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Y13 A-Level PE: Psychology

M Timms

on 18 November 2016

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Transcript of Anxiety

Lesson 11
Friday 18 November

Warm Up
Complete the Sports Competition Anxiety Test by circling the answer which best describes your emotion before competitive sport.
What is Anxiety?
Write down as many key words as possible and try to establish where these emotions within the body originate from and why we get these emotions?
How does Anxiety fit
into the PHED3 exam?
Working with your partner;
begin to plan this question and use previous topics to help answer the question.
As a group try to piece together a definition of anxiety.
an emotional state
similar to fear
associated with
physiological (somatic) arousal
psychological (cognitive) arousal
feelings of nervousness
feelings of apprehension
Trait Anxiety - known as "A-trait"
an inbuilt (trait) part of the personality
a tendency to be fearful of unfamiliar situations
State Anxiety - known as "A-state"
an emotional response to a particular situation
characterised by feelings of nervousness and apprehension
often temporary and will change as activities change
Controlling Anxiety
By controlling anxiety you are able to stay focused on the task. Professional players are able to control their anxiety levels so it doesn't affect their performance.

This technique is also known as STRESS MANAGEMENT
Stress Management
There are a number of methods which professionals use to control their anxiety levels.
These are organised according to Cognititve Anxiety and Somatic Anxiety.

Cognitive Anxiety occurs in the brain. Somatic anxiety occurs in the body as a result of Cognitive Anxiety.
Cognitive Relaxation Techniques
Mental Rehearsal
Attentional Control Training
Cue Utilisation
Thought Stopping
Self Talk
Somatic Relaxation Techniques
Breathing Control
Progressive muscle relaxation

Introduce knowledge of Anxiety topic by completing a SCAT test.

Discuss different forms of Anxiety and Stress which occur in a sporting situation.

Use knowledge in other Psychology areas to answer a PHED3 exam question on Anxiety
There are 4 x types of Anxiety
Trait Anxiety
State Anxiety
Cognitive Anxiety
Somatic Anxiety
Try to explain the characteristics
of each type of anxiety (5 mins)
Somatic Stress management techniques
Measuring physiological responses
eg heart rate/breathing rate/sweat production/skin temperature/ muscle tension/blood pressure/galvanic skin response
Learn to recognise and control anxiety responses

Centring/Breathing control
Deep breathing/diaphragmatic breathing
Breath in through nose – expand abdomen fully – breath out
through mouth
May involve repeating key words/mantra

Muscle relaxation/Progressive Muscle Relaxation
Often combined with effective breathing control
Focus on specific muscle groups/working inwards from the
Contract muscles – hold – relax
Trait anxiety/A-Trait – performer generally perceives
situations as threatening

State anxiety/A-State – level of anxiety at a specific
time/particular situation

Competitive Trait Anxiety – performer generally
perceives competitive situations as threatening

Competitive State Anxiety - level of anxiety during
competitive situations

Cognitive anxiety – psychological
responses/thoughts and worries of performer/doubts
in their ability to complete the task

Somatic anxiety – physiological responses of
performer/increased heart rate/sweating or eq.
Cognitive Stress Management Techniques
Use of cue/action/word
Re-directs attention to positive thoughts
Example – key word – focus

Self-talk/positive self-talk
Use when negative thoughts occur
Replace with positive statements about performance
Example – nerves are good before the race
Named test
A. Sport Competition Anxiety Test/SCAT
B. State Trait Anxiety Inventory/STAI
C. Competitive Sport Anxiety Inventory/CSAI-2

D. Misinterpretation of questions/lack of understanding
E. Answers may not be truthful/provide socially desirable answers
F. Questions may not allow for full answers/limited options to express emotions
G. Inappropriate questions/biased questions
H. Situation when completed may not be ideal/may rush to complete questionnaire
Cognitive Anxiety
Somatic Anxiety
raised heart rate
raised breathing rate
negative feelings about the situation
Different methods of assessment can be used to measure anxiety levels and also to identify potential elite performers.

What are the disadvantages of using observation as a method to assess anxiety?
(3 marks)
What are the key words relating to anxiety?
Imagery/visualisation/mental rehearsal
Formation of mental pictures of good performance/imagine in a calm place
Internal – creating the feeling of the movement/sensations
External – seeing themselves completing the movement

Attentional control
Changing the focus of attention to detect only relevant cues/improve selective attention/alter perceptual field
Broad/external – used during games to detect fast changing situations and identify the best option
External/narrow – used to concentrate on specific objects or tasks, possibly with limited number of cues
Narrow/internal – used to mentally rehearse a skill or task
Internal/broad – used to analyse performance and plan future strategies and tactics
Full transcript