludes with the actor ending in a roadside ditch.
In The Crucible
Act 1:
Abigail: I want to open myself!...I want the sweet light of God...I saw Sarah Good...Goody Osburn...Bridget Bishop with the Devil!
Betty: I saw George Jacobs with the Devil!
Explanation
Who: The Adults
The adults assume that because Abigail confessed, they can trust her. Therefore they believe that the persons she accused must be guilty for being with the Devil.
Full transcript