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Haim Ginott- Theory on Congruent Communication

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Elizabeth Dubon

on 7 December 2011

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Transcript of Haim Ginott- Theory on Congruent Communication

Dr. Haim Ginott
Critiques of Model
Historical Background
Theory Overview
Theory of Congruent Communication
Discussion Question
How would you implmenet Ginott's Congruent Communication Theory into your daily routine?
Haim Ginott was born in Isreal in 1922.
attended Columbia University in New York City, and earned a doctoral degree in Clinical Psychology in 1952.
He work with troubled youth in a Guidance Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida.
His experiance in Jacksonville guided his unique combination of compassion and boundary setting.
He was a clinical psychologist, child therapist, and parent educator
He wrote three books:
Between Parent and Child (1965)-best seller/ very influential
Between Parent and Teenager (1969)
Teacher and Child (1972)
Dr. Ginott was the first to identify the relationship between how teachers speak to students and the students' behavior.
The Congruent Communication Model was based on the premise that

Students accept responsibility for their behavior and the teacher accepts responsibility for creating a climate for proper behavior
Effective classroom management is dependent on the manner in which the teacher interacts with the students.
The teacher's behavior is the decisive element in the classroom and can steer the student's behavior any direction.
Respect and communication are key factors in effective classroom management, (not consequences and punishment)
Interactions between student and teacher must be humanizing not de-humanizing
Teachers must demonstrate acceptance of the child regardless of their performance.
Classroom Discipline Model
Haim Ginott’s Theory of Congruent Communication (Charles, 1999; Manning & Bucher, 2003; Taylor, 2004) accessed December 1, 2011 <http://www2.cuhk.edu.hk/paths/s3training/S3_Notes8.PDF>

Larrivee, B. (2009). Authentic classroom management: Creating a learning community and building reflective practice (3rd edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson EDucation, Inc.

Manning, Lee M. and Bucher, Katherine T. Revisiting Ginott's Congruent Communication After Thirty Years. (2001) accessed December 1, 2011. <http://www.jstor.org/pss/30189664>

Two “schools of thought” on classroom management and behavior. accessed Decemner 2, 2011.http://home.southernct.edu/~gravess1/scsu_courses/edu493/classroommanagement2.doc.
Steps and Instructions
Student Population
How to Guide
In order for teachers
to make a positive impact,
Ginotts stated three things:
No one would argue that teachers must respect and nurture students, however, some theorist would argue...
Behavior is a choice and it is motivated by rules and consequences.
-William Glasser
If a child's basic needs of survival, safety and security are not met, they will be unable to develop a well balanced personality or respond productively to life experiances.
Congruent Communication Theory is still a theory...
Dr. Ginott never synthesized his work into a finely developed model.
... small
-Equate work with worth
-Label students
-Use sarcasm
-Engage in arguments
-Preach/ moralize/ impose guilt
-Give evaluative praise
-Model good behavior
-Exercise self-discipline
-Use direction rather then correction
-Acknowledge students' feelings
-Give appreciative praise
-Use laconic language
-Encourage choice and cooperation
-Communicate in
The teacher must
model communication
that is congruent with
student's emotions
and surroundings.
the teacher
must include
cooperative learning
It is important
to use discipline
in place of
An important aspect of learning is the socioemotional climate in the classroom.
All students
require their feelings to be validated. Discipline problems will decrease if the teacher creates an atmosphere of concern for the students' feelings. Students with exceptionally defiant, hostile, or verbally abusive traits may require supplemental strategies, at least initially.
Some critics would further scrutinize Dr. Ginott for the fact that he did not have any children of his own and never taught in the United States.
The Congruent Communication Theory
requires a great deal of commitment, practice and effort.
Teacher must consider...
Good commuication is only
the tip of the iceberg...
cultural background/ differences
Some cultures do not encourage a child to have such open communcation with adults.
Some students may become uncomfortable with these types of communicative exchanges.
verbal ability
Some students are non-verbal or have limited verbal ability.
Sane Messages
address the problem situation without attacking the student.
express anger appropriately
acknowledge student's feelings
invite cooperation
Congruent Messages:

that allow student
to trust thier own
perceptions and feelings.
Communication method
Student that do not use word to communicate may need supplemental strategies.
Student may lack expressive vocabulary or may not be receptive to the teacher's vocabulary
Communication habits at home

some students my not be receptive to that type of attention from an adult
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