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Masks of the Pacific Northwest Indians
Transcript of Masks of the Pacific Northwest Indians
Haida, Kwakiutl, Makah, Nootka, Squamish, Tlingit, and Tsimshian) The climate of the Northwest Coast is surprisingly warm for the northern latitudes
because an ocean current warms the ocean as well as winds blowing inland. The
westerly winds also carry abundant moisture. The mountains block the moisture,
which turns to rainfall, as much as 100 inches or more a year, more than in any
other part of North America. Abundant springs and streams run from the mountains
to the ocean. Pacific Northwest Coastline Tsimshian Killer Whale transformation mask- A transformation mask is a large mask with movable parts that can be opened and closed. Traditional colors include: black, red,
blue-green and sometimes white, and yellow. Makah Mask Raven Mask, Kwakwaka’wakw Nation Chilkat Cedar Plank House 1894 In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November 1990 "National American Indian Heritage Month November 1-30
Ceremonial carved and painted masks of the Pacific Northwest Coast are spectacular. Many, though cast in the form of a human face, represent supernatural beings or mythical monsters. There are also clan masks that represent the totem of the individual clans. a ceremony in which presents are given or exchanged. Gifts were given by the host to the guests. a tool used to create a pattern on the surface of a wood carving. The native masks often represented spirit creatures, animals and myths. When used in the Potlatch or other West Coast Native ceremonies, the native dancers would take on the personification of the creatures that the masks represented and enter the supernatural world during the dance. A West Coast Native transformation mask often represents the transformation of a human to a mythical creature or animal and vice versa. The use of transformation masks is rooted in ancient Kwakiutl traditions. According to Kwakiutl creation stories, there was once a time when birds, fish, animals and humans differed only in skin covering and had the ability to transform themselves at will. All living beings were unified and animals could take on human form, just as humans could become animals, birds, fish, and mythical creatures. What is your animal spirit? Bear Cougar Grouse Hawk Mosquito Raven Beaver Bee