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Tips for Mainstream Teachers: a Win-Win Situation with English Language Learners - by Peter Zsebik
Transcript of Tips for Mainstream Teachers: a Win-Win Situation with English Language Learners - by Peter Zsebik
We Are all ESL teachers.
True or False?
Numbers at RHHS
English Language Learning in the Mainstream Classroom
What's it like to be an English Language Learner ?
We Are all Language Learners.
True or False?
Thanks for Listening
Just so You Know...
To Date, there are 280 students out of almost 1700 students who are designated as English Language Learners:
5 or 0.29% @ ESL A level
39 or 2.29% @ ESL B level
94 or 5.52% @ ESL C level
118 or 6.94% @ ESL D level
22 or 1.29% @ ESL E level
Total of 16.33% of students designated as ELL
Are you a good language learner?
4. Mzuri sana
5. Na wewe?
6. Unatoka wapi?
7. Natoka ...
3. How are you?
4. Very well
5. And you?
6. Where are you from?
7. I'm from ...
8. Good bye
don't feel bad, it takes
on average 7 years to become
fluent in a language.
Diagrams of length of time
it takes to learn a second language
BICS vs. CALPS
An Approach to Understanding What is in Front of us
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
Consists predominantly of oral language used for social communication
Learners use BICS in familiar supported contexts
Interaction is often face to face, providing opportunity to ask questions and clarify meaning.
Content usually familiar and conceptually undemanding
Sentence structure is simple and vocabulary is of common high frequency 1 or 2 syllable words
according to Cummins, most students achieve this after 2 to 3 years.
HOWEVER, sometimes this oral language facility can be misleading and often the student does not receive proper support
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
The level of competence required to understand 'teacher talk', lectures, and other educational presentations, textbooks, report writing, and research projects and other academic tasks
Learners are required to us CALP in more formal situations
usually asssociated with little opportunity for interaction (lecture or textbook reading)
Content is usually unfamiliar and conceptually demanding.
Instructional English is impersonal and abstract, and uses many multi-syllable words of Latin or Greek origin
Most English language learners learn the language quickly, but their native colleagues are also learning. this means that although the gap narrows year by year, it can take five to ten years for second language learners to catch up
NOTE: Students who arrive with limited literacy development in their first language may take even longer - and many never catch up
What do you Think? True or False?
Our society has entered into a civil structure unparalleled in human history. Advances in technology have truly made the world into one big village. We as educators don't have to look farther than our own classrooms to see the changes that have bombarded civilization. Part of these changes is that the teaching of English as a Second Language will become the norm rather than the exception.
We Can't forget about the culture of the student. There are many parts of our Canadian culture that we take for granted but that a new ELL will have difficulty adjusting to.
Stage One - Arrival and first impressions
Stage Two - Culture Shock
Stage Three - Recovery and Optimism
Stage Four - Acculturation
In Conclusion, it's the job of every educator to
give every ELL a chance to be successful within
an educational context. We have only skimmed the surface of the available research surrounding English Language Acquisition, but it is hoped that this presentation will serve as a starting point. If you have any more questions, please feel free to contact me.
The Federal goverment enacted a policy in 2005 to allow upwards of 700 000 immigrants into Canada over 5 years. Implications? Reactions?
Nice to Meet Ya!
Look at me go now!
It's all up to
Are you sure it's safe?
1) To provide an overview of some of the challenges an English Language Learner faces in a foreign environment such as the Ontario education system.
2) To provide a brief introduction of approaches and methods useful for a mainstream teacher who has an ELL in his or her classroom
or the U Process
Feeling like you are on a roller coaster yet?