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Why did Islam Spread so Quickly?
Transcript of Why did Islam Spread so Quickly?
By: Sonja Cayetano
Another reason supporting the theories of Islam's rapid spread is its vast amounts of land conquered by Islam military that eventually came under Muslim control. For example, the map in Document C shows the massive Muslim conquest over areas such as Europe, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. This expresses the vastness of Muslim territory, as well as the various countries and areas of political power that are under an Islamic influence. Also, the countries mentioned have great authority and dominance in world relationships, and they have large populations that show diversity and interest. Therefore, both those living in these countries and tourists visiting these countries are more likely to convert to Islam and be affected by its religious notions. The variety of ethnicity and religion existing in these areas has greatly contributed to the religious spread of Islam, and the exchange of new spiritual notions and theologies that express various forms of morality and spirituality. Also, because of the Islam influence on these large, powerful countries, other countries and areas of the world affected by their political relationships will be changed by the Islam ideas presented in these areas. Additionally, in Document D, it says, "Arabs had [added to] their inadequate resources by means of the ghazu [raids against other tribes]... What would replace the ghazu, which had enabled Muslims to scratch out a meager livelihood?... The obvious answer was a series of ghazu raids against the non-Muslim communities in the neighboring countries. The unity of the ummah would be preserved by an outwardly directed offensive [attack]." This shows the reasons behind invasions led by Muslims to conquer other areas, and how income and subsistence was attained through the frequent ghazu raids. Additionally, some believe that Muslims attacked other areas out of revenge and disgust towards other religions, and sought to destroy all pagans and non-Muslim communities. However, as the example explains, the military conquests in those areas were meant to support the income of Muslims and provide a secure resource of necessities.
Another reason supporting the rapid spread of Islam is the beneficial religious views and spiritual notions of Islam, as well as the appealing nature of Islamic faith.
Islam had many positive aspects that are strongly expressed in the
, the Islamic sacred book that Muslims strictly live by and adhere to for religious and philosophical guidance. Retaining its emphasis on an uncompromising monotheism and a strict adherence to certain essential religious practices, Islam has become a great focus of world religion.
For example, in Document B, the Qur'an states "Those who submit to God and accept the true Faith; who are devout, sincere, patient, humble, charitable, and chaste; who fast and are ever mindful of God - on these, both men and women, God will bestow forgiveness and rich recompense [reward]." This expresses the positive attributes the Qur'an emphasizes in the Islam religious path, and the kinds of characteristics people eventually want to live up to and exude. Also, it shows the great reward and honor received by those who exhibit these characteristics and follow a devout Islamic spiritual course. In addition, Document B states, "Whoever killed a human being, except as punishment for murder or other villainy..., shall be deemed as having saved all mankind; and...whoever saved a human life shall be deemed as having saved all mankind." This shows the value Muslims placed upon life, and how everyone in the Muslim community matters and is essential to the fate of the entire Muslim society. This positive sense of community and vitality given through the verses of the Qur'an expresses deep faith in justice and happiness the most would want to follow and obey.
In addition, the great levels of devotion to Islam contributed to its popularity and appeal because it had strict adherence to religious practice, providing an effective way for people to stay loyal to their own spiritual values. For example,
, or the annual month-long fast in which people give alms to the poor, as well as make a pilgrimage to Mecca to witness the
, (the holy Muslim shrine believed to be delivered by God) is one of numerous religious practices that expresses Islam dedication and devotion. Many admire the dedication and loyalty Muslims hold for their religion, and probably became more willing to participate in their typical religious habits. The currently large Islam population is largely due to the appealing elements of Islamic faith, as well as its strong faithfulness towards these elements.
Islam is an extremely pervasive and widely known religion that has greatly affected society and its independent religious views. The Islam ideology and its numerous ideas spread rapidly and widely, and quickly became a prevalent religion with significantly influential aspects and elements. For instance, its focus on
, the Arabic word for God, as well as many other Islam spiritual aspects has taken effect in many countries, and continues to influence many people as well as the religious ideas of other spiritual paths. People gravitate towards the concept of how a spiritual theory developed from a small, insignificant community could have so rapidly become a renowned, crucial part of life for much of the world's population. Retaining its emphasis on an uncompromising monotheism and a strict adherence to certain essential religious practices, Islam continues to influence society with its unique elements and divine inspired unity of mankind.
As shown by the evidence given through the documents, Islam spread to many areas of the world because of military conquest, positive messages, political order, and trade. Islam is an immensely extensive and renowned religion that has largely influenced society and its separate religious beliefs. The Islam spirituality and its abundant ideas spread quickly and broadly, and rapidly transformed into a universal religion with powerful elements and aspects. Islam remains a continually influential system of beliefs that is greatly focused upon a sacred harmony of humanity and the human sense of morality.
The numerous Islamic trade routes surrounding Mecca served as effective ways of spreading religious Islam ideas through various routes and courses in which people could record Islamic spiritual views. For example, in Document A, main Islam areas such as Mecca and Medina are in the center of many main countries and empires, such as the Byzantine Empire and Persia. Because of Arabia's location, people could come to its Islamic areas by trade, and see where Islam originated from as well as its diverse religious notions and intentions. Additionally, the map featured in Document A shows that the trade routes continue on from the map into other countries and vast empires, such as China, East Africa, Spain, and India. This shows how different people from other foreign populations could have traveled to Arabian Islamic cities to witness Islam and its religious theories. Also, it demonstrates how those people could have carried Islamic ideas along with them on their journeys so that they could return home with new spiritual perceptions of Islam. Not only were basic goods and other resources exchanged at various trading posts, but ideas and important elements of Islam could have great potential in expanding the Islam religion and spreading its beliefs and values further into other areas.
The final, conclusive reason explaining the fast expansion of Islam belief is their political organization that maintained order and preserved justice.
For example, in Document E, it explains in the Ordinances of Government: "To enforce the legal penalties for the protection of God's commandments from violation and for the preservation of the rights of his servants from injury or destruction..." This example expresses the legal punishments for violation, and how the Muslim government wishes to maintain the important rights and privileges of Islam citizens. Another example from Document E says, "To defend the lands of Islam and to protect them from intrusion so that people may earn their livelihood and travel at will without danger to life or property." This example shows how the Muslim governmental/military defense wanted to protect people from injury and preserve their lives and rightful property.
In addition, Document E explains The Pact, or "an arrangement often made by Muslim rulers that permitted conquered Christians, Jews, and other non-Muslims to continue to practice their religion if they paid a special tax called the jizyah and obeyed Islamic laws." This expresses how Muslims utilized an exemplary freedom act justifying the religious independence of non-Muslim members of their community.