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1960's

The history of U.S.A. of the 1960's.
by

Andrew Pugh

on 25 May 2011

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Transcript of 1960's

The History of U.S.A. in the 1960's. 1960 - Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho Released. - First Televised Presidential Debates. - The first laser was Invented by:
Theodore Maiman(U.S.A.) 1961 - Bay of Pigs Invasion. - Peace corps founded. 1962 - Andy Warhol exhibits his
Campbell's Soap can. - Cuban Missile Crisis. - Marilyn Monroe found dead. 1963 - Muhammad Ali becomes World Heavyweight
Champion. - JFK Assassinated. - Martin Luther King Jr. makes
his "I Have a Dream" Speech. 1964 - Civil Rights Act passes in U.S. - The Ford Mustang launches. 1965 - Malcolm X Assassinated. - NYC Great Blackout. - U.S. sends Troops to Vietnam. 1966 - Black Panther Party
Established. - Mass draft protest in U.S. - Star Trek T.V. Series Airs. 1967 - First Heart Transplant. - First Super Bowl. - Three U.S. Astronauts Killed
During Simulated Launch. - The Ford Shelby is introduced. 1968 1969 - Martin Luther King Jr.
Assassinated. - Robert F. Kennedy Assassinated. - Tet Offensive. - Rock-and-Roll Concert at Woodstock. - Charles Manson and "Family" Arrested. - Apollo 11. In September 1962, the Cuban and Soviet governments began to build bases in Cuba for a number of medium-range and intermediate-range nuclear missiles with the ability to strike most of the continental United States during that time JFK was president of U.S.A. American physicist who made the first LASER. Maiman received many awards and honors for his work, and was the author of a book titled The Laser Odyssey, which describes the events surrounding the creation of the first laser. The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government, in an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro. The invasion was launched in April 1961, less than three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States. The Cuban armed forces, trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations, defeated the invading combatants within three days. On March 17, 1960 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower approved a document
prepared by the 5412 Committee, at a meeting of the US National Security
Council. The stated first objective of the plan began as follows. - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower in office
1953 - 1961 - JFK came our 35th president
of U.S.A. - Lyndon B. Johnson became our 36th
president of the U.S.A. - Richard Nixon came our 37th president
of U.s.a. The thirty-fifth President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was fatally shot while traveling with his wife Jacqueline, Texas governor John Connally, and the latter's wife, Nellie, in a Presidential motorcade. The President was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald acting alone and that Jack Ruby acted alone when he killed Oswald before he could stand trial. "I Have a Dream" is a 17 minute public
speech by Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered
on August 28, 1963, in which he called for
racial equality and an end to discrimination. Malcolm X began to speak to a meeting of the Organization of Afro-American Unity when a disturbance broke out in the crowd
of 400. A man yelled, As Malcolm X and his bodyguards moved
to quiet the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot him in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun. Two other men charged the stage and fired handguns, hitting him 16 times. Furious on
lookers caught and beat one of the assassins as the others
fled the ballroom. Malcolm X was pronounced dead at 3:30 p.m. The Northeast Blackout of 1965 was a significant disruption in the supply of electricity on November 9, 1965, affecting Ontario, Canada and Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, New York, and New Jersey in the United States. Over 30 million people and 80,000 square miles were left without electricity for up to 12 hours. The U.S. government viewed involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam and part of their wider strategy of containment. The North Vietnamese government viewed the war as a colonial war, fought initially against France, backed by the U.S., and later against South Vietnam, which it regarded as a U.S. puppet state. U.S. military advisors arrived beginning in 1950. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s, with U.S. troop levels tripling in 1961 and tripling again in 1962. U.S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Operations spanned borders, with Laos and Cambodia heavily bombed. Involvement peaked in 1968 at the time of the Tet Offensive. After this, U.S. ground forces were withdrawn as part of a policy called Vietnamization. Despite the Paris Peace Accords, signed by all parties in January 1973, fighting continued. The 1960’s was the beginning of the Black
Power movement through the Black Panthers
who fought against racism in the U.S. American criminal who led what became known as the Manson Family, a quasi-commune that arose in California in the late 1960’s. He was found guilty of conspiracy to commit the Tate/LaBianca murders carried out by members of the group at his instruction. He was convicted of the murders through the joint-responsibility rule, which makes each member of a conspiracy guilty of crimes his fellow conspirators commit in furtherance of the conspiracy's object. Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on Earth's Moon on July 20, 1969. The mission, carried out by the United States, is considered a major accomplishment in the history of exploration. A music festival, billed as "An Aquarian Exposition: 3 Days of Peace & Music" It was held at Max Yasgur's 600-acres. Dairy farm near the hamlet of White Lake in the town of Bethel, New York, from August 15 to August 18, 1969 Bethel, in Sullivan County, is 43 miles southwest of the town of Woodstock, New York, in adjoining Ulster County. During the sometimes rainy weekend, thirty-two acts performed outdoors in front of 500,000 concert-goers. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most pivotal moments in popular music history and was listed among Rolling Stone's 50 Moments That Changed the History of Rock and Roll. The event was captured in the successful 1970 documentary movie Woodstock, an accompanying soundtrack album, and Joni Mitchell's song "Woodstock" which commemorated the event and became a major hit for Crosby, Stills, Nash Young. Prominent American leader of the African-American civil rights movement and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968, at the age of 39. On June 10, 1968, James Earl Ray, a fugitive from the Missouri State Penitentiary, was arrested in London at Heathrow Airport, extradited to the United States, and charged with the crime. On March 10, 1969, Ray entered a plea of guilty and was sentenced to 99 years in the Tennessee state penitentiary. Ray later made many attempts to withdraw his guilty plea and be tried by a jury, but was unsuccessful, he died in prison on April 23, 1998, at the age of 70. The assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, a United States Senator and brother of assassinated President John F. Kennedy, took place shortly after midnight on June 5, 1968, in Los Angeles, California. After winning the California primary election for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States, Kennedy was shot as he walked through the kitchen of the Ambassador Hotel and died in the Good Samaritan Hospital twenty-six hours later. Sirhan Sirhan, a twenty-four year old Palestinian immigrant, was convicted of Kennedy's murder and is serving a life sentence for the crime. The shooting was recorded on audio tape by a freelance newspaper reporter, and the aftermath was captured on film The Tet Offensive was a military campaign during the Vietnam War that began on January 31, 1968. Regular and irregular forces of the People's Army of Vietnam fought against the forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), the United States, and their allies. The purpose of the offensive was to strike military and civilian command and control centers throughout South Vietnam and to spark a general uprising among the population that would then topple the Saigon government, thus ending the war in a single blow The First AFL-NFL World Championship Game in professional American football, later known as Super Bowl I and referred to in some contemporary reports as the Supergame, was played on January 15, 1967 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California. The National Football League champion Green Bay Packers scored 3 second-half touchdowns route to a 35-10 win over the American Football League champion Kansas City Chiefs. Marilyn Monroe was found dead in the bedroom of her Brentwood home by her psychoanalyst Ralph S. Greenson after he was called by Monroe's housekeeper Eunice Murray on August 5, 1962. She was 36 years old at the time of her death. Her death was ruled to be "acute barbiturate poisoning" by Dr. Thomas Noguchi of the Los Angeles County Coroners office and listed as "probable suicide". Many individuals, including Jack Clemmons, the first Los Angeles Police Department officer to arrive at the death scene, believe that she was murdered. No murder charges were ever filed. The death of Marilyn Monroe has since become one of the most debated conspiracy theories Introduced early on April 17, 1964, the 1965 Mustang was the automaker's most successful launch since the Model A. The model is Ford's third oldest nameplate in production and has undergone several transformations to its current fifth generation. The Shelby Mustang is a high performance variant of the Ford Mustang which was built by Shelby American from 1965 through 1970. Following the introduction of the fifth generation Ford Mustang, the Shelby nameplate was revived in 2007 for new high performance versions of the Mustang. - Shelby makes the GT500. Still today is still covering it up.
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