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Frankenstein Vs. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

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Kayla Lucas

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Frankenstein Vs. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

Similarities and Differences Frankenstein/Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Mary Shelley 1797-1851 The Authors Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Scientific Research or Discovery at the Time Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Point of View of Each Story Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde The Techniques used to Start and End Each Story Victor Frankenstein Character Traits of: The Monster Character Traits of: R. L. Stevenson 1850-1894 -Traveled a lot, especially with her husband
-In love with an older married man
-Was pretty healthy
-Her parents were radicals/well off
-Wrote her story because of a competition
-No formal education, but her dad her encouraged her to read
-Drowns in a boating accident -Traveled a lot - saw most of the country
-In love with an older married woman
-Was very sickly(had TB)
-Came from humble origins, and money was still tight
-His story was inspired by a dream
-Went to college to write literature
-Died before his wife at the age of 44 The story takes place in the late nineteenth century. During that time, there were many experiments/advancements in the study of chemistry. One advancement was the publishing of the periodic table. Another was the fact that they tried to make known the scientific discoveries to the public, even though they had no true understanding of the scientific principles of chemistry. Additionally, there was an evolution of the social sciences, including the studies of the personality and the mind. Frankenstein The story takes place in the eighteenth century. During this time, much research was being conducted on the use of electricity and galvanism. Scientists were on the verge of discovering the potential of electricity and the fact that it could be created by using chemical reactions. They were developing on the theory that electricity could be used to create life. The point of view of the story is third person limited, the person being Utterson, until the end when it switched to the first person point of view of Jekyll and at another part Lanyon. Frankenstein The point of view of the story is first person, although throughout the story it switches between people. It starts out with letters written from Walton to his sister, but throughout the letters, he is retelling the tragic story of Victor Frankenstein from his first person point of view. Additionally, when Victor is retelling his story, there are also parts from his monster's first person point of view. COMPARISON During both stories, the point of view switches between characters to give the reader a well-rounded perspective of the stories. Frankenstein TO START: The story begins with Mr. Utterson and and Mr. Enfield going for a walk and Mr.Enfield telling Utterson a story that sparks his interest into Mr. Hyde.

TO END: The story ends with a letter from Jekyll to Utterson that tells Utterson that Jekyll can no longer hide his Hyde personality from coming out and that bye the time Utterson reads the letter Henry Jekyll will be no more. TO START: The story begins with a group of men on a boat in the Arctic spotting a man out in the snow who is suffering from the elements and close to death. They see him chasing a giant man and the captain of the boat, Robert Walton decides that they should help Victor.

TO END: The story ends with Frankenstein finishing his story about his life and then dying from sickness. The monster then regrets his entire existence and then wants to die himself. Comparison: These stories both end similarly in the fact that they don't completely reveal the ending but both offer the lingering threat that the "monsters" of the story are still alive, but have the intentions of ending that. Dr. Jekyll -Well liked
-Well kept
-Highly respected
-Known for his decency and charitable works
-Has a secret dark side
-Doctor -Highly Educated
-Thirsty for knowledge
-Innovative Mr. Hyde -Short
-Distorted features
-No one likes him
-Enjoys evil-doing
-Embraces the dark side
-Strange and repugnant
-Violent and cruel -Tall
-Craves interaction
-Distorted features
-Longs for a love
-Despises his creator
-Regrets his existence
-Learns to hate humans
-Murderer Role the supporting Characters Play Frankenstein -Frankenstein's family played a role in being targets for the monster to have his revenge on Victor with
-Frankenstein's family and friends try to help ease his guilty conscience and bring him back to a happier place
-Frankenstein's family and friend's deaths serve as a motive for Victor's unrelenting search in destroying the monster Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde -Utterson: Lawyer and friend of Jekyll that tries to solve the mystery of the man that is Hyde
-Poole: Jekyll's butler that finds Hyde in a closet
-Enfield: Man that goes on walks with Utterson and first piques Utterson's interest in Mr. Hyde when he tells him the story of how Hyde trampled a young girl
-Carew: One of the men that Hyde killed Henry Clerval: best friend of Victor; person that takes care of Victor when he falls ill and follows his friend to Ingolstadt
Elizabeth Lavenza: Childhood friend and eventual wife of Victor that get's murdered on their wedding night Violent Acts of the Stories
and Their Reasons Frankenstein Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde The monster kills:
-William, partially on accident just to try and silence his screams, because all the monster really wants is a companion and he hoped that an innocent little boy could be that for him
-Justine, hung because she was framed for William's murder and the monster saw it as an opportunity to create more destruction
-Henry, murdered because the monster wanted to take away Victor's happiness by killing his best friend
-Elizabeth, murdered on her wedding night to show Victor the loneliness and unhappiness that he feels everyday and the Victor failed to correct
-Alphonse (Victor's father), indirectly was murdered by the monster due to all of the heartache that the monster caused him and his family Mr. Hyde killed:
-A little girl, she was in his way and he was in a hurry so he trampled her
-Sir Carew, he offered his greetings to him and in turn Hyde beat him with the cane that Utterson gave him
-Dr. Lanyon, he witnessed Dr. Jekyll turn into Mr. Hyde and then became very ill and died a few days later Themes of the Stories Frankenstein Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde The main theme of the story is good vs. evil. Throughout the entire story, Dr. Jekyll is fighting the conflict within himself and his knowledge that he should do good, but the pleasure he feels when he does evil. In the end, evil wins by Mr. Hyde completely taking over Jekyll.
Another theme of the story is reputation. Throughout the story all of the men try to avoid gossip at all costs.For example when Enfield and Utterson are going for the walk they see gossip as a great destroyer of reputation. Similarly, when Utterson suspects Jekyll of being blackmailed, he does not divulge this and during the story he does his best to try and preserve Jekyll's esteemed reputation. The main theme of the story is whether scientists have the right to try and do God's work, by exploring the creation of life. Victor "does God's work" by putting together and creating life in the monster who in turn murders several people. After it's too late, Victor realizes the severity of what he's done, and regrets his exploration.
Another theme was who the true monster of the story was, the monster or the creator. Although the monster killed numerous people, that was the only way he knew how to receive attention from his "father" and try to make him feel as miserable as he did. But Victor, the creator was responsible for his loneliness by creating the monster and then not taking care of him and abandoning him. In turn, the creator could have quite literally cause the behavior elicited by the monster. The Reasoning Behind the Scientific Experiments Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Frankenstein -Jekyll wanted to separate his personalities so he wouldn't ruin his reputation. He wanted to get rid of his bad side and find a solution to his split nature -Frankenstein performed his experiences because he believed that life could be created if he pushed the limits of the known. Additionally, death intrigued him and he wanted to understand it better
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