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Morse Code/ The Telegraph

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Tiahna Davies

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Morse Code/ The Telegraph

Introduction
The working hypothesis for this assignment:
Morse code is an extremely effective secret language that has positively affected a great number of people, the environment and the economy. It is a simple language but a very effective way for people from different nationalities all over the world to communicate.
Who was responsible for the Invention?
How did the Invention Work?
Morse code is a series of electric pulses at different lengths that represent letters and numbers from the English alphabet.
Its first use was to send and receive messages over a long distance using an 'electric telegraph machine in the 1840's.
They are called dots and dashes (when using sight) or 'dits' and 'dahs' (when using sound)
How did the invention come to be?
In 1836, Samuel Morse, Alfred Vail and Leonard Gale created an electric telegraph machine.
Samuel Morse's original idea for this machine was that when electric pulses were received, the electromagnet moved the stylus with its force, drawing on a piece of paper. A person on the receiving line of that message could then decode the message into sets of numerals that represented words.
Leonard Gale helped Morse to improve the battery and the electromagnet in the telegraph.
Alfred Vail expanded Morses original idea for Morse code by adding letters as well as numerals to the code.
How long did it take before people could use this invention?
The telegraph became available to the public after Morse got the Government's approval in 1843.
He received a patent for the telegraph in 1840.
It took him five years of working with Leonard Gale to transform his ideas into a working model, and eight years to gain the public and the Government's attention. Altogether this invention took Thirteen years before the first message "what hath God wrought" was sent by Morse.
How has the Invention Impacted Technology since the Industrial Revolution?
How Did Morse Code Work in the Past?
Morse code has mostly stayed the same since the Industrial Revolution and only one change has been made. in 2007, the @ symbol was added to the language.
How Does Morse Code Work Today?
In present time, Morse code is not used nearly as much as it used to be, since other inventions have overruled its abilities such as the telephone and computer (emails.)
Although it is not used by the public, it is today still used by amateur radio operators, and there are also some outdoor groups who communicate over long distances using a flashlight and Morse code to send each other coordinates and messages. Morse code is also still sent between the military and ships and land.
The Future Of Morse Code
When did Morse Code Cease to be Useful?
Why Did It Cease to be Useful?
When the first telegraph cables were put up in 1843, there were a few technical difficulties but people ignored them because despite the negatives, communication had been faster than ever but, when Competition started to come in 1876, it started to become overruled by the telephone and other inventions.
Though it has become less popular over the years, Morse code has always remained a trustworthy and simple way to communicate.
Is it Still used Today or has it Been Completely Forgotten?
What Advances did the Telephone have that the Telegraph Did Not?
The telephone was considered a lot more advanced in technology compared to the telegraph because it offered new and more exciting things, like being able to hear the person talk on the other side of the call.
Sending a telephone call was a lot cheaper than sending a telegram and, there was also an urgent reply from the person on the other side of the call.
The telegraph and Morse code opened up a whole new world of communication technology
Negative
Telegraph cables had to be set up, so trees had to be cut down for the poles and land cleared for the telegraph route.
The telegraph poles and cables had to run through all terrains for towns and cities to be connected, meaning that they went through animal habitats (such as the ocean and forest)
Positive
The telegraph allowed people to send messages without having to build roads and transport to get the messages from one place to another.
Impacts on the Environment
Negative
Messages could sometimes be translated incorrectly by the telegraph operators, which meant the recipient could be given the wrong information. (e.g. your Father is well/dead)
Positive
Impacts on Society
Negative
Some people were unable to afford the costs of telegraph services.
Fewer postal service employees were required to sort and deliver mail.
The cost to set up the telegraph lines used Government funds which then could not be spent on hospitals and schools etc.
Positive
Businesses could send orders to suppliers for stock through Morse code, leading to economic growth.
Countries were opened up through the establishment of the telegraph lines.
People were employed to operate the telegraph machines and to deliver telegrams, therefore leading to employment growth.
Impact on the Economy
Political Opinions
The invention of the Morse code revolutionized communication technology between countries. It changed how people perceived time and distance, which led to the even faster technology of the telephone, computer and internet.

By the 20th Century, telegram cables scoured the globe. There were over 50 different Telegraph Companies in America alone. Being able to read Morse code was seen as an important skill in the workplace during this time. The whole world was enjoying cheap, quick, simple, international communication.

This clearly shows that the positives Morse code provides definitely outweigh the negatives it brings. Without Morse code and telegraph machines, we would probably still be communicating with letters, have no computers, mobile phones or internet.

Conclusion
In conclusion, Morse Code remains the most simple and effective way to communicate just as it was in the past, as it is now and as it will be in the future.

The telegraph machine revolutionized the way we send and receive messages, and opened many opportunities for us to expand our communication systems. It has helped save people lives, offered job opportunities and on a whole, helps keep the world connected.
References
Morse Code/ The Telegraph
By Tiahna Davies
Samuel Morse created Morse Code and the telegraph, but he received help from other inventors and machinists.
Two of the most significant inventors he worked with were Alfred Vail and Leonard Gale.
Morse Code was originally created for Samuel Morse's electric telegraph machine in the 1840's
Before the telegraph, it took weeks for messages to be sent between people, and this affected Samuel Morse in a very personal way
after the invention of Morse code, communication was the fastest it had ever been, and it improved many areas of life. In the American Civil War, telegraphs were used to send vital information between sides.
with the simplicity of Morse Code, it is and always will be a reliable way to communicate.
in the future telegraph machines could be improved, so the information is more secure by encrypting the code
this design could be popular in the Military and other defence forces.
Morse Code is not as extensively used today as it was in the Industrial Revolution.
Other forms of technology have overtaken Morse code, such as the Telephone.
although Morse code is still used today, it has become rare that people would have a telegraph machine in their homes,as they used to be.
The military and other defence forces use Morse code to communicate, ships at sea use it as well as planes in the air to communicate with land, and amateur radio operators.
Alfred Vail
Samuel Morse
Leonard Gale
People could receive and send information faster than ever with the telegraph
People were able to communicate with the world outside their village, town or city for the first time
Plenty of people received new jobs with Telegraph companies such as fixers, telegram deliverers and operators.
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