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MLA Format (8th Edition)
Transcript of MLA Format (8th Edition)
You only have to write down the text in green.
MLA (Modern Language Association)
style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
These classes might be
English Studies - Language and Literature
Foreign Language and Literature
hy Use MLA?
Abiding by MLA's standards as a writer will allow you to:
Provide your readers with cues they can use to follow your ideas more efficiently and to locate information of interest to them
Allow readers to focus more on your ideas by not distracting them with unfamiliar or complicated formatting
Establish your credibility or ethos in the field by demonstrating an awareness of your audience and their needs as fellow researchers (particularly concerning the citing of references)
Works Cited Page
A Works Cited page is a list of all the sources that were used in the paper.
In order to create a properly formatted works cited list, you have to document information from the sources you find in research.
The following information is the basic information needed for MLA Format.
2. Title of source.
3. Title of container,
4. Other contributors,
8. Publication date,
The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. If there is more than one publisher, and they are all are relevant to your research, list them in your citation, separated by a forward slash (/).
On web sources this is often placed by the copyright date.
Example: Penguin Press, Bodleian Libraries, Scientific American Blogs
Publication date (,)
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it.
If you’re unsure about which date to use, go with the date of the source’s original publication.
You should be as specific as possible in identifying a work’s location.
An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers.
The location of an online work should include a URL. (Teacher's preference)
Most books will not need this element.
Optional Element for location of an Online Sources: Date of Access.
It is placed after the location and followed by a period.
It is noted as Accessed 30 July 2016.
Works Cited Notes
The information for each source will be put on a source cards.
Source cards will be used to make the Works Cited page.
The Works Cited page is the last page of the research paper.
The entries are listed in alphabetical order.
Each entry should directly match an in-text citation within the paper.
Each entry is formatted with a hanging indent.
This means the second and consecutive lines of each entry are indented.
The Works Cite page is double-spaced with the same standard margins and continuing page numbers.
MLA Final Notes
There are many exceptions and small details in MLA format.
Some details are up to the teacher's choice.
For all questions, ask your teacher.
A great resource for MLA format is the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University.
Here is the link:
You can also consult the MLA Handbook (8th Edition).
All information on this presentation came from the MLA Handbook and the OWL Purdue website.
Russell, Tony, et al. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide."
The Purdue OWL
Purdue U Writing Lab, 2 Aug. 2016.
Modern Language Association.
. Eighth Edition, The Modern
Language Association of America, 2016.
Begin the entry with the author’s last name, followed by a comma and the rest of the name, as presented in the work. End this element with a period.
Notes on authors' names:
Reverse the name (Last, first)
If there are 2 authors, you reverse the first author's'name and write the second author's name in correct order.
If a book has an editor, you write ,editor after the name to indicate editor.
tle of source (.)
The title of the source should follow the author’s name.
Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks.
If a source has no author or editor, you begin the entry with the title
Title of container (,)
When the source being documented forms a part of a larger whole, the larger whole can be thought of as a container that holds the source.
The title of the container is normally italicized and is followed by a comma
Examples: An article in a magazine/database/anthology, a webpage on a website, or a poem or short story in a book.
Other contributors (,)
In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation.
Example: King James Version, Updated Edition, 4th Edition
If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Example: volume 2, Volume 58, no. 6, Season 4, Episode 2
In-Text (Parenthetical) Citations
When documenting the use of information from a source, you must cite the source.
You cite the source by placing parenthesis after the information that includes the author's last name and page number.
The information in the in-text citation will directly connect to the Works Cited Page.
You cite ALL borrowed information whether it is
You place your citation closest to the borrowed information.
If directly quoting, you use the following format: end the quotation, place the citation, end with punctuation.
If a source has no author, you place the title of the article or webpage in the parenthesis and denote it by using quotation marks.
If you introduce the author in the sentence, you only put the page numbers in the parenthesis to document.
Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
The poetry of romantics can be characterized by the "spontaneous overlow of powerful feelings" ("Poetry Made Simple")
Wordsworth characterizes romantic poetry by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).
Why do you need to cite your sources?
Citations give credit to people whose ideas you use.
is using someone else’s ideas or knowledge without giving that person credit. Avoid plagiarism by giving people credit for their ideas and their words.
There are 2 methods MLA style uses to avoid plagiarism:
1. In-Text (Parenthetical) Citations
2. Works Cited Page
In-Text (Parenthetical) Citations
Pay close attention to the punctuation that follows each element.
If an element is not applicable to the source, omit it.