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Notice & Note [Nonfiction]
Transcript of Notice & Note [Nonfiction]
Meet the Signposts!
Contrast and Contradictions
When you're reading and the author shows you a difference between what you know and what is happening in the text, or a difference between two or more things in the text,
Stop and ask yourself:
"What is the difference and why does it matter?"
The answer will help you see details that show you the main idea, compare and contrast, understand the author's purpose, infer, make a generalization, notice cause and effect
What surprised me?
1. New Information ("I didn't know that!)
2. Suspicious Information ("Really? Is that true?")
3. Clarifying Information ("Oh! Now I get it!"
4. A different perspective ("I hadn't thought of it that way" or "How could anyone think that way?" or "This surprises me. Is there another way to see this?"
What did the author think I already know?
1. "The author thought we knew what this word means (vobaculary)
2. "The author thought I could picture this." (vizualize)
3. "The author thought I'd know something about this." (Prior knowledge)
4. "The author thought I'd get how this happens." (Sequencing or casual relationships)
What challenged, changed, or confirmed what I already knew?
1. We read nonfiction to learn something.
2. Learning is more than memorizing; it involves changing the way we think about an issue or an idea.
3. We can change in several ways. We can:
Confirm what we already thought
Modify our thinking
Change our minds completely
Extreme or Absolute Language
When you're reading and you notice the author uses language that leave no doubt, exaggerates, or pushes to the limit, you should stop and ask yourself:
"Why did the author says it like that?"
The answer will tell you something about the author's point of view and purpose. Or, you might realize the author is exaggerating to make you think a certain way.
Number and Stats
When you're reading and you notice specific numbers, number words or amounts, you should stop and ask yourself,
"Why did the author use these numbers or amounts?"
The answers might help you come to a conclusion, make a comparision, see the details, infer, find facts, or recognize evidence
When you're reading and you notice the author quotes a voice of authority, a personal perspective, or cited other's words, stop and ask yourself:
"Why did the author quote or cite this person?"
The answer will help you think about the author's point of view, purpose, bias, or conclusions. Often these words will give you a perspective, facts and opinions, or a generalization
When you're reading and the author uses a word or phrase you don't know, you should stop and ask yourself:
"Do I know this word from some place else?"
"Does this seem like technical talk for experts of this topic?"
"Can I find clues in the sentence to help me understand?"
The answers will help you decide if you need to look the word up, or keep reading for more information