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Holocaust: Concentration Camps 1941.
Transcript of Holocaust: Concentration Camps 1941.
First there were 3 different types of camps!
Concentraion, Labor, and Extermination camps.
In these camps horrible tortures occured. People who were captured were sent to these "camps" where they would undress and endure cold temperatures without any clothes (For hours on end at a time, they could not move or they would get shot!) Rations of food were in short supply: enough was given so the captives could not die. Who was held in the camps? French, Polish, Germans, gypsys, homosexuals, Jews, anti nazi parties, children, elderly, women, criminals (aka Kapos.) and Sick/Disabelled. How many peole were in the camps? The camps can hold up to 3.5 million people (1933 - 1945.) Approximatly 77, 000 Germans were executed. This number was exceeded greatly by even more thousands! As the earlier camps were then used for prisoners, or slaves later on. Color co-ordination!
Colored overalls held certain patterns that would indicate what/ who they were.
Red triangles for communists, and political prisoners.
Green triangles for common criminal.
Pink for homosexual males.
Purple for jehovah's witnesses.
Black for gypseys, and asocials.
And Yellow for Jews. By: Atley, Lindsay, Matthew, and Resa. Torture At Concentration Camps.. The prisoners had no hope at the camps. There was no escape; the entire camp was surronded by electrical fences, and shot towers, and rabbid dogs. The people were starved, but not to death, so they could still work. Even the sick worked, for 12 hours at a time. Types of torture, endured at the camps had varried depending on the matrons, SS, interness, or Kapos. Some of the gaurds would take girls, and women (sick, young, and elderly.) would rape them until they were half dead, than throw them into the incinirator. Even half alive people were thrown into the incinirator (this included babies, sick, elderly, and sometimes little kids that were fine just for fun.) Vivisection: Practice of performing operations on live animals for scientific research.
Random beatings occureded every day. Gaurds would hit, punch, kick, drown, push, or cut prisoners for no reasons, for fun sometimes. (Usually if the prisoner slowed down during work etc.)
Amputations took place at the camps, while the chosen victim was still alive. The "patient" recived no medicine to numb the pain. Quotes:
"I had to bandage the wounds caused mainly by beatings." (90 - Tyl, Joseph[Professor, Catholic preist])
"The stomach of one corpse was particularly charcteristic. It was grossly protracted, its lining smooth as glass as a result of watered down food." (90 - Tyl, Joseph[Professor, Catholic preist]) Quotes Con't:
"If a babt was born dead, the mother would eventually be returned to the camp where, like other inmates, whether or not she got sent to the ovens was a matter of pure chane. If, on the other hand, the baby lived, then the two would be sent to the ovens together." (123 - Reverend Father Geddes.) Quotes 3:
"It is important to understand what I am saying: The gueina pigs were human beings, and destructive materials were tried out on them-a new gas, maybe or a flammable liquid-as well as cures in the form of vaccinations or antivirus serums. (69 - Negre, Maurice) Quotes 4:
"In one car there were horrifying cases of mass insanity un which the prisoners killed each other with excessive brutality." (92 - Vigouroux, Georges [baliff])
I saw one SS gaurd grab a child by the feet and throw it into the air while a cohort fired his pistol at this living target. Another SS gaurd yanked a baby from its mother's arms and tore it apart by putting his foot on one leg and pulling on the other.' (23 - Feigelson, Raphael.) Millions of innocent people lost their lives in concentration camps due to the systematic Nazi murders by means of gassing, shooting, and torture of any kind. They did things like sewing different body parts onto other people, operations without anesthetic, and taking out internal organs such as liver and intestines. Firing squads were used to gun down many people at a time and then dumped the people into heaps. Some were told they were being taken to a shower and it was actually a gas chamber. The soap in these 'showers' were made out of Jewish bodies. (fat). Many starved to death. How many people died?
•Jews- 5.9 million
•Soviet POW's- 3.3 million
•Non-Jewish Poles- 1.8-2 million
•Romanis ('gypsies')- 220,000- 270,000 (but even the higher figure may be too low)
•Disabled- 200,000 - 250,000
•Homosexuals- 5,000 - 15,000
•Jehovahs Witnesses- 2,500 - 5,000 Food:
The prisoners who did not die immediatly they would starve to death instead. A daily rationn was made of a black peice of bread, as thick as your thumb. Some margerin the size of three sticks of chewing gum. Small cups of "somethings" that was considered to be "soup." If they were lucky they received dirty water to drink as well. Once a day they received food. In order to RETRIEVE fodd the prisoners had to either crawl or run, while being beaten by gaurds. More Torture!!! Generals at large:
Theodore Eicke at Dachau.
Christian Wirth at Belzec.
Majdanek at 5 commandants for over three years.
Rudolpf Hess at Aushwitz.
Wilhelm Koppe at Chelmo.
Irmfried Eberl. at Trablinka. "Medical treatments" Jospeh Mengele The cruelest experiments of Mengele were the ones carried out on twin inmates. Mengele isolated all twins from other inmates and conducted tests on them to observe the influence of genetic factors. However, his methods were incredibly cruel. By injecting their blood to one another, he traced the reactions of the twins; in most cases one of the twins or in some cases both of them, suffered severe pain and high fever. For instance, to see whether eye-colour could change by genetic factors, he injected ink to their eyes. These experiments resulted in unbearable pain and often in blindness. He injected microbes of various diseases to little children to measure their resistance to them. Many innocent children suffered great pain and torture in the hands of this Nazi monster, became disabled or lost their lives.
Mengele is known to have carried out anesthesia-free operations on inmates; he amputated their legs, arms or even stomachs without anesthesia Estimated table twins, joined at the hip. Country
Germany & Austria
Bohemia & Moravia
5,933,900 Percent killed
67 Pop. pre-war Pop. died Experiments. References........... When the prisoners got to old or sick to work they burned their bodies in an oven after being knocked out in a gas chamber. The guards enjoyed making their lives mean even less than they had to begin with at the camps. There was little to no care provided for the prisoners. They were stripped and checked for illnesses regularly. They were shot if they became ill If the prisoners were lucky they just simply died in a ditch. The not so lucky ill ridden prisoners were thrown into the incinerator, or shot. Between 1939 and 1945, at least seventy medical research projects involving cruel and often lethal experimentation on human subjects were conducted in Nazi concentration camps. research was aimed at: improving the survival and rescue of German troops; testing of medical procedures and pharmaceuticals; and experiments that sought to confirm Nazi racial ideology. Dr. Herta Oberheuser killed children with oil and evipan injections, then removed their limbs and vital organs. The time from the injection to death was between three and five minutes, with the person being fully conscious until the last moment. During the Holocaust she made some of the most gruesome and painful medical experiments, focused on deliberately inflicting wounds on the subjects. In order to simulate the combat wounds of German soldiers fighting in the war, Herta Oberheuser rubbed foreign objects, such as wood, rusty nails, slivers of glass, dirt or sawdust into the wounds. Freezing Experiments
to investigate the most effective means of treating persons who had been severely chilled or frozen. The victims were forced to remain in a tank of ice water for up to 3 hours. Extreme rigor developed in a short time. Numerous victims died in the course of these experiments. After the survivors were severely chilled, rewarming was attempted by various means. In another series of experiments, the victims were kept naked outdoors for many hours at temperatures below freezing. The victims screamed with pain as their bodies froze. They did things like sewing different body parts onto other people, operations without anesthetic, and taking out internal organs such as liver and intestines. Jews were forced to put their hands in boiling water until their skin and fingernails fell off. Holes would be burned into prisoner's feet and then they would be forced to walk on salt. Their teeth were pulled and their ears were cut and twisted off Google
Book: INside the concentration camps, eyewitness accounts of life in Hitler's death camps. translated by Thomas Whissen.
The days of change, the HOlocaust, Valerie Bodden. "On april 10, 3,000 patients of all nationalities arrived at the camp from Lublin. The treatment in the sick bay, the hygiene, and the disciplining (at roll call they had to remain lying in filth) had got so much worse that two months later scarcely a third of them were still alive." (102,Aushwitz report.) Slave labour: The prisoners had to work for 12-18 hours straight at a time, with little to no nourishment. If the prisoners were to sick to work they were shot dead. Jigsaws were used to cut people in half while they were still alive, and for fun! ROLL CALL! They did anything and everything they were told to do, from digging graves to collecting dead bodies to be burnt they worked at building the camp: leveling the ground, erecting new blocks and buildings, laying roads, and digging drainage ditches. A few very unlucky prisoners had to run with a 100 puonds of cement on their backs, and come back to fetch another 100 pound bag of cement. They ran with no real destination. While other prisoners had to sing to "lift" their spirits. (If you did not sing you were severly beaten. Even to death.) Work would sometimes start at 3 in the morning, until 1 in the morning the next day. Whether it rained, or snowed, or stormed - in fog or in sunshine - all prisoners had to show for roll call. Prisoners had to stand outside in the freezing temperatures naked for anywhere from 4 hours to 2 days. Even if you were dead, you still had to show up for roll call. Quotes 5:
Three times I had to prop up dead bodies at roll call. Finally I told an SS guard that this didn't make sense. His answer was 'dead or alive, everybody has to be there.' then he added 'roll call is roll call." (54- Dr. LeLoir.) Some would die during roll call, while others were killed during roll call (for the slighest twitch.) Some people were injected with "drugs" which were meant to "cure" the prisoner. (The drugs were an assortment of different poisons, and extracted blood from other people, and much more. Which were then given to the prisoners.) Once the chamber was full, the doors were screwed shut and solid pellets of Zyklon-B were dropped into the chambers through vents in the side walls, releasing toxic HCN, or hydrogen cyanide. When they were removed, if the chamber had been very congested, as they often were, the victims were found half-squatting, their skin colored pink with red and green spots, some foaming at the mouth or bleeding from the ears. "unmittelbar getötet" ("killed outright") Sea-water Experiments
to study various methods of making sea water drinkable. The victims were deprived of all food and given only chemically processed sea water. Such experiments caused great pain and suffering and resulted in serious bodily injury to the victims. Malaria Experiments
to investigate immunization for and treatment of malaria. The victims were infected by mosquitoes or by injections of extracts of the mucous glands of mosquitoes. After having contracted malaria the victims were treated with various drugs to test their relative efficacy. Over 1,000 victims were used in these experiments. Many died and others suffered severe pain and permanent disability. Mustard Gas Experiments
to investigate the most effective treatment of wounds caused by Mustard gas. Wounds deliberately inflicted on the victims were infected with Mustard gas. Some of the victims died as a result of these experiments and others suffered intense pain and injury. Sulfanilamide Experiments
to investigate the effectiveness of sulfanilamide. Wounds deliberately inflicted on the victims were infected with bacteria such as streptococcus, gas gangrene, and tetanus. Circulation of blood was interrupted by tying off blood vessels at both ends of the wound to create a condition similar to that of a battlefield wound. Infection was aggravated by forcing wood shavings and ground glass into the wounds. The infection was treated with sulfanilamide and other drugs to determine their effectiveness. Many victims died as a result of these experiments and others suffered serious injury and intense agony. Spotted Fever (Typhus) Experiments
to investigate the effectiveness of spotted fever and other vaccines. Numerous victims were deliberately infected with spotted fever virus in order to keep the virus alive - over 90 percent of the victims died as a result. Experiments with Poison
to investigate the effect of various poisons upon human beings. The poisons were secretly administered to the victims in their food. The victims died as a result of the poison or were killed immediately in order to permit autopsies. In or about September 1944 the victims were shot with poison bullets and suffered torture and death.