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AP Human Geography, The Grand Review

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Phoebe Lightfoot

on 15 May 2016

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Transcript of AP Human Geography, The Grand Review

AP Human Geography, The Grand Review
Unit IV: Political Organization of Space
By: Maddy Brown, Phoebe Lightfoot, & Kat Hess
110. Largest to Smallest
Census Tract
111. Three G's
Reasons for colonization:
GLORY
Empire
Nation-State
Municipality
County
Province
GOLD
GOD
112. Nation State

113. Multi-Nation State

114. Multi-State Nation


ex. Korea
ex. Indonesia
ex. Japan
State with only one nation
State that includes more than one nation
Nation spread over more than one state
115. Compact State

116. Elongated State

117. Prorupted State

118. Perforated State

119. Fragmented State

120. Landlocked State
ex. Nicaragua
Distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
Long, narrow shape
Otherwise compact with a large projecting extension
Completely surrounds another state
Includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
Does not have a direct outlet to the sea
ex. Vietnam
ex. Afghanistan
ex. South Africa
ex. Indonesia
ex. Vatican City
EXTRA
Boundary Type
Physical or Cultural
Example
139. Mountain
140. Language
141. Religion
142. River
143. Geometric
144. The Green Line
physical
cultural
cultural
physical
cultural
cultural
Argentina & Chile
(Andes Mountians)
India & Pakistan
U.S. & Mexico
(Rio Grande)
U.S. & Canada
"Fifty-four forty or fight"
Cyprus Green Line
132. Core-Periphery (a)
model that demonstrates the transfer of resources from less developed to more developoed areas
133. Rimland (g)
the fringe of a state
134. Hinterland (f)
land beyond a border
135. Heartland (e)
the node of a state
136. Enclave (b)
an area that retains a distinction from a larger area
137. Gerrymandering (d)
manipulating boundaries for political gain
138. Frontier (c)
an area rather than a line
France & Germany
145. The European Union, the Arab League, and the United Nations are all examples of ...
a. pressure groups
b. nation-states
c. centrifugal organizations
d. supranational organizations
e. federartions
146. Which of the following has fostered the most significant economic growth by eliminating import tariffs between member states?
a. European Union (EU)
b. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
c. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
d. Association of Carribean States (ACS)
e. United Nations (UN)
d. supranational organizations
a. European Union (EU)
147. The provisions of the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea gave coastal countries navigational and economic sovereignty over which of the following zones?
a. twelve-nautical-mile territorial sea zone and

b. export processing zone (EPZ)
c. 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone
d. empowerment zone
e. continental shelf
part of the Arctic Circle
c. 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone
148. An increasing number of states have adopted a federal form of government primarily to ...
a. grant different ethnicities or nationalities

b. encourage the breakup of the superpower

c. govern compact states more effectively
d. deploy scarce resources efficiently
e. meet all of the above needs
more effective representation
alliances
e. meet all of the above needs
Colonization Of Africa By Decade
129. 1850
Britian
France
Netherlands
Belgium
Germany
Portugal
Italy
Portugal
121. Brazil

122. China

123. Mesopotamia

124. Taiwan
(b) was a colony
(c) is a sovereign state
(d) has forward capital
(c) is a sovereign state
(a) was a hearth
(b) was a colony
(c) is a sovereign state
of agriculture and animals
of Portugal
Anocracy -
a counrty that is not fully demoratic or fully autocratic, but rather displays a mix of the two types
125. Unitary State
126. Federal State
128. Devolution
127. Confederal State
(b) France
Centripetal Forces -
unify a group of people or area, pull factor
ex. Nationalism
Centrifugal Forces -
divide a group of people or area, push factor
ex. regionalism
(a) Canada
(c) Germany
(d) Mexico
(f) USA
Forward Capital -
(e) Switzerland
(a) Canada
(b) France
(d) Mexico
(f) USA
capital built by a state to achieve a national goal
ex. Islamabad, Pakistan
Ethnonationalism -
powerful emotional attachment to one's nation that occurs when a minority nation within a state feels different from the rest of the state's people
ex. Chechens to Russia
most power in the hands of central government officials
allocates most powers to units of local government
gets authority from the independent states
process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power
130. 1900
131. 1950
Full transcript