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Technology in the Gilded Age
Transcript of Technology in the Gilded Age
Coal- With the invention of the steam engine, coal replaced wood in fueling the steam engine and machinery used in various industries, such as the steel industry.
Oil- The ability to use a steam engine for oil drilling started an oil boom in the U.S. This helped with the petroleum refining industry. It transformed oil into kerosene and later gasoline for the automobile. C Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was a period in which changes occurred.
New opportunities came for speculators and entrepreneurs when the agricultural and mercantile economy transformed rapidly into industrialism.
The United States became the world's leading industrial power.
Transportation- Finished products, raw materials, food and people needed a reliable, quicker and less costly system of transportation. Canals and rivers had long been used as a means of internal transportation.
In the mid-1700s the first construction of canals between industrial districts began. The construction of trunk lines opened the central industrial districts in the 1770s.
The railroads were already in use in the late 1700s. Tramways, using cast iron rails, were being employed in a number of mines in England. By 1800 more than 200 miles of tramway served coal mines.
Labor- The conditions in which they worked can be appropriately characterized as being horrendous. Inside these factories one would find poorly ventilated, noisy, damp and poorly lighted areas. These factories were unhealthy and dangerous places. Normally, they worked twelve to fourteen hours daily. Factory Acts that were later enacted by Parliament regulated the number of hours that men, women and children worked. The workers mainly used their hands. Inventors and Their Inventions During the Gilded Age there were many technological advancements including these inventions.
Samuel Morse- Invented the telegraph
Enabled people to communicate over distances
Henry Bessemer- Produced large quantities of steel efficiently and affordable
By pumping air through a converter filled with molten iron, the impurities within the iron were burnt out yielding high grade steel.
Used to build railroads
Alexander Graham Bell- Invented the telephone
This allowed people to communicate faster and over distances.
Thomas Edison- Invented the first electric light bulb.
This cut down the use of expensive copper.
He also invented the phonograph, early motion picture cameras and projectors, and the first commercial electric power system. Transcontinental Railroad It was constructed 1863-1869.
Connected the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific.
Provided continuous roots to the west coast.
It was the largest railroad in the world. It had over 900 miles of tracks.
These railroads allowed rapid and safe movement.
It allowed people and goods to be able to go quickly across the continent. It made month trips to day trips. Bell ringer Write down 1 thing you already know about the Gilded Age, 1 thing you think you know, and 1 thing you want to know.