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Media and Body Image

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Tasneem Raja

on 2 April 2013

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Transcript of Media and Body Image

The Truth Behind It... Media and Body Image Anorexia Nervosa & Bulimia Nervosa Eating Disorders Disorder where a person eats an excess amount of food and tries to get rid of it in unhealthy ways. Disorder that makes the person lose more weight than the average, normal weight. What causes Anorexia Nervosa? Anorexia Nervosa Bulima Nervosa Who Gets Anorexia? Affects 85-95% of women
Can also affect men
People in different cultures What are the signs of Anorexia? Weigh less than a normal healthy person
Think that they overweight
Afraid of gaining anymore weight
Refuse to stay at a normal healthy weight Is This How You Feel When You Look In the Mirror? How does the media affect body image? The media uses unrealistic models that sends a message to women that they must be unhealthy in order to be beautiful. T
T They can get better by seeing a doctor, therapist, and nutritionist. Treating any psychological issues
Help bringing their normal weight back
Help getting rid of the thoughts or actions that can cause a relapse Doctors do this by: People with Bulimia: Want to lose weight very badly
Are not happy with their appearance
Fear of gaining more weight Who gets Bulimia Nervosa? 85-90% of women
Men also are affected
People with different backgrounds There are two types of Bulimia: Purging Bulimia
Nonpurging Bulimia Purging: Self-induce vomiting
Misuse of laxatives Nonpurging: Prevent weight gain by dieting, fasting, and excessive exercise What are the symptoms of Bulimia? Continuously fearing about gaining weight
Forcing oneself to excessively exercise and vomit
Misusing laxatives
Using herbal products and supplements to lose weight Factors that play a role in causing Bulimia: Heart Problems
Dehydration, which can lead to kidney failure
Depression and Anxiety
Drug & Alcohol Abuse T
T Psychotherapy
Nutrition Education Biology
Societal Expectations
Emotional Health C
S Factors that play a part in causing Anorexia: Culture
Life Changes
Personal traits
Biology When the disorder gets too obsessive: Making him or herself throw up
Eating very small amounts
Counting calories
Taking diet pills Movies like Shrek where the “ugly” princess is green, overweight, and more masculine and the “beautiful” princess is thin and extremely feminine influences kids at an early age that fat is bad and thin is good. (Kovar, 2009) Fast Facts Up to 24 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder (anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder) in the U.S.

The body type portrayed in advertising as the ideal is possessed naturally by only 5% of American females

(Eating disorders statistics, 2013) Statistics Surveys suggest that 83% of adolescent girls read fashion magazines for an average of 4.3 hours per week (Levine & Smolak, 1996) and that “Seventeen” magazine has an estimated readership of 11,000,000 (Levine, Piran, & Stoddard, 1999).
It appears that beauty and fashion magazines significantly impact the process of identity development in young women, especially with regards to gender-role learning, identity formation, and the development of values and beliefs (Arnett, 1995; Thomsen et al., 2001)
In one survey, the number one wish of girls aged 11–17 who were given three magic wishes for anything they wanted was “to lose weight and keep it off”(Kilbourne, 1994) CONTINUED...
About 60 percent of white middle school girls read at least one fashion magazine on a regular basis.
Women's health and fashion magazines have 10.5 times more advertising and articles promoting weight loss in comparison to men's magazines of the same variety.
A study following 4,294 television commercials found that one out of every 3.8 commercials send some kind of message regarding attractiveness with the message dictating what is and is not attractive. These same researchers found that the average teen views about 5,260 messages regarding attractiveness per year.
(Eating Disorders and the Media, 2009) Resources Kovar, A. (2009, April 30). Effects of media on body image. Retrieved from http://healthpsych.psy.vanderbilt.edu/2009/BodyImageMedia.htm Eating disorders statistics. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/eating-disorders-statistics/ Spettigue, W., & Hendersen, K. (2004, February 13). Ncbi. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2533817/ Eating disorders and the media. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.teeneatingdisorders.us/content/eating-disorders-and-the-media.html
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