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Architectural History

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Ivon Thomas

on 11 March 2015

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Transcript of Architectural History

STEPHANIE TJOKRO
110027888
IVON THOMAS
110028070
GRACE OCTAVIA
110029288
JUAN ALBERT TJHIN
110028153

Country with 17.508
islands with 5 main
islands :
Jawa
Sumatera
Kalimantan
Sulawesi
Irian Jaya
On 17 August 1945, Indonesia declared its independence from the Netherlands.
The Dutch officially recognize Indonesia’s independence on 1949 which was 4 years later
It is represent by the flag which is red and white in color.
INDEPENDENCE
Main Language : Bahasa Indonesia
Vernacular Language : Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Bugis, Balinese, Batak
LANGUAGE
Yavadvipa and Suvarnadvipa
Jawi
Nanyang
East Indies
Insulindia
Nusantara
Indonesia
OLD NAME OF INDONESIA
INTRODUCTION
GMT +9
GMT +8
GMT +7
TIMEZONE
Population in Indonesia (July 2012): 248,216,193
The largest ethnic in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up 41% of the total population.
The Chinese Indonesian population makes up a little less than 1% of the total Indonesian population according to the 2000 census.
POPULATION
POPULATION IN INDONESIA
Micronesians
Polynesians
Proto-Austronesians
Balinese
ETHNIC GROUPS
Divided into 4 main ethnic groups
Melanesian(Melayu)
Proto-Austronesian (Wajaks , Irianese-Irian Jaya)
Polynesians (Ambonese),
Micronesian (found on the eastern tiny islands of Indonesia)
Map of Ethnic Groups Dividement in Indonesia
Wayang Kulit
Topeng Dance
INDONESIAN CULTURE
Dance :
Piring Dance (Minangkabau)
Saman Dance (Aceh)
Reog Ponorogo Dance (Ponorogo)
Topeng Dance (West Java)
Drama and Theatre
Wayang Kulit (Java and Bali)
Ludruk (Java)
Ketoprak (Java)
Randai (Minangkabau)
Toraja Wood Carving
Gamelan
Music :
Gamelan (East and Central Java, Bali)
Sasando (West Timor)
Degung (West Java)
Angklung (West Java)
Keroncong (Portugal)
Dangdut (India)
Art :
Kenyah Decorative Art
Toraja Wood Carving
ARCHITE
CTURE OF IN
DONESIA
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE
Also known
as “Rumah
Adat”
Center of cust
oms, social
rel
ations, tra
di
tional
l
aws, taboos,
m
yths and religions that
bi
nd the villagers
together.
Palace
(Istana) design is mostly not
based
on vernacular adat
archit
ectu
re styles
of the area
The design is gra
nder and more
elaborate
PALACE ARCHITECTURE
In the Javanese Kraton, for ex
ample, large
pendopos of the joglo roof form with
tumpand sari
ornamentation are elaborate but based on

common Javanese forms, while the omo sebua

(chief’s house) in Bawomataluo, Nias is an en
large
version of the homes in the villages.
Stadhuis Batavia
Kota Tua, Jakarta
One of the f
irst major Dutch
settlements w
as Batavia (later
n
amed Jakarta)
which in the 17
th and 18th cent
uries was a forti
fied brick and
masonry city.
Starte
d around 16th-17th
centur
ies. Arrival of European
powers
in Indonesia. Used brick
and ma
sonry on their
constructio
n. Before that
Indonesia
used a lot of timber
for constru
ction.
COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE
Borobudur Temple
Has been widespread in Indonesia and it's the most significant development of religious architecture is in Java.
The island’s long tradition of religious syncretism extended to architecture, which fostered uniquely Javanese styles of Hindu, Buddhist, Islamic and to a lesser extent, Christian architecture.
RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE
Traditional House of Central Java: Joglo House
Joglos are famous traditional buildings in Central Java, Indonesia.
Only wealthy people or noble society could afford to purchase a Joglo.
Main entrance doors or “Gebyok” were luxuriously hand carved, pillars could be lavishly ornaments, size and shape of the building would carry social status.
MATERIALS
Wood Plank
Red Brick
Jati Wood
CHARACTERISTICS
High roof
A lot of Carving
Ornaments
Traditional House of Minangkabau People in West Sumatra.
Long and Large Rectangular Plan which surrounded by smaller homes for married sisters or daughters of parents family, cooking and storage areas.
have women sleeping quarters set into alcoves which located in a row against the rear wall and curtained off by the vast interior space of the main living area.
Traditional House of West Sumatra: Gadang House
Traditional House of West Sumatra: Gadang House
Traditional House of Central Java: Joglo House
Traditional House of Central Java: Joglo House
Traditional House of Central Java: Joglo House
Metal Tile
Sago Palm
Woven Bamboo
Surian Wood
MATERIALS
Traditional House of West Sumatra: Gadang House
CHARACTERISTICS
Gonjong
Singkok
Pereng
Anjuang
Dindiang ari
Dindiang tapi
Papan banyak
Papan sakapiang
Salangko
Traditional House of West Sumatra: Gadang House
Gonjong
Bufallo horn roof
Singkok
Triangle Wall under roof
Pereng
Shelf under singkok
Anjuang
Raised Floor
Dindiang ari
Side elevations wall
Gonjong
Singkok
ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS
Dindiang tapi
Front and rear elevation wall
Papan banyak
Front Facade
Papan sakapiang
Middle band on periphery of house
Salangko
Wall enclosing space under house
that has been built on stilts
Traditional House of West Sumatra: Gadang House
Motifs Covered Wall
Carved Ornamentation
Features
Traditional House of West Sumatra: Gadang House
Traditional House of East Kalimantan: Lamin House
Lamin House Interior
CHARACTERISTICS
Dayak heritage house, especially in East Borneo (East Kalimantan)
Raised up house to 3 meters from the ground level.
Up to 25 meters width and 200 m length
The house is divided into 2 parts, first is the parts that consist of some kind of living room, and the other parts is for the bedrooms.
Traditional House of East Kalimantan: Lamin House
Traditional House of East Kalimantan: Lamin House
CHARACTERISTICS

2 Parts of supporting columns which for supporting house from ground to roof and to support the block of house’s floors.
This house is decorated by Dayak ornaments that has a philosohy meaning behind it.
The Colours that used in Rumah Lamin has it own meaning: yellow colour is to represent authority, red colour represent bravery, blue colour represent the loyal, and white colour represent cleanliness of the soul.
Traditional House of North Sulawesi: Walewangkoa House
Traditional House of North Sulawesi: Walewangkoa House
Walewangka House is a traditional house from Minahasa, North Sulawesi.
also known as Rumah Pewaris.
During the old days, this Rumah Walewangka only consist of 1 room.
Rumah Pewaris (Rumah Walewangka) has 2 stairs on the right side and left side in front of the house. One of the characteristic and uniqueness of this house is the shape of the stairs, which in X shape.
Traditional House of North Sulawesi: Walewangkoa House
Traditional House of Central Papua: Honai House
Traditional house of the mountainous community in central Papua
Honai House according to user divided into three types :
Honai : for men
Ebei : for women
Wamai : for pig cage
Traditional House of Central Papua: Honai House
There men and women live in separate areas of the Honai, usually the men sleep circled around in the ground floor, with the head in the middle and foot on the edge outside, likewise the women sleep on the first floor.
The women and children lived in same house, but if the boys grown up they move into their father’s Honai. 
The ground floor and the first floor are connected with a ladder from bamboo.
3 different buildings according to functions.
Resting place (sleep),
Eat together in a crowd
Livestock pen.
Traditional House of Central Papua: Honai House
MATERIAL
Rough Wood Plank
Dried Grass
Woven Bamboo
Sago Palm
Traditional House of Central Papua: Honai House
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_Indonesia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Indonesia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_Indonesia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Indonesia
http://indonesia.gr/indonesian-culture-arts-and-traditions/
http://kontraktorrumahkita.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/joglo-modern2.jpg
http://pureindonesia.blogspot.com/2009/12/traditional-house-from-papuaindonesia.html
http://globalwindow.wordpress.com/2009/01/23/honai-house/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Indonesia
http://www.mapsofworld.com/indonesia/independence-day.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesian_National_Revolution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Indonesia
http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Indonesia-ETHNIC-GROUPS.html#b
References
TERIMA KASIH
Thank You
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