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Hindu Religion Scrapbook

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Jenna Sadlowski

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Hindu Religion Scrapbook

By Jenna Sadlowski World religion scrap book Landmarks, places of worship and religious sites Sacred Texts/objects of Hindusim Bhagavad Gita It is about a war between the Aryans and Dravidians to see who would rule the Ganges and Jamna river. The Bhagavad Gita is part of the Mahabharata The main character was in conflict because he was sad about killing his cousins. Before the the Kurukshetra war, Krishna told him that samsara will let them live again. A collection of writings that explain how to escape samsara. Upanishad An epic poem that tells of a war between two royal families Kauravas [Dravadians] and Pandavas [Aryans] Mahabharata An epic poem that tells how God Rama rescues his wife Ravana from the evil demon king Ramayana Rituals In temples people take off their shoes when entering. Women usually cover their heads to show a sign of respect.
When people enter they have Prasad (a devotional offering made to a god) Temples In Hindu weddings the parents of the groom and the bride sit on stage with them, and the priest. The men usually wear very traditional clothing. All the Rituals happen around the sacred fire. In tradition the Bride's father gives the bride different types of plant or food. Usually bananas, coconuts, and flowers. Another ritual is when the bride sits on her father's lap while the groom ties a thali around her neck. A thali is a necklace that is given during a Hindu wedding. Weddings Bodies are cremated after death so the fire could carry the souls to be reborn. Funeral Religious Holidays
and Ceremonies Festival of lights usually in October or November Diwali Festival of colors usually in March or April Holi Festival marking Rama's triumph over evil in the Ramayana, which is in September. Dussehra Samskara Samskara is a ceremony that marks important days or events in someone's like. Examples of samskara
After ten days there is a naming ceremony
When a boy turns nine or ten years of age they receive a scared thread that marks them of becoming a man Deities Shiva the destroyer Brahma the creator Others No one knows exactly when it started No single founder Roots were traced back to 4000 years ago Around 1500 B.C.E. Aryans invaded Indus Valley and the civilizations mixed to create roots of modern Hinuism Hindu tolerates people studying various different Gods and Goddesses and there are no specific times you have to worship them Different Versions But all of them believe in samsara [reincarnation] Temples are called mandirs Temples On street corners or around temples Shrines Dedicated to one God or Goddess Moksha: breaking free of Samsara; gaining liberty or freedom Beliefs/ethics/instilled values and morals Samsara: the cycle of birth and rebirth; when you die, your soul is reborn in another body, human or animal Nirvana: joining or becoming part of Brahman Karma: how you are reborn, depending on your actions in your previous life Dharma: righteous or moral conduct which puts you on the road to good karma; what you are supposed to accomplish Hindu Philosophy is the belief that there is one divine reality No set of rules or book laws of being Hindu Laws and rules and commandments The Caste System Work cited... http://www.globalkidsoz.com.au/indian_wedding_traditions.php http://www.gwu.edu/~satyam/diwali.htm http://www.google.com/imgres?q=brahman+hindu&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&rls=en&biw=1110&bih=622&tbm=isch&tbnid=k7rizzRupxrjAM:&imgrefurl=http://www.enlightened-spirituality.org/Hinduism.html&docid=iBfvohm_wOq_4M&imgurl=http://www.enlightened-spirituality.org/images/Hindu_Deities_Siva_seated_blu_yantra_in_bg_smaller.jpg&w=506&h=605&ei=LCdyUK7aIJDa9ATlzIDgAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=881&vpy=26&dur=260&hovh=246&hovw=205&tx=135&ty=147&sig=102314658091293270294&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=131&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0,i:88 http://www.mymodernmet.com/profiles/blogs/holi-festival-of-colors-india http://www.google.com/imgres?q=diwali&start=97&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&biw=1205&bih=684&tbm=isch&tbnid=MnZKC08xVf5jsM:&imgrefurl=http://www.gwu.edu/~satyam/diwali.htm&docid=nFobV3274NUbYM&imgurl=http://www.gwu.edu/~satyam/Images/Diwali.jpg&w=600&h=509&ei=Zw1yUM3KF5Oi8QSGkYD4Dw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=702&vpy=4&dur=86&hovh=207&hovw=244&tx=136&ty=96&sig=102314658091293270294&page=6&tbnh=154&tbnw=191&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:97,i:15 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=mahabharata&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&pwst=1&rls=en&biw=1110&bih=622&tbm=isch&tbnid=sJVrGhnYvg19WM:&imgrefurl=http://larryavisbrown.homestead.com/files/xeno.mahabsynop.htm&docid=EPqawjj33s1tAM&imgurl=http://larryavisbrown.homestead.com/files/arjuna_Krishna_chariot.jpg&w=636&h=448&ei=XChyUP43ipD2BKvNgJAO&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=411&sig=102314658091293270294&page=1&tbnh=130&tbnw=169&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:82&tx=90&ty=41 Vishnu the protector preserver http://www.google.com/imgres?q=shiva&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&biw=1110&bih=622&tbm=isch&tbnid=x-dyxWpQsTpvSM:&imgrefurl=http://www.hindudevotionalblog.com/2011/10/lord-shiva-hindu-god-siva.html&docid=ZJ8J-ql-HCXZPM&imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-aMcnDbX_JYY/TqEhtDTnQoI/AAAAAAAAEfs/tQ58fDh4pPM/s1600/lord-shiva-hindu-god-picture.jpg&w=500&h=653&ei=2SxyUJqfBYno9AT1xoC4Dg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=382&vpy=254&dur=602&hovh=257&hovw=196&tx=82&ty=150&sig=102314658091293270294&page=1&tbnh=136&tbnw=115&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:0,i:101 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=brahma&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&biw=1110&bih=622&tbm=isch&tbnid=uhyhDhXmzTvCzM:&imgrefurl=http://freethoughtpedia.com/wiki/brahma&docid=V78RABeNrwj_OM&imgurl=http://freethoughtpedia.com/images/Hindu-brahma.jpg&w=649&h=800&ei=xi1yUMCRB5TA9gTTooCgBA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=456&vpy=56&dur=739&hovh=249&hovw=202&tx=102&ty=160&sig=102314658091293270294&page=1&tbnh=130&tbnw=99&start=0&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:82 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=vishnu&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&biw=1110&bih=622&tbm=isch&tbnid=ArchuGPQlSLU_M:&imgrefurl=http://www.muktinath.org/hinduism/vishnu.htm&docid=PIDCi2lEmL0O8M&imgurl=http://www.muktinath.org/images/hinduismfolder/Vishnu03.jpg&w=264&h=400&ei=jS5yUKDIGIjA8ASRy4HIDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=582&vpy=114&dur=5809&hovh=276&hovw=182&tx=119&ty=191&sig=102314658091293270294&page=1&tbnh=146&tbnw=94&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0,i:85 Origin are in the western India Origin and History In homes Brahmins [priests]
Kshatriyas [warriors and rulers]
Vaisyas [skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
Sudras [ unskilled workers]
Pariah or Harijans [outcasts or untouchables The supreme soul or spirit is called Brahman Manifistaions of Brahman There are no single founders Founders and spiritual leaders Some people believe in one god
Some people believe in many gods
Some people believe in no gods The spiritual leaders are priests called Brahmins Cows are Sacred to India 2800-2000
B.C. Indus Valley civilization developes Assassination of Gandhi January 30, 1948 Queen Victoria becomes
the Empress of India Gandhi joins the Nationalist Movement John Bowker, ed., Cambridge History of Religions, p. 312. 1915 1876 Brahmanical religion
develops 900-600
B.C.E. http://pof.reonline.org.uk/pupil_hindu.php http://www.google.com/imgres?q=hinduism+faith+today+map&um=1&hl=en&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&biw=1205&bih=668&tbm=isch&tbnid=FcfWppklPfhmvM:&imgrefurl=http://www.worldreligions.psu.edu/maps-hinduism.htm&docid=WIh0_H4NWuoJkM&imgurl=http://www.worldreligions.psu.edu/images/artimages/maps/hinduism%252520spread.jpg&w=994&h=677&ei=26J4UP_TLYWc9QTL7oC4Cg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=216&vpy=155&dur=1241&hovh=185&hovw=272&tx=143&ty=88&sig=102314658091293270294&page=1&tbnh=136&tbnw=200&start=0&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:74 symbols and their meanings Aum or Om is one of the most meaningful symbol in Hinduism. it is a sacred symbol, that represents Brahmin. This is a map of where Hinduism is practiced a lot in countries. Before Hitler used this symbol as evil; in Hinduism it used of peace and good luck Swastika Buddhism Sacred Texts and Objects Tripitaka In Sanskrit it means 3 Baskets. This religious item explains a lot their scriptures. Sutra Symbols Wheel Lotus Flower Bodhi Tree The wheel represents the teachings of the Buddha. The wheel symbol is the Dharmachakra, or "wheel of law." " Since the Lotus Flower grows through thick muddy water, the name means to rise above murk to achieve enlightenment. It also symbolizes fortune. Rituals Meditation To meditate is to let loose all thoughts and worries. Many
meditate to spiritual purposes, but some meditate just to relax. Sutra in Sanskrit means "thread" it is a series of scriptures Origin Buddism started in Northern India when Buddism divide itself in two sects it spread through most of Asia in that time. http://buddhism.about.com/od/abuddhistglossary/g/sutradef.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalai_Lama Timeline Around 563 B.C.E. Siddhartha Gautama is born Around 483 the Buddha dies In 278 C.E. Asoka reverts to Buddhism Spiritual Leaders Siddhartha Gautama Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddhism. Dalai Lama Is the spiritual and political leader of Buddhism in Tibet. Work cited Mile stone birthdays+marriage There are no rituals in Buddhism for mile stone birthdays or marriages unlike other religions. These are the main parts of building/ temples of buddhism Buddhists do not believe in a God
The primary purpose of Life is to end suffering(a goal for Buddhists)
They do not do rituals in marriage
Buddhists reach to gain enlightenment it means to end the cycle of reincarnation. Impact on the World Buddhism was a religion that was for anyone, but it mainly pleased poor people of India and across the world. Having achieve inner peace; enlightenment helped you get rid of suffering in your life if you learned how to walk the Middle Way, or having moderation. Mediation is also a key of Moderation and many people find it relieving to do, even if they still do believe in a different religion. 2009-2012
Tibetan Monks set themselves on fire, protesting China's rule. 1950
14th Dalai Lama is enthroned
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