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Transcript of child labour
Footballs are stitched by children from five years and older. 11% of the children are between five and nine, while 26% are between ten and twelve. The rest (63%) are thirteen or fourteen years old.
It's very difficult for these children to handle. Children who go to school and work have to shoulder a bigger work burden: nine hours when they are six and almost eleven hours when they are thirteen.
The world's largest producer of soccerballs and other inflatable balls is Pakistan following that is India. United Kingdom and other important European importing countries are France, Germany, Spain, Italy and The Netherlands, are imported from India and Pakistan. Besides inflatable balls, badminton rackets, shuttle cocks, cricket balls and bats, hockey sticks and different kinds of gloves and protective equipment are also made by children.
The children are primarily just stitching the soccer balls rather then making the entire balls. Other works cut up all the pieces and those are sent to the children who stitch them.
Football stitching by children, at whatever age, is not illegal.
Almost five years ago FIFA agreed on a 'Code of Labour Practice' with the International Federation of Trade Unions (ICFTU) for FIFA licensed products, particularly soccer balls. The code however was never signed. Instead, programs in Pakistan and recently in India were shown clauses on labor conditions that are based on the Code of Conduct of the World Federation of Sporting Goods Industry. Child Labour in the 21st Century
0,01 to 10% children at work
10 to 20% children at work
20 to 30% children at work
30 to 40% children at work
More than 40% children at work Child Labour Comparison
21st Century Child Labour Project Child labour in the 21st century Child labour in the Industrial Revolution Child Labour Comparison Worked hard hours for little or no pay.
Worked in horrible conditions
Help support their families
Laboured instead of going to school
Dangerous and hard jobs
Most factories now are sweatshop(a workplace where labor laws are not obeyed.)factories.
Children laboured in exchange for living quarters and food Most child labourers are employed by their parents rather than in manufacturing or formal economy.
Children who work for pay are usually found in rural settings, than urban centers.
Less than 3 percent of child labour aged 5–14 across the world work outside of their household, or away from their parents.
China and many other countires have acted upon and tried to prevent child labour.
Child labour is still practiced though, and is a problem generally in farming and small workshops, manufacturing.
Most child labour today; 60 percent of it was involved in agricultural activities such as farming, dairy, fisheries and forestry.
Another 25 percent of child labourers were in service activities such as retail, hawking goods, restaurants, load and transfer of goods, storage, picking and recycling trash, polishing shoes, domestic help, etc.
The remaining 15 percent laboured in assembly and manufacturing in home-based enterprises, factories, mines, packaging salt, operating machinery, and such operations.
There are different forms of Child Labour instead of just children working in factories; working as domestic slaves (domestic meaning: working in other people's houses without getting paid.), and working in fields with their parents usually.
The families usually being migrant workers, for agricultural or factory work.
Most factories contain immigrant families, which were forced to work since the didn't know the labour laws or language of the U.S.
Many teenagers work in the sweatshops, hundreds worked for 13 hours a day, for 31 cents an hour.
Children who work on the farm do not have as strict laws as others, especially with small farms with other work. Similarities 5 Giant Companies That Use Slave Labor. 2012. Business Pundit Web. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.businesspundit.com/5-giant-companies-who-use-slave-labor/>.
"Britain's child slaves." dailymail. N.p., 17 2010. Web. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1312764/Britains-child-slaves-New-book-says-misery-helped-forge-Britain.html>.
Bose, Debopriya . Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. N.d. BuzzleWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/inventions-of-the-industrial-revolution.html>.
"Child Labor and India's Football-making Industry." FOCUS. 2001: n. page. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hurights.or.jp/archives/focus/section2/2001/09/child-labor-and-indias-football-making-industry.html>.
"Child Labor: Frequently Asked Questions." Child labour photo project. N.p.. Web. 25 Oct 2012. <http://www.childlaborphotoproject.org/childlabor.html
"Child Labour | From the Industrial Revolution to the Present Day | Causes of Child Labour." English Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct 2012. <http://www.english-online.at/society/child-labour/working-children-around-the-world.htm>.
Children's Jobs in the Industrial Revolution. N.d. eHowWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.ehow.co.uk/info_8095617_childrens-jobs-industrial-revolution.html>.
history. N.d. fashioninganethicalindustryWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://fashioninganethicalindustry.org/context/aglobalindustry/history/>.
Children Working in Coal Mines. N.d. BBC Learning Zone Class ClipsWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/children-working-in-coal-mines/145.html>.
Connie. Super Secret Candy-Bar-Eating-Habit Busting Technique. 2012. loseweightseattle, Seattle. Web. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.loseweightseattle.com/WeightBlog.html>
Female coal bearer. N.d. ssplprintsWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.ssplprints.com/image.php?imgref=10324168>.
Industrial Revolution. N.d. mtholyokeWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~hicks22a/classweb/Childlabor
Johnson, Ben. Mythology behind Nike's Logo. 2010. LogoinnWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.logoinn.net/history-mythology-nike-logo/>.
Nuri, Selam. "Child Labor Working Conditions in the Industrial Revolution." eHow. eHow. Web. 30 Oct 2012.
Roux Potgieter, Jacobus. COMPANY NAMES UNDER THE NEW COMPANIES ACT AND CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT. 2011. Jacobus Roux Potgieter AttorneysWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://jrpattorneys.co.za/blog/?p=17>.
Shirlee P., Newman. Child Slavery in Modern Times. New York, London, Hong Kong, Sydney, Danbury, Connecticut: Franklin Watts, 2000. 7-39. Print
Wikipedia contributors. "Child labour." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 29 Oct. 2012. Web. 29 Oct. 2012.
Why We Vilify Single Moms. N.d. Kitsch-SlappedWeb. 30 Oct 2012. <http://www.kitsch-slapped.com/2009/07/why-we-vilify-single-moms/>. Citation list Most child labour took place in Europe. Mostly Britain
Didn’t work in agriculture, worked mostly in industry
Not as many child labouring jobs
More children who worked were over the age of 14
Had really dangerous jobs(like chimney sweeping)
Employers could work them as much as they wanted
Child labour benefited people within their cities (in other words, now a days child laborers work to produce goods for other nations but their own)
Factories had made, workers go blind or deaf, from dim lighting or loud machinary. The End