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Task of Education
Transcript of Task of Education
Adjustment and Adaptation
It is a term referring to the ability to adjust to new information and experiences. Learning is essentially adapting to our constantly changing environment. Through adaptation, we are able to adopt new behaviors that allow us to cope with change.
- may be defined as a process of altering behavior to reach a harmonious relationship with the environment.
- it is the behavioral process by which humans and other animals maintain an equilibrium among their various needs or between their needs and the obstacles of their environments.
occurs when there is an inability to make a normal adjustment to some need or stress in the environment.
Adjustment vs. Adaptation
Minor changes to accommodate to minor changes.
Something major has happened, and you won't be able to survive unless you make major changes within yourself.
-frequently involves coping with new standards and values.
Initially based on the information we obtain about them.
An idea, feeling, or opinion about something or someone formed without conscious thought or on the basis of little evidences.
Impression Formation is a psychological term referring to the way in which strangers develop perceptions to each other.
"We look at a person and immediately a certain imoression of his character forms itself in us glance, a few spoken words are sufficient to tell us a story about highly complex matter.."
Nature of Social Adjustment
-Forming opinions about others and others have opinions about us
-Everybody wants acceptance and recognition
-Trying to behave according to the norms of the society
Efforts to bring changes in performance of an individual.
Compliance to others
Conformity to norms
-Schools need to shape or "reconstruct" society.
-is an educational theory that advocates change, improvement and the reforming of the school and society.
Social Reconstructionist believes that students are the critical element in bringing about social change.
George Counts (1889-1974)
He recognized that education was the means of preparing people for creating this new social order.
Paulo Freire (1921-1997)
"Humans must learn to resist oppression and not become its victims, nor oppress others."
- Rather than “teaching as banking” Freire thought that teaching and learning was the way for a child to invent and reinvent the world.
Theodore Brameld (1904-1987)
Cultural Transmission Theory
-proposed by scholar Riane Eisler
There was once a "partnership model" of civilization which gave way to a "dominator model".
Social Learning Theory: