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Katie Hicks

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Sport

Sport comes in various forms, from teams to single participants. It involves physical activity at different levels while entertaining spectators and fans alike. The following sports (Tennis, Soccer, Basketball and Netball) will be focussed on, paying particular attention to the history and rules of the sport, famous players or teams and how different the sport is played across the world. Sport is an essential part of a culture in most societies and has a vast and interesting influence on all age groups. Enjoy exploring some of the sports known widely in today's world.
Tennis- By Abbey Douglas
Katie Hicks
Famous Teams/Players
Famous players/clubs
David Beckham biography (2013) The biography channel, Retrieved 3 September 2013. from

Manchester United F.C. (2013). Retrieved September 5, 2013, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchester_United_F.C.

Cristiano Ronaldo. (2013) The Biography Channel Website. Retrieved September 03,2013 from http://www.biography.com/people/cristiano-ronaldo-555730

Stewart, P. (2005, May 8). Brief History of LFC. Retrieved September 4, 2013, from This is Anfield: http://www.thisisanfield.com/clubinfo/history/
David Beckham
Rules of Soccer
Famous players
Rules of Tennis
Tennis around the world
The precise origins of tennis are disputed but the most agreed upon location of the early foundations of tennis is that of Italy. According to most, the game was played in fifth century Tuscany when villagers struck balls in the street with their bare hands (Gittings, 2010).
It is commonly thought that "Real Tennis" reached its peak in popularity in the 16th century. Francis I of France was known for his love and passion of the game Tennis. With his passion for the game, it grew in popularity among Europe and many courts were built during this period. The rules and equipment commonly played with today, was defined and concreted in Francis' reign from 1515-47 (Gittings, 2010).
There are many famous Tennis players around the world.

Here are just a few:
Rod Laver
An 11-time Grand Slam winner, Laver was a dominant force in the 1960s. In both 1962 and 1969, he won the Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon and U.S. Open in the same year. He is the only player in the Open era to accomplish such a feat (Talty, 2012).
Rafael Nadal
Nadal is arguably the greatest clay court player of all time with seven French Open titles. He has also won 35 singles tournaments on the surface. Though he is seen primarily as a clay court player, he has managed to win all four Grand Slams - he has 11 titles -- all while facing competition from greats such as Federer and Novak Djokovic. He also holds a coveted Olympic gold medal from the 2008 Beijing Games (Talty, 2012).
Roger Federer
Federer tops the list as a 16-time Grand Slam winner, and six-time ATP World Tour Finals winner. The Swiss star spent 285 weeks at the No.1 spot in the rankings. His versatile and effortless game has won him all four Grand Slams, including six Wimbledon, five U.S. Open, one French Open, and four Australian Open titles (Talty, 2012).
Maria Sharapova
Sharapova is a former World No. 1 Russian professional tennis player and three time Grand Slam champion. In 2004 at the age of 17, she won Wimbledon, defeating Serena Williams in the final (FamousWhy, 2013).
The earliest form of soccer was seen in China in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Evidence also supports the Romans and Greeks playing the game by "dribbling leather balls into a small net" (Jezek 2006). The game then took form in England in the 19th century, with the first clubs establishing in 1855. Soccer then began to spread internationally in the 1880's with Europe, Asia and South Americans all playing the beautiful game (Pavao, 2009).
Soccer is now played in over 200 countries, making it the world’s most popular game.

soccer in the early days
Soccer Today
The rules of Soccer are very detailed and strict. The video below is told by a professional player, who effectively illustrates the basic rules of Soccer for beginners. Take a look!!
Manchester United
David Beckham

Beckham is an English footballer who
made his depute in 1992 for Manchester
united at the age of 17. Since then he has
played for AC Milan, Real Madrid and LA Galaxy.
In 2004 Beckham became the highest paying
footballer in the world.
In may 2013 he announced his retirement.
(David Beckham, 2013)
It is not so much a variation in the game of tennis itself, but the surface and environment in which tennis is played around the world.
At the Australian Open players compete under the blazing Melbourne sun, while at the French Open they play in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower (BBC, 2013).

Rod Laver arena
The main difficulty for today's players is that each of the tournaments is played on a different type of surface.
Different types of courts have different effects on the pace and bounce of the ball (BBC, 2013).
Indoor courts
There are four types of different surfaces in which Tennis is played world-Wide:
Indoor courts
The US and Australian Grand Slam tournaments feature hardcourt surfaces. Typically constructed from plastic or cement, this "fast" surface results in short rallies that favor hard serves, The amount of sand in the topcoat and the type of substrate underneath affect ball speed, although many professionals consider hardcourt the most democratic of surfaces in terms of playing style (Bigelow, 2013).
The courts at the All England Tennis Club (the host of Wimbledon) feature grass. The grass surface moves the ball the fastest of every Grand Slam surface because it lets the ball slide. Constant mowing and frequent watering make grass courts expensive to maintain; as a result, they are unusual (Bigelow, 2013).
The French Open features red clay courts. Comprised of crushed natural materials such as shale or brick, the clay court moves the ball the slowest of all surfaces (Bigelow, 2013).
Indoor tennis facilities most commonly use carpet surfaces -- such as rubber -- and these surfaces vary greatly in terms of texture and material. Indoor courts also use suspended surfaces, which helps players avoid knee and ankle stress because of its shock-absorbing qualities (Bigelow, 2013).
Who serves first is usually decided by the toss of a coin, with the other person being given choice of which end of the court to start at. The person serving first (the server) will attempt to put the ball into the other side of the court to the receiver (realbuzz.com, 2013).
Tennis serve
Each tennis player stands on opposite sides of the net using a racket to hit a ball back and forth, with the intention of preventing the other player getting the ball back in play.
Each player has a maximum of one bounce after the ball has been hit by their opponent to return the ball over the net and within the boundaries of the court. If they fail to do this, then the opponent wins the point (realbuzz.com, 2013).

The server must be behind the baseline when serving, if not the serve is deemed a fault. If the server misses his target twice, that is a double-fault and he or she loses the point (realbuzz.com, 2013).
Scoring system for Tennis
The Tennis net
The Tennis court
If the ball goes into the net and then lands back on the side of the player who hit the ball, then that player loses the point.
If the ball hits the net during the point and goes into the opponent’s court, the ball is in play.
A player loses the point if he touches the net with his racket or any part of their body, intentionally or not (realbuzz.com, 2013).
If the ball goes straight out of the opponent’s court without bouncing, then the point is lost.
A ball that lands on any part of the line is deemed in (realbuzz.com, 2013).

Cristiano Ronaldo is a portuguese footballer, who made his depute on 20th August 2003 for Portugal. In 2007 he won player of the year award and was also voted footballer of the year.
Ronaldo is considered to be one of the best footballers in the world, and in the history of the game.
(Cristiano Ronaldo, 2013)

Liverpool Early Days
Liverpool is an English Football club, established in 1892. The club has won several awards, including 3 European cups, 5 FA Cups and 3 UEFA Cups. The club has been managed by several managers such as; George Kay, Don Welsh, Phil Taylor and Bill Shankly, who all took over the club at different times, and all had achieved high records/awards with the club
Liverpool FC today
Soccer isn't exactly played differently in different countries, the same rules apply and all countries play under those rules. Although, there has been different variations to the sport in terms of the different forms soccer has evolved into such as; futsal, freestyle soccer and beach soccer.
Variations to the sport
Futsal is played indoors, on a smaller pitch with 5 players each side. There is unlimited substitution, and the ball being smaller than a regular soccer ball. Some aspects of soccer are seen in futsal, with the same rules like hand balls etc still apply. Futsal is a very close variant to the game soccer (Margues, 2009)
Freestyle Soccer
freestyle soccer is about expressing yourself and showing off your skills for spectators. Formal rules don't apply, you can use any part of your body except yours hands to perform tricks. This variation of the sport soccer began in the 1990's. (Freestyle Football Federation, 2013)
Beach Soccer
beach soccer is another variant to the original game of soccer. Beach soccer is played on a beach or sand, and was formally founded in 1992, when tournaments/ matches began to develop, by 'Beach Soccer Worldwide'. Who currently still organise formal matches. The rules of beach soccer are similar to the original game of soccer, but played without shoes and is more for skill and accuracy not fitness. And again, the aim of the game is to score as many goals as you can (Beach soccer Worldwide, 2013)

Reference List

Jezek, G. (2006). The History of Soccer. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from Soccer History: http://www.historyofsoccer.info/

Pavao, C. (2009). A Brief History of Soccer. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from History-of-soccer.org: http://www.history-of-soccer.org/a-brief-history-of-soccer.html

By Dean McLennan
Famous Players
Famous Teams

The Chicago Bulls
The Chicago bulls are part of the National Basketball Association and they are based in Chicago, Illinois. The team was founded in 1966 and has won a total of six NBA championships between 1991 and 1998. Michael Jordon led all six of the championship teams. The Chicago bulls are the only team in the NBA to win 72 games during the 1995-96 season.

Wikipedia (n.d.). Chicago Bulls. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Bulls - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.cS3xMlzS.dpuf

Los Angeles Lakers
The Los Angeles Lakers are based in Los Angeles, California. The Lakers are one of the most successful teams in the NBA and have won a total of 16 championships. The Los Angeles Lakers hold the longest winning streak of 33 straight games during the 1971-72 season. Some of the famous players that have played for the Los Angeles Lakers include Shaquille O’Neal and Kobe Bryant.

Wikipedia (n.d.). Los Angeles Lakers. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Lakers - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.KTK2G4BX.dpuf

Lakers Team Photo 2013

Basketball Court Layout
Types Of Basketball Courts
Outdoor basketball courts are usually fairly simple in their materials and construction. Many courts are simply poured concrete.
After the concrete has been poured and smoothed flat, the lines of the court are painted on top, and a sealant is used on the court to protect it from weather and normal wear. College and street basketball is commonly played on this surface

Majority of indoor basketball courts are made out of hardwood floors. These are seen commonly in the Professional basketball league and also very common in the college basketball league.
The advantage the indoor court has over the outside is that a game can be played in all types of weather conditions.
Credibility of online sources used
I have utilized a number of informational online sources for this Prezi presentation. Most of the websites are produced by professional tennis organisations or authored by online blogger’s or freelance journalists.
I have referred to online sources that are popular and have had a high number of views and comments. This strengthens the claim that the sources are reliable because a wide population of internet users have read, commented and accepted a particular source. Any changes to the topic of Tennis would be recorded and updated on these particular sites for everyone to read and share among different online sources for continued learning.

Reference List
BBC. (2013). Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/sportacademy/hi/sa/tennis/features/newsid_2209000/2209710.stm

Bigelow, L. (2013). Differences between types of Tennis court surfaces. Demand Media. Retrieved from http://healthyliving.azcentral.com/differences-between-types-tennis-court-surfaces-1141.html

FamousWhy. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.famouswhy.com/List/10_Most_Famous_Tennis_Players/107.html

Gittings, P. (2010). A short history of tennis: Henry VIII to Federer the great. Cable News Network. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2010/SPORT/tennis/04/14/history.of.tennis.federer.henryIII/index.html

realbuzz.com. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.realbuzz.com/articles/the-rules-of-tennis/

Talty, J. (2012). Top 10 Tennis Players of All Time. International Business Times. Retrieved from http://www.ibtimes.com/top-10-tennis-players-all-time-704359

Youtube video:
WatchMojo.com. (2008, March 5). How to keep score in Tennis. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVXhBccQH4E
Murray, C. (2009, November). Soccer Training Tips: Basic Soccer Rules & Regulations. Retrieved September 8, 2013, from Youtube:://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oe5xaGyzS4U
Marques, M. (2009). Futsal. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from Futsal.com: http://www.futsal.com.au/

Freestyle Football Federation. (2013). All you need is a ball. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from Freestyle Football Federation: http://freestylefootball.org/

The History of Beach Soccer. (2013). Retrieved August 21, 2013, from Beach Soccer Worldwide: http://www.beachsoccer.com/sport?section=history

Throughout this presentation the sources used were carefully selected and thoroughly checked to ensure; credibility, currency and each author's credentials. The majority of the sources used in this presentation were produced by either, professional soccer players, or sport journalists who are experts in there field. I chose sources that had higher hits/comments which evidently suggest that the sources are accepted and reliable. The sources used are up-to-date, knowledgeable, credible and provide a very detailed and comprehensive informational research on the topic, Soccer.
Credibility of online sources used
Manchester United
Manchester United is a professional English football club founded in 1878. The club has won many prestigious awards, including 20 league titles and 11 FA cups. Manchester United is one of the most wealthiest and renowned clubs in the world

Soccer field layout
(watchmojo.com, 2008)

A Canadian physician invented basketball in December of 1891 by the name of James Naismith. The first ball that was used in a game was a soccer ball.
The game involves elements from soccer, hockey and American football. Teams had a total of nine players and the goals where made out of wooden peach baskets affixed to the walls. From 1897-1898 teams of five became standard.
The game than rapidly grew nationwide and around the world.
The first pro league was the formed in 1898 and was named the National Basketball League. From 1898-1949 there were two major leagues in operation, they where the National Basketball League and the Basketball Association of America, The two major leagues decided to merge and they created National Basketball Association (NBA), which is the largest league at played today throughout the United States

Koh, C. (n.d.). History Of Basketball. Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/10615/no-frames/basketball/history.html - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.KFTm24th.dpuf

Shaquille O'Neal
Shaq O’Neal is a retired professional basketball player. During his time playing in the NBA he played 19 seasons and won 10 championships. His main played position was the centre position. He played for many professional teams including the Orlando Magic and Boston Celtics. Shaq retired from professional basketball on June 11 2011.

ESPN (n.d.). Shaq O'Neal. Retrieved from http://espn.go.com/nba/player/bio/_/id/614/shaquille-oneal - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.IssBFuBq.dpuf

Michael Jordon
Michael Jordon is claimed to be one of the greatest basketball players of all time. He was drafted into the NBA in 1984 by the Chicago bulls. Michael Jordon and the Chicago bulls won three NBA championships in a row until 1993 when he announced his retirement from professional basketball in that same year. In early 1995 Michael decided to come out of retirement and play with the Chicago bulls once again until his final retirement in January 1999.

IMDB (n.d.). Michael Jorden Bio. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0003044/bio - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.8iArLZhz.dpuf

Rules Of Basketball
There are many rules within the game of basketball and they very from each league; here is some of the common rules below.

• A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at a good speed if he tries to stop.
• The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands.
• The ball must be held in or between the hands; the arms or body must not be used for holding it.

Rules Of Basketball Cont.
• The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both.
• A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violation of rules three and four and such described in rule five.
• No shouldering, holding, striking, pushing, or tripping in any way of an opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next basket is made or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No substitution shall be allowed.
• A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and stays there (without falling), providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edges, and the opponent moves the basket, it shall count as a goal.
• If either side makes three consecutive fouls, it shall count a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the mean time making a foul).
• When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field of play and played by the first person touching it. In case of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on that side.

Wikipedia (n.d.). Rules Of basketball. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rules_of_basketball - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.8qXU1fXn.dpuf

Department of Sport And Recreation (n.d.). Basketball Court. Retrieved from http://www.dsr.wa.gov.au/basketballdimension - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.RrpwC3EH.dpuf
Variations Of Basketball

Formerly known as women’s basketball is a limited contact team sport in which two teams of seven try to score points by placing a ball through a high hoop.

Is a full contact basketball game with trampolines located below the padded basketball ring, points are scored the same way as basketball by placing the ball through the ring
Wikipedia (n.d.). Variations of Basketball. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variations_of_basketball - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.5POIYjnB.dpuf

Reference List
Koh, C. (n.d.). History Of Basketball. Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/10615/no-frames/basketball/history.html - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.KFTm24th.dpuf
Wikipedia (n.d.). Rules Of basketball. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rules_of_basketball - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.8qXU1fXn.dpuf
Department of Sport And Recreation (n.d.). Basketball Court. Retrieved from http://www.dsr.wa.gov.au/basketballdimension - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.RrpwC3EH.dpuf
Wikipedia (n.d.). Chicago Bulls. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Bulls - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.cS3xMlzS.dpuf
Wikipedia (n.d.). Los Angeles Lakers. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Lakers - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.KTK2G4BX.dpuf
IMDB (n.d.). Michael Jorden Bio. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0003044/bio - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.8iArLZhz.dpuf
ESPN (n.d.). Shaq O'Neal. Retrieved from http://espn.go.com/nba/player/bio/_/id/614/shaquille-oneal - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.IssBFuBq.dpuf
Wikipedia (n.d.). Variations of Basketball. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variations_of_basketball - See more at: http://reffor.us/index.php#sthash.5POIYjnB.dpuf
A wealth of knowledge can be gained when looking at sports in greater detail. Soccer, Tennis, Basketball and Netball have strong histories but still remain relevant and enjoyable today by both spectators and players alike. The rules each game plays by hasn't changed much since it's birth and many famous players or teams have been recorded in history books. With a World-Wide acceptance and love of these sports, many schools incorporate this into daily activities and matches. This creates (apart from many health benefits) an early appreciation for the sport with years to develop skills for fun or for serious games.
Kim Callcott
Credibility of online sources used
The sources used for this presentation were gained from sources which were researched and checked for authenticity. The majority of information was sourced from the professional bodies governing Netball or from official government sites. Cross-referencing ensured that accurate information was provided in the presentation.
Netball was developed initially as a variation to basketball in the late 1890’s in England.
Ladies Basketball as it was known originally officially became Netball in 1901 when the first set of rules were established in England.
In Australia, Women's Basketball continued until 1970 when it changed to Netball. (Netball Australia, 2013)
Netball is predominantly a female sport however, mixed competitions and male only competitions are growing. It is still played and most popular in Commonwealth nations. It is reported that 20 million people participate worldwide in more than 80 countries.
Famous Players / Team
Liz Ellis AM
Liz Ellis played predominantly in the Goal Keeper position and was a member of the Australian team along with the Sydney Swifts.
She was in the Australian team from 1992-2007 and captain from 2004-2007. She also captained the Sydney Swifts from 2002-2007. Liz still holds the title of most capped international player for Australian netball.
In 2009, she became a Member of the Order of Australia (AM.) (Liz Ellis, 2012)

Irene van Dyk MNZM
Irene van Dyk moved to New Zealand in 2000 from South Africa where she commenced her netball career in 1994. Her move to New Zealand was slightly controversial as she was selected for the national team, the Silver Ferns almost immediately.
Her commanding height of 6ft 3in keeps the best defenders on their toes at all times.
In 2004, she was awarded the Halberg Award for NZ Sportswoman of the year and in 2009, awarded the NZ Order of Merit. (Irene van Dyk, 2013)
Australian Diamonds
The Australian Diamonds are currently ranked 2nd in the world, losing the top spot to the New Zealand Silver Ferns. Whether at Netball World Championships, Commonwealth Games or series such as the Holden Test Series or Constellation Cup, the rivalry between the two countries (similar to other sports) is increasingly intense.
The Head Coach of the Diamonds is Lisa Alexander and Captain is Laura Geitz.
The Netball Australia YouTube channel created a video depicting the Australian and New Zealand rivalry throughout the years. (Australian Netball Diamonds, 2013)
Australian Diamonds cont'd
1969 Australian team
2012/2013 Australian team
www.youtube.com, 2011
Netball Rules
As mentioned, there are many rules which make up the game of netball. The rules which set it apart from other team sports include:
Held Ball - a player can only hold onto the ball for three seconds and must pass or shoot for goal within three seconds of receiving the ball.
Short Pass - there must always be room for a third player to move in between the hands of the thrower and those of the receiver when passing
Obstruction - a player with arms extended cannot defender a player with the ball, closer than 3 ft.
Netball Positions
In a standard netball game, there are 7 players who take the court:
Goal Keeper
Goal Defence
Wing Defence
Wing Attack
Goal Attack
Goal Shooter
Netball Rules and Positions
Netball is another team sport which has specific rules that are detailed and can be strict.
The video below effectively goes into the key rules players are required to know when either watching or playing netball along with the different positions on court and the restrictions for each player regarding movement on court. It was produced by Shock Absorber Netball Academy at intosport.com.
Variations of Netball
Netball is governed by the International Netball Federation (INF) and all participating nations follow the rules established by INF therefore there are no variation to the rules in different nations.
The INF have however, developed two other formats to increase participation:
Fast Net / Fast5 and Beach Netball.
Fast Net / Fast5
Fast Net was developed in 2009 with a 6-a-side format and launched at the World Series Netball in the same year. Following a review, this was developed into a 5-a-side game called Fast5.
The main differences between 7-a-side netball and Fast5 include:
Four quarters of 6 minutes each
Power Play - this is chosen at the commencement of the match for a specific quarter and during the Power Play quarter, all goal points scored are doubled
2 and 3 goal points - these shots are taken outside of the goal circle (netball.org, 2013)
Beach Netball
Teams may register up to 6 players with a maximum of 4 players on court at any one time.

In Beach netball, the two significant differences to a standard 7-a-side netball game:
Matches are shorter, two x 5 minutes halves with a minute half time break
All players are permitted to shoot a goal

Beach Netball is still relatively new to the netball landscape.

Reference List
Netball Australia. (2013). History of Netball. Retrieved August 27, 2013, from Netball Australia: http://www.netball.asn.au/extra.asp?id=30&OrgID=1&menu=10647

Netball Australia. (2013). Pacific Netball Partnerships. Retrieved August 27, 2013, from Netball Australia: http://www.netball.asn.au/PhotoGal.asp?PgId=3067

Liz Ellis. (2012). Official Liz Ellis Website. Retrieved August 28, 2013, from Liz Ellis: http://www.lizellis.com.au/about

Australian Government. (2013). It’s an Honour. Retrieved August 28, 2013, from Australian Government: http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au/honours/honour_roll/search.cfm?aus_award_id=1139709&search_type=quick&showInd=true

Netball New Zealand. (2013). Silver Ferns Player Profiles. Retrieved August 31, 2013, from Netball New Zealand: http://www.mynetball.co.nz/silver-ferns/player-profiles/irene-van-dyk.html

Australian Diamonds. (2013). History of the Australian Diamonds. Retrieved September 1, 2013, from Australian Netball Diamonds Website: http://www.australiannetballdiamonds.com.au/History-of-the-Australian-Diamonds/0,2721,12132,00.html

Netball Australia. (2013). Basic Rules of Netball. Retrieved September 3, 2013, from Netball Australia: http://www.netball.asn.au/extra.asp?id=783&OrgID=1&menu=10704

Netball Australia. (2013). Positions. Retrieved September 3, 2013, from Netball Australia: http://www.netball.asn.au/extra.asp?id=27&OrgID=1&menu=10707

International Netball Federation. (2013). Formats of the Sport. Retrieved September 3. 2013, from International Netball Federation: http://www.netball.org/netball/formats-of-the-sport

Netfest Gold Coast. (2013). Beach Netball. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from Netfest 2013 Website: http://www.netfest.com.au/netball/beach-netball/

Youtube Video
Netball Australia. (2011). Australia vs New Zealand – The fiercest of rivals! Retrieved from
Intosport.com. (2010). Netball Game – Rules Introduction. Retrieved from
Creditability of Online Sources
The information was obtained from multiple sources to double check the validity of information. These sources included some government bodies and also some well know media distribution companies such as ESPN which is a well known, popular and creditable source of information
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