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Chapter 3 Culture
Transcript of Chapter 3 Culture
A Roman matron will wear a stola, a floor-length strapped dress without sleeves.
For going outdoors she will wear a palla, or a shawl. The palla was used to cover the head of the matron. This was a sign of modesty.
The toga of a senator
it is a plain white toga with a purple border or wide stripe called the lati clavi.
The Toga Praetexta was also worn by Roman boys and girls between the ages of 14-16 . The purple border had religious symbolism and was meant to protect Roman children from harm.
a locket containing an amulet or a charm to ward off evil and protect them from harm.
worn by boys at birth until they come of age
the bulla will be dedicated to the household gods, the Lares and Penates
soleae, Roman sandals
Worn by 16 year old boys upon coming of age. After they dedicated their bulla to the Lares and the Penates, they wore the Toga Virilis. Also called the toga alba or the toga pura. It was a plain white toga.
This was the bright toga; bleached white, worn by candidates for public office from the Latin word 'candida,' meaning "pure white."
The chalk to whiten the toga was called: "calx."
Known as the "dark toga," it was worn by people in mourning.
Known as the "painted toga" this was dyed, embroidered, and decorated. It was solid purple and embroidered with gold. During the Republic it was worn by generals after a triumph. During the Empire it was worn by magistrates giving public gladiatorial games.
The stola was worn over the tunica upon the marriage of the girl.
A Roman girl would tie her hair in woolen bands called the vittae, which symbolized purity.
This was for men.
This was the garment which expressed your status as a Roman citizen.
There were many different types of toga's, which were worn by different people groups and for different occasions.
The tunica was a garment woven with short sleeves.
Men's tunics came to their knees and women's tunics came to their feet.
During cold weather 2 tunics might be worn.
Tunics were worn under toga's\stola's.
Shoes worn by men called "calcei" had high lacing on the lower leg.
The color of the sandals denoted the status of the person wearing the shoe.
Senators wore black calcei.
Patricians wore red calcei.
Women wore shoes resembling slipper-socks called "calceoli."
Romans were dressed less formally in their homes or in the country.
They might wear sandals like the Greeks and a simple tunic.
At dinner parties Romans would wear a Greek garment called the "synthesis."
Children likely wore a simple white tunica at home and sandals.
Slaves were provided tunics by their masters (usually one a year), as well as wooden shoes, leather sandals, or they would go barefoot.
Since slaves were not citizens, they did not wear tunics with clavi (stripes), togas, or caligae (boots).
Sometimes slaves would wear the old garments of their masters if it was old, not too expensive, and not too bright of a color.
Slave-women's dresses were not quite as long as their mistress' dress. Also, the color and type of cloth would distinguish her garment from her mistress'.
Materials: Roman garments were typically made out of wool or linen for the summer months. Wool could be made at home or bought in a store.
Cloth could be dyed different colors i.e. brown, dark blue, dark green, bright yellow, red, and light blue.
Luxury cloth included: wool dyed purple, lavender or scarlet; and silks imported from China.
Silver and gold thread could be woven into cloth. This was reserved for the imperial family.