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Paul Watzlawick

Paul Watzlawick an five axioms

Johannes Willmann

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Paul Watzlawick

Paul Watzlawick
* 25. 07. 1921
Villach, Austria
1939 - University of Venice
Studied philosophy and philology
PhD in the subject of Philosophy
1951 to 1954
apprenticeship as a Psychotherapist
Scientist at the Mental Research Institute in Palo Alto
until 1960
Professorship for Psychotherapy
1967 - Stanford University
Professor for Psychiatry
honorable award of Viktor Frankl-Foundation (Vienna)
† 31. 03. 2007 - Palo Alto, California
The 5 axioms
3. Axiom
2. Axiom
1. Axiom
4. Axiom
5. Axiom
"One cannot not communicate"
"Every communication has a content and relationship aspect"
"The nature of a relationship is dependent on the punctuation of the partners' communication procedures"
"Messages Consist of Verbal (digital) Symbols and Nonverbal (analog) Cues"
"Inter-human communication is symmetric
or complementary"
content aspect
: pure Information exchange (What´s it about?)
relationship aspect
: shows how the sender wants the information to be understood
Mimic, gesture and tone determine the reaction of the addressee
Relationship aspect can
be answered in three ways:
- Acceptance
- Rejection
- Invalidation
Die Paradoxien von Paul Watzlawick
Was sind Paradoxien

muss befolgt werden

Darf nicht befolgt werden

um bevolgt zu werden
Bestandteile von Paradoxien
Digital cues
Analog cues
- transmits complex knowledge
- sets logical connections
- relationship aspect of a message
- shows how a statement
was meant (sarcasm, anger etc.)
= Equality
= Difference
2 equal partners
aiming on similarity
"superior and inferior Partners"
4 Wege zur Problemlösung
Zunächst muss das Problem definiert werden. Hierbei muss zwischen echten und Pseudoproblemen natürlich unterschieden werden.
Der zweite Schritt ist, die bisherigen Lösungsversuche zu untersuchen und zu sehen, ob die Probleme nicht durch Fehllösung entstanden sind.
Darauf folgt die Formulierung von Zielen bzw. Lösungen. In diesem Schritt sollte man Utopien und vage Lösungen natürlich nicht berücksichtigen.
Zu guter Letzt werden die Planungen durchgeführt.
1. Schritt
4. Schritt
3. Schritt
2. Schritt
Danke fürs zuhören :)
responsible elements of communication:
7% spoken word
38% voice, tone
55% body language
We all live in a self-constructed reality
Sender and the receiver of information structure the communication flow differently
Many see their own actions as a reaction rather than a stimulus!
Teacher shouting at class because they don´t participate
Class doesn´t participate because they are afraid of the shouting teacher
Teacher shouting at class
because they don´t
Class doesn´t participate
because they are afraid of
the shouting teacher
content aspect
if they don´t work together
congruent, confusion may occur
As long as the dimensions aren´t settled
the feud for positioning will continue.
Fifth axiom focuses on the partners at a level of meta communication:
This fact is increased by stereotypes and prejudice.
A metacommunicational look on communication
Business Intelligence
"The communication theory of Paul Watzlawick - five pragmatic axioms
Johannes Willmann
Full transcript