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History of Ireland
Transcript of History of Ireland
10,000 BC (the Middle Stone Age period) the earliest settlers arrived in Ceide Fields, County Mayo, Ireland by way of Scotland. These people were mainly hunters.
3000 BC Colonists reached Ireland. These people were farmers. Remnants of their civilization have been excavated at Lough Gur in County Limerick.
2000 BC (Bronze Age) Metal deposits were discovered and bronze and gold objects were created along with axe-heads, pottery, and jewelery.
1200 BC More immigrants arrived producing more weapons and artifacts. A common dwelling of this period was an artificial island constructed in the middle of a lake called the "crannog."
600 BC The Celts began arriving from central Europe and soon dominated Ireland.
200 BC The La Tene civilization, named after a Celtic site in Switzerland, reached Ireland. Celtic Ireland was not politically unified and had about 150 minitature kingdoms. This caused constant shifting in power among the most important contenders.
200 AD Beginnings of High Kingship at Tara, County Meath
432 AD St. Patrick arrived introducing Roman civilization and the first Catholic Church.
914 AD Vikings arrived and settled in Waterford, Dublin, and Limerick.
1002 Brian Boru is recognized as King of all Ireland
1507 Ascension of Henry VIII
1600 Anti-Catholicism began in Northern Ireland
1801The Irish Parliament was abolished and Ireland became part of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland under the Act of Union.
1845 Potato Famine begins. Starvation, disease, and emigration occurs for seven years.
1922 Civil war breaks out between the Free State Army and the Irregulars (the Irish Republican Army)
1994 Peace Declaration and IRA ceasefire.
1998 Initial peace-plan accepted by all parties.
What past and present impacts have Irish culture had on American culture?