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CHINA

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by

Cole Patterson

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of CHINA

19th century imperialism took advantage of internal struggles
-Nationalism uprisings increase
1911- Revolution made Qing empire fall,
Puyi
abdicates
1912-
Dr. Sun Yatsen
proclaims China a republic
The Dynasty fell, yet the problems remained
CHINA
Flaws in new republic:
Warlords established regional rule
- Ignored irrigation projects
- Promoted Opium trade: Weakened Chinese society

Foreign powers
still have control over Chinese economy from
the unequal treaties
1919 Peace Conference in Paris

I. Chinese expected the U.S. government to support the termination of the treaty system (unequal treaties)
II. Also, the restoration of full Chinese sovereignty.
 Did not happen, instead peacemakers approved increasing Japanese interference in China.

May Fourth Movement
+ Movement led by students and intellectuals in China’s urban areas
+Leaders of movement pledged themselves to rid China of imperialism and reestablish national unity.
• Ex: Student leader = Shanfei

Marxist thought as modified by Lenin in the Soviet Union.
Disillusioned by United States and the European powers.
--The Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
In 1921, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was organized in Shanghai.
Mao Zedong (1893-1976)
=A former teacher and librarian
= Marxist inspired social revolution as the “cure for China’s problems”.
Issue of women’s equality
Divorce, opposed arranged marriages, and campaigned against the practice of foot binding.

CHINA'S SEARCH FOR ORDER
THE REPUBLIC
NATIONALISM IN CHINA
NATIONALISM IN CHINA CONTINUED
SUN YATSEN
CIVIL WAR IN CHINA
CIVIL WAR IN CHINA CONTINUED
Drew closer together during the cold war
United against a common enemy, the US
Concerned about the US rehabilitating Japan and forming client states in South Korea and Taiwan
Beijing recognized Moscow's undisputed authority in world communism in exchange for Russia's military equipment and economic aid
TROUBLE WITHIN AN ALLIANCE
Tensions in Korea
Began in Summer 1950
Cold War Shifts to East Asia
USSR and USA can't agree on framework; Korea is partitioned.
US supports South (Capital Seoul).
USSR supports North (Capital) Pyongyang).
Korea: War Begins
North Korea invaded the South
Seoul taken on June 27, 1950
UN back US in South Korean aid
US forces push back North Koreans
Pyongyang occupied, until Chinese intervene to restore original border
3 mil dead by ceasefire in July 1953
Outcome of Korean War
US Globalizes Containment Strategy
Non-communists East Asian countries supported
Establishes SEATO (Southeast Asian Treaty Organization), like NATO
Eisenhower's Domino Theory: Neighbors of communists vulnerable to change
US applies preventative measures to communism
Worldwide
.
Resumed after the defeat of Japan
Communists inflicted heavy military defeats on the nationalists
National government under Jiang Jieshi took refuge in Taiwan
1949-Communist leader Mao Zedong establishes People's Republic of China
Cooperation with the Soviet Union
Progression of the War
maps.com
No one monolithic communist force
Chinese embarked on an intensive program of industrialization with help from Russia
Soviet Union and China were chief trading partners and Russia bought 1/2 of Chinese products
Chinese thought Russian aid was too modest and had too many strings attached
1964-Rift between China and Russia became public
Both nations competed for territory in Asia and Africa
CIVIL WAR IN CHINA CONTINUED
THE CHINESE CIVIL WAR CONTINUES
1925- death of Sun Yatsen, Guomindang fell to
Jiang Jieshi
(1887-1975)
Jieshi Launched a political and military offensive Northern Expedition (successful)
-Aimed to unify the nation and bring China under Guomindang(Nationalist party) rule
Long March
October 1934- Communists took flight to avoid annihilation from Jiang Jieshi
- 85,000 troops of the Red Army began the Long March

Mao Zedong
NATIONALISM IN CHINA CONTINUED
-An epic journey of 10,000 kilometers
SUN-YATSEN
-Inspired many Chinese to join the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong
- During the long march: he emerged as leader of the Chinese communist movement
Came up with a form of Marxist-Leninism (
Maoism
)
Ideology of Maoism:
- peasants rather than urban proletarians were the foundation for a successful revolution
-village power is critical in a country where most people were peasants
Unified China
Introduction of Communism
Socially Changed China
Equal Rights and Marriage Laws
Great Leap Forward
PRIVATE PROPERTY! NO.
Actually Great Leap Backwards
Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
Prevent Revolutionists
Not Great but Awful
most prominent nationalist leader:
lead Guomindang, also known as Nationalist people's party
-A democratic republican government based on universal suffrage.
-Against dictatorship of the proletariat and the triumph of communism.

Sun Yatsen developed
t
he
Three Principles of the People
to make China prosperous
-Three Principles of People = Elimination of special privileges for foreigners, National reunification, Economic development

By 1926, CCP made up 1/3 of the Guomindang membership.
Soviet Union advisers helped reorganize the Guomindang and the CCP into effective political organizations: both against foreigners
Puyi
First Prez
1927- Jieshi turned against his communist allies
-Brought the alliance between the Guomindang and China's communist party to an end
October 1935- Communist marchers establish headquarters at Yan'an after arriving in Shaanxi Province
Jiang Jieshi
Deng Xiaoping
Committed to Helping China Internationally
Helped Introduce Capitalism and Democracy to China
Student Revolted
Force Used and Weight Fell on Deng
China has Shown Impressive Growth to Today.


http://www.mypokecard.com/en/Gallery/my/galery/j0pt3KBwCWGP
https://www. youtube.com/watch?v=XJBnHMpHGRY
May Fourth Movement
http://video.about.com/history1900s/Profile-of-Mao-Zedong.htm

http://www.tortuoustravel.com/image-files/sunyatsen-museum-7
Sun Yatsen
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Sunyatsen1
First Prez
Guomindang leader
http://img2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20110218035010/althistory/images/0/04/220px-Puyi-Manchukuo.
http://www.gwpda.org/memoir/USStaff
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/May_Fourth_Movement_students
http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=wljy9QmVTF4
http://img2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20130527200146/howtotrainyourdragon/images/4/41/Korean_War_HA-SN-98-07085
http://www.crossed-flag-pins.com/Friendship-Pins/China/Flag-Pins-China-USSR.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0f/IncheonLandingMcArthur
http://www.washingtonpost.com/rf/image_606w/2010-2019/WashingtonPost/2012/03/05/Foreign/Images/m3057
http://military.china.com/zh_cn/history4/62/20050615/images/62_2005061515322913850700
Full transcript