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Copy of Photography techniques
Transcript of Copy of Photography techniques
Pick a subject from around the room (object/ person) and photograph it/ them in a
Frame and photograph a subject using the rule of thirds
Photograph a composition using neutral space
Understand the basics of photographic composition:
Rule of Thirds
The purpose of this activity is to give you the skills to take photographs using some basic rules of composition
A key term in Media, and Photography in particular, is 'Composition'
What does it mean?
PHOTOGRAPH OR FIND AN ONLINE EXAMPLE OF THE GOLDEN RATIO RULE
Cinematographers are in charge of Light and Cameras on film sets.
Great Cinematographers frame each of their shots with photographic composition........
GOLDEN RATIO IN COMPOSITION
The golden ratio is a spiral based on the mathematical pattern of Fibonacci sequence
It puts the point of interest in the centre and as the spiral curves out other items feature along it's continuous line
Throughout our culture this has been recognised as
[Aesthetics - the nature/ study of beauty]
TECHNICAL SKILLS TO IMPROVE YOUR PHOTOGRAPHS
There are 3 main variables when taking photographs....
APERTURE - controls the size of the lens opening
ISO - the speed of the film
SHUTTER SPEED - how long the shutter is open for
When using the rule of thirds you may leave a large empty space or 'neutral space' in the frame.
This can be balanced by including other objects in the frame
Put the DSLR on AV mode
Adjust to 'Manual Focus' (MF)
Now take multiple (5-10) photographs of the same subject (remember a subject can be a person or an object) adjusting the 'f stop'
Keep your camera still (tripod or table)
We will upload to our tumblrs
Use a tripod
In pairs set your cameras to shutter priority (TV mode)
REMEMBER to use a subject that is still/ stationary
You have 10 minutes to photograph some motion blur images for this activity
Please find examples of low, medium, and high contrast images online
Label them correctly
Upload them to your tumblr
The aperture value is numerical and represented with an 'f'
The higher the f-stop (f16, f32) the smaller the hole
THE BIGGER THE DEPTH OF FIELD (DEEP FOCUS)
The lower the f-stop (f2, f2.8) the bigger the hole
THE SMALLER THE DEPTH OF FIELD (SHALLOW FOCUS)
To set the camera to Aperture priority use the 'AV' or 'A' setting or do it manually on the film SLR cameras
If you want to create a shallow depth of field to create the shallow focus/ cinematic look you need a low aperture/ f-stop
f32 (High aperture/ f-stop) = DEEP FOCUS
f1.8 (Low aperture/ f-stop) = SHALLOW FOCUS
It is sometimes stated that galaxies, shells, and subsequently paintings and architecture exhibit this pattern.
Today the golden ratio is commonly used in everyday design, for example in the shapes of postcards, playing cards, advertising posters, wide-screen televisions, photographs, and cars
Knowing HOW and WHY to use these techniques will improve your finished photographs.
Photography - like any art form - is a skill that you should work at. Practice will improve your photos.
For more on the Fibonnaci Sequence...
What is the subject here?