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Fascism in Italy
Transcript of Fascism in Italy
Following World War I they felt that they had been cheated in the peace agreements that settled the financial and territorial disputes of the war. As a result of this frustration there was a lot of discontent in Italy after the war.
Additionally, alongside the rest of Europe, Italy suffered severe economic problems after World War I.
As a result there was a great deal of social upheaval. Many Italians were afraid that there might be a Communist takeover as in Russia allowing Benito Mussolini’s Fascist movement to gain widespread support.
In order to halt any opposition Mussolini formed groups of armed Fascists called Blackshirts; these groups were used to attack the socialists, strikers, and in general anyone who opposed the Fascists Mussolini's Rise to Power Mussolini appealed to nationalist pride among Italians. He demanded that Italy get more land from the peace treaties of World War I.
In 1922, Mussolini had enough followers that he forced the Italian king to make him his prime minister. As prime minister, Mussolini created a Fascist dictatorship.
He added extensive powers to the government and was given the power to pass laws by decree.
The police were given authority to arrest anyone. In 1926, the Fascists outlawed all opposition.
They set up a secret police.
At the end of 1926, Mussolini was the only ruler of Italy.
He was called Il Duce. Mussolini used the secret police to control the people.
The Fascists also controlled mass-media outlets.
They used the media to spread pro-Fascist propaganda The Fascists created youth groups that focused on military activities.
While the Italian Fascists tried to create a new nation of fit, disciplined, and war-loving people, they still maintained traditional values about the important place of women and families in society. Mussolini never achieved the total control over Italy that Hitler and Stalin did in Germany and the Soviet Union.
For example, Mussolini still recognized the sovereign independence of the Vatican in Rome and Catholicism as the state religion.
In all areas of Italian life, there was a large gap between Fascist policies and actual practice. Extension of Power Influence of Fascism Mussolini's fascist government had a significant influence on the people of Europe both inside and outside of Italy.
Beyond his strict governance of Italy, Mussolini was an important influence on Adolf Hitler in Germany. Hitler modeled Nazism after Mussolini's fascist regime.
Mussolini's secret police, "the blackshirts", directly served as a model for Hitler's SS guard.
Moreover Mussolini served as a role model for Hitler, although the admiration was not reciprocated until the Spanish Civil War- when both men supported Dictator Francisco Franco's Fascist movement in Spain Fascism