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Transcript of BRASIL
3,287,597 sq mi (5th)
$2.170 trillion (8th)
Federal presidential republic
A little bit of History ...
Occupied by native indians until 1500, when the Portuguese navy arrived
Exploration of the natural resources
Portuguese royal family moved to Brazil in 1808 due to the French invasion in Portugal
Portugal's colony until 1822, when D. Pedro I declared Brazil independent from Portugal
Became a Republic in 1889
Military dictatorship from 1964 until 1985
Member of Mercosul, WTO, G-20 and others
Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world, 3rd largest in the Americas
Divided in 26 states and one Federal District, distributed in 5 main regions
60% belongs to Brazil, 40% shared by Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guiana, Suriname and French Guiana
42% of the national territory
The largest and most biodiverse forest in the world
Floresta Amazônica (Amazon Rainforest)
Main cities: Manaus, Belém
Main cities: Salvador, Fortaleza e Recife
First region explored by Portugal
Temporarily occupied by France and later Netherlands
Home of many notable brazilians such as Caetano Veloso, Dorival Caymmi and Romero Britto
Main cities: Brasília, Goiânia
Economy essentially based on cattle breeding
Economical and demographic boost after Brasília's foundation
Located in the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul and a little part in Bolivia and Paraguay.
One of the world's largest tropical wetland areas
Main cities: Curitiba, Florianópolis e Porto Alegre
Great influence from European countries, mostly Germany and Italy, in the architecture and language
Second biggest hydroelectric plant in the world (Itaipu), first in energy generation
1/3 of the Iguaçu Falls is located in the state of Paraná, in the frontier with Argentina
Main cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte
Richest and more populous region in Brazil, where 44% of the brazilian population lives (around 1/3 of the southeastern population was born in other region) and most of industries are placed
One of the most diverse cultural centres in the world
Ensino básico (basic education)
The basic education in Brazil is divided in 3 parts: Educação Infantil (Kindergarten), Ensino Fundamental (Elementary School) and Ensino Médio (High School). In all these stages there are public and private schools.
Going to college
To enter in an university is required a test called Vestibular (applied by the institution) or you can use your score on ENEM (High School National Exam), applied by the government.
Brazil has some of the best universities in Latin America, like USP (University of São Paulo) that is considered the best in this region and one of the most prestigious universities in the world.
Brazil has the largest economy in Latin America, 7th in the world and one of the fastest-growing major economies around the planet
In agriculture the main products are: coffee, soy and sugarcane.
The largest brazilian companies are: Petrobras (oil & gas operations), Vale (mining), Embraer (aircrafts) and others.
Brazil is a federal presidential constitutional republic, based on representative democracy
Current President: Dilma Rousseff
Divided in 3 powers: Executive (President) , Legislative (Congress) and Judiciary (Courts)
Each state has a governor and cities its mayors and laws can be in Federal, State or Municipal ambit.
The elections occurs every two years interspersing for federal and state positions in one election and municipal in the next one.
What we eat daily ...
The World Cup started on 12 June and ended on 13 July.
Germany won the championship
In general the World Cup was a success and overcame expectations
95% of the tourists wants to visit Brazil again
The games are scheduled from August 3 to August 21
South America's main city
The most multicultural centre in Brazil and one of the most diverse in the world
A little bit of my life ...
Only brazilian citiziens can vote. For people from 18 to 70 years old voting is mandatory. From 16 or if you are up to 70 years old you can choose to vote or not.
Located in the metropolitan area of São Paulo
Guarulhos' airport is the largest in Brazil
2nd economy in São Paulo state
RC Guarulhos Norte Centenário
Current president: Cristina Mariano
Projeto Saude e Cidadania
9 years of existence
Pão de queijo