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Copy of Repousse - Illuminated Letter

Studio Art
by

Mrs. Nordensvan

on 4 February 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Repousse - Illuminated Letter

Aim:
What is an illuminated letter?
What will we learn today?
What are illuminated letters?
Who made them and how they were made?
When were they made?
How can I make one?
?
Have you ever seen these before?
These are Illuminated Letters...
An illuminated letter is an added bit of
decoration that enhances a piece of writing.
The term 'illumination' means: to light up.
- this was originally achieved by using Gold Leaf!
Animals, plants and objects were used to create
pattern around the letter
Decoration
Pattern
So what are they?
When were they made?
Illuminations have been found on ancient
Egyptian manuscripts dating back to 1310 B.C
As written languages developed Illuminated Letters became more and more beautiful and soon became a highly respected art form
Who would use illuminated letters??
WHY?
How Are They Created?
...there are 3 stages to creating an illuminated letter:
No. 1
The parchmenter prepared the drawing surface
No. 2
The Scribe copied the information
onto each page
No. 3
The illuminator accurately created the Illuminated letters on each page.
Letters = Art
They can take a huge amount of skill, time and effort to make!
Illuminations defined a time in history when the ability to read was sacred and reserved for religious leaders or those born of royal blood.
Why Are They Important?
?
Because of the amount of skill involved to create Illuminated Letters many important people recognized these as beautiful pieces of art - this was a good time to be an Artist!
Project
Requirements:
Your name initial - one or both
Pattern - create patterns in and around your letter
Border - Create a border design that relates to the rest of your letter.
Do Now:
Draw your initials using a new font.
Can you guess what makes a letter illuminated?
Identify the differences between these two letters.
P
How does this letter L differ from the rest of the written text?
The process or art of decorating or adorning something.
A repeated decorative design.
In early medieval times, monks were the sole makers of illuminated manuscripts. Before universities existed, monasteries were the central place for learning. Monks copied books mainly for use in worship. However, rulers and high-ranking churchmen commissioned books from monasteries, including historical records and Greek and Roman literature.
Scribes worked in a room called a scriptorium. Sometimes the same person was both scribe and illustrator, but not necessarily. One monk might do the writing and another the illuminating.
While they translated the bible, they would decorate or "illuminate" the first letter in a paragraph.
Today's task
Create 4 thumbnail sketches of your illuminated letter.
Remember to create a border and use pattern in and around your letter.
Thumbnail sketches are due at the end of the art period.
Closure
What is an illuminated letter?
Why were illuminated letters important?
What is pattern?
What is the importance of using pattern to create your illuminated letter?
Aim:

How do you add pattern to your letter design?
Do Now:
Draw three original patterns.
Your name initial - one or both
Pattern - create patterns in and around your letter
Border - Create a border design that relates to the rest of your letter.
How do you create a pattern?
On your paper, draw one
shape or line. Think OUTSIDE THE BOX.
Draw a NEW shape or a different type of line.
Now hand that paper to the person on your left.
Using the new paper you have just been given, repeat the shape or line to achieve a pattern.
Today's task
Continue working on your thumbnail sketches.
Use some of the newly created patterns at your table as inspiration.
Thumbnails should be finished today.
Why do you think it is important to plan your work and create thumbnail sketches?
As a table, look at each other's thumbnail sketches and decide which designs you like the best.
Closure
Requirements
Aim:

How will you create your final draft for your illuminated letter?
Do Now:
Identify how the border of this illuminated letter correlates (matches) with the letter design?
Today's task
Watch a teacher demonstration on laying out your illuminated letter border and design.
Begin your illuminated letter design on paper.
Remember to use pattern in and around your letter design.
Final design due at the end of art period.
CLOSURE
Why is it important to relate your border to your letter design?
How did you ensure you created an even border for your layout?
What personal interests, if any, are you adding to your illuminated letter?
Aim:
How do you create a completed design through the utilization of negative and positive space?
Do Now:
Compare and contrast these two illuminated letters.
What is positive space?
Positive space = The subject
So what would negative space be?
Negative space =
the unoccupied or empty space
What do you think you should have more of in your illuminated letter design? Positive or negative space?
Today's task
Continue working on your letter and border design.
Remember to fill up your negative space. You want some, but not too much!
Final design due at the end of class!
Closure
What is positive space?
What is negative space?
How did you utilize space in your composition?
Aim:
How will you experiment with techniques in
Repousse
using a portion of your illuminated letter?
Repousse:
a metalworking technique in which a
*malleable metal is shaped by hammering the reverse side to create a
low relief.
* malleable = capable of being altered

Relief:
A sculptural technique that is used to give the impression that a sculpted material has been raised above the background plane.

Low Relief:
a projecting image with a shallow overall depth.
Look at the following relief sculptures and decide if they are low relief, mid-relief or high relief.
Low-relief?
Mid-Relief
High-Relief?
Why?
Low-Relief?
Mid-Relief?
High Relief?
Why?
Low-Relief?
Mid-Relief?
High Relief?
Why?
Today's task
Watch a teacher demonstration on repousse techniques.
Trace a small part of your design on a piece of foil.
Using the tools, practice the techniques learned.
Remember! -
Push out from the back!
Push in from the front!
Closure
What is the difference between a free standing sculpture and a relief sculpture?
What is the difference between a low-relief and a high-relief sculpture?
After pressing from the back of the foil, what is the next step to creating and even higher relief?
Low-Relief?
Mid-Relief?
High Relief?
Why?
Aim:
How do you add variety to your illuminated letter using pattern and line?
Do Now:
Looking at this illuminated letter, can you guess what VARIETY is?
Today's task
Continue working on your letter and border design.
Remember to add variety to your pattern and letter design.
Final design at the end of class!
Closure
Critique of illuminated letter drawings.
Aim:
How will you decide what parts of your design will be positive and which will be negative?
Do Now:
Look at your letter design. Describe what parts you want raised and what parts you want to be flat.
Today's task
Watch a teacher demonstration on Repousse techniques.
Begin tracing your design onto Repousse foil.
If finished, begin using the Repousse tools to create your relief sculpture.
Closure
After pressing from the back of the foil, what is the next step to creating an even higher relief?

How did you decide what parts you wanted raised and what parts you wanted flat?
Aim:
How will you use repousse tools to create a relief sculpture?
Today's task
Continue working on your repousse illuminated letter.
Press from BACK of your foil onto newspaper to create a relief sculpture.
Press down from the front of your foil onto the TABLE to flatten any negative space.
Closure
What are some problems you have encountered when using the Repousse foil and tools?

Have you found any techniques that have helped you rectify these problems?
Do Now:
Compare and contrast these two sculptures.
How do these sculptures differ?
Which one is a relief sculpture?
In each sculpture identify the negative and positive space.
Aim:
How will you create depth in your Repousse Illuminated Letter design?
Today's task
Continue working on your repousse illuminated letter.
Press from BACK of your foil onto newspaper to create a relief sculpture.
Press down from the front of your foil onto the TABLE to flatten any negative space.
Closure
How can you create more depth in your repousse letter?

How are you creating texture in your repousse letter?
Do Now:
Compare and contrast these two Repousse works.
How do these works differ in terms of depth?
How do these works differ in terms of texture?
How do these works differ in terms of space and composition?
Tuesday, September 25th
Friday, September 28th
Thursday, September 27th
Aim:
How will you create texture in your repousse?
Today's task
Continue working on your repousse illuminated letter.
Press from BACK of your foil onto newspaper to create a relief sculpture.
Press down from the front of your foil onto the TABLE to flatten any negative space.
Closure
What principle of art did we learn about today?

What are two types of TEXTURE and the differences between the two?

What type of texture are you utilizing in your Repousse?
Do Now:
Look at these two works of art. Compare and contrast them in terms of texture.
Photograph
Repousse
NOTES:
ELEMENT OF ART -
Texture
The surface character of a material that can be experienced through touch or the illusion of touch.
Actual texture:
A texture that you can feel.
Implied texture:
When something looks like it has texture but does not.
What type of texture is shown through this work of art? Why?
What type of texture would a photograph have?
Aim:
How will you create texture in your repousse?
Today's task
Continue working on your repousse illuminated letter.
Press from BACK of your foil onto newspaper to create a relief sculpture.
Press down from the front of your foil onto the TABLE to flatten any negative space.
Closure
What is implied texture? Give an example of implied texture.

What is actual texture? Give an example of actual texture.
Do Now:
What are two types of texture? Identify what types of texture are illustrated in these works of art.
Sculpture
Photography of a Leaf
Aim:
How will you create texture in your repousse?
Today's task
Continue working on your repousse illuminated letter.
Press from BACK of your foil onto newspaper to create a relief sculpture.
Press down from the front of your foil onto the TABLE to flatten any negative space.
Closure
How do you create more depth in your repousse?
Do Now:
Identify where you see the most texture in this Repousse. What does the artist do to sharpen the edges of the large trees?
Wednesday, October 3rd
Aim:
How will we conduct a class critique?
Today's task
Continue working on your repousse illuminated letter.
Press from BACK of your foil onto newspaper to create a relief sculpture.
Press down from the front of your foil onto the TABLE to flatten any negative space.
Closure
CLASS CRITIQUE!
Do Now:
List 4 vocabulary words you have learned during this project. Describe how you have used them in your repousse illuminated letter.
Thursday, October 4th
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