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Paragraph Writing

E9
by

Lisa Nuku

on 1 September 2015

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Transcript of Paragraph Writing

Paragraph
Writing

Putting it together
The first sentence of any paragraph should ALWAYS introduce the subject. It should be specific and clear enough for your reader to understand what the paragraph will be about. This is known as the topic sentence.
The body of your paragraph includes several sentences that SUPPORT or EXPLAIN the topic sentence in more detail. They could be facts or examples. For shorter paragraphs, you may have 5-7 supporting sentences.
The final sentence of your paragraph restates your topic sentence using DIFFERENT words. It also reinforces your opinion and the points that you made in your body.
The Beginning - Topic Sentence
The Middle - Supporting Sentences
The End - Concluding Sentence
Before You Begin
Each sentence should contain a subject and a verb. If it doesn't, it's NOT a sentence. Ex. Frank ate some cookies.
Frank = subject, ate = verb

Make sure you understand the topic and how you are being asked to respond. Make sure you've brainstormed and organized your ideas before starting.
Basic Paragraph Structure
Each paragraph contains 3 parts:
The beginning - topic sentence(s)
The middle - supporting sentences based on organized main points (including evidence and explanation, as well as necessary transitions); repeat this process as necessary
The end - clincher
Strong Topic Sentences
Students require more recreational time in order to better focus on lessons in class.
The verb "require" shows that the author is clear on their point of view
A weaker example would be: I think that students...
There are many activities people can do during the summer in Ottawa.
"Many activities" indicates to the reader that the author will be explaining these activities in detail in the rest of the paragraph.
It is appropriately specific because the author has included "summer in Ottawa".
Weak Topic Sentences
Students need time to relax. --
TOO general
My hometown of Ottawa is famous because it is the capital city of Canada and it is home to Parliament. --
TOO much detail (These details should be included in the body of your paragraph instead.)
Strong Supporting Sentences
In fact, studies have shown that students who enjoy a recess of more than 45 minutes consistently score better on tests immediately following the recess period. Clinical analysis further suggests that physical exercise greatly improves the ability to focus on academic materials. Longer periods of recess are clearly required to allow students the best possible chances of success in their studies.
One thing people can do is bike ride along the Ottawa river. Taking a boat tour of Ottawa is another activity in which individuals can participate. Each tour is about one hour and can be very informational. Another unique opportunity available only in Ottawa is to walk along the ByWard Market, which is filled with boutiques, museums, cafes and specialty shops. This is a fantastic place where visitors can purchase unique and memorable souvenirs.
Strong Concluding Sentence
Physical exercise is one of the most important and necessary ingredients for improving student scores on standardized tests.
Clearly, living in Ottawa during the summer-time can be enjoyable with all the activities that are available.
Both these sentences SUMMARIZE what the topic of the paragraph was with a different and more conclusive approach from the topic sentence.
topic sentence(s)
(specific idea)
point 1
evidence
(specific example)
explanation
(your own words)
internal transition
repeat as necessary
point 2
evidence
(specific example)
explanation
(your own words)
repeat as necessary
clincher
(conclusive statement[s] wrapping up your topic)
Students require more recreational time in order to better focus on lessons in class. In fact, studies have shown that students who enjoy a recess of more than 45 minutes consistently score better on tests immediately following the recess period. Clinical analysis further suggests that physical exercise greatly improves the ability to focus on academic materials. Longer periods of recess are clearly required to allow students the best possible chances of success in their studies. Physical exercise is one of the most important and necessary ingredients for improving student scores on standardized tests.
There are many activities people can do during the summer in Ottawa. One thing people can do is bike ride along the Ottawa river. Taking a boat tour of Ottawa is another activity in which individuals can participate. Each tour is about one hour and can be very informational. Another unique opportunity available only in Ottawa is to walk along the ByWard Market, which is filled with boutiques, museums, cafes and specialty shops. This is a fantastic place where visitors can purchase unique and memorable souvenirs. Clearly, living in Ottawa during the summer-time can be enjoyable with all the activities that are available.
Note: These are very simple paragraphs meant to review basic structure. Your evidence and sentence structure should be more advanced by this point.
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