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Muslim Brotherhood and Democratic Transition in Egypt

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Mihai Borcan

on 30 May 2013

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Transcript of Muslim Brotherhood and Democratic Transition in Egypt

MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD AND DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION IN EGYPT Muslim Brotherhood and Democratic Transition in Egypt The article by Carrie Rosefsky Wickham presents an unbiased look at who the Muslim Brotherhood is, where it came from and what its agenda is in the politics of Egypt. FACTIONS OF THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD 1) Da'wa faction - leaders with the greatest investment in the group’s historic mission of promoting its distinctive brand of Islam through religions outreach. A strongly conservative faction who wields power in the Brotherhood through bureaucratic operations, allocation of resources and recruiting. This is the faction whose members suffered imprisonment for more than 20 years during the Nasser era. 3) Reformers - have chosen to remain within the Brotherhood in order to push for change from within.

Advocate a progressive interpretation of Islam, and have pushed for revision on issues such as women's rights and treatment of Coptic Christians.

Are regarded by many Brotherhood members as having moved too far from the group’s conservative religious foundations. RECENT EVENTS OF THE BROTHERHOOD Under constant attack under Mubarak's rule (more than 35,000 members arrested). As a result adopted a policy of restrain.

Organized anti-Mubarak protests in 2004-2005. Resulted in a crackdown by the regime and the organization again had to exercise restrain.

During uprising of 2011 it exercised restrain in the early days of the protests. Once it was clear Mubarak was unable to break up the protesters in Tahrir and across Egypt, the Brotherhood ordered its members onto the streets on January 28th, 2011. Background

Established in 1928 by Hasan al-Banna, operated outside the political sphere and sought Islamic reform of society and state through the da’wa (religious outreach in mosques and public places), and by providing social services to meet the needs of the poor. 2) Conservative faction - is the Brotherhood's mainstream wing. Combines religious conservative values with belief in participation and engagement in the broader political scene. Most prominent members of the category include Muhammad Saad al-Qatatni & Muhammad Mursi (current president).

This group is willing to cooperate with secular groups in pursuit of common goals as long as it does not diminish or abandon the group's core Islamic ideology. Muslim Brotherhood and Democratic Transition in Egypt
Article by: Carrie Rosefsky Wickham

Presented by :Mihai Borcan Referenece
Wickham, Carrie Rosefsky. (2011). ‘The Muslim Brotherhood and Democratic Transition in Egypt’, Middle East Law and Governance, 3:204-223.
The Brotherhood has established a significant presence in

the Egyptian parliament and was the largest group in

writing the new constitution. It’s goal was to preserve

Article 2 of the old constitution, which claimed that the

Sharia was the primary source of legislation. However, the

wording was so vague that in theory it could be

interpreted along the lines consistent with democratic

norms. Will need to establish the rights of women and

Coptic Christians (in regards to political office, society and
culture). Conclusion
Because the Brotherhood and the FJP have now entered

the political arena as they have never before, there is

pressure both from outside and within to change and

adapt to the views of the wider Egyptian society. Since

Islamist views and Sharia interpretations are subject to

change, it remains to be seen how the Brotherhood and

FJP will change over the years, however change is certain

to come. Because of the wide support for Sharia as the

basis of law, there will be more parties in the future who

invoke Islam but will vary in interpretation.
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