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Final Health Project: Malaria

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Myla Andrews

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Final Health Project: Malaria

Zambia Malaria Transmission Symptoms Demographic Female Anopheles mosquito
Malaria parasites in saliva of the mosquito
Bite according to visual, thermal and olfactory stimuli
50 species of Anopheles that can transmit malaria Insecticide
Bed nets
Drugs What groups of people? Cycle of Poverty

178th in Life Satisfaction Index

Detriment to Zambia's future Stable countries receive more international
aid and investment

Malaria Reduction helps Zambia 's foreign relations So whats the plan??? Social Economic Political Source: The Guardian Government Costs Unemployment Rate How many people does malaria affect? Where does malaria hit the hardest? Cold stage
shaking chills
Hot stage
high grade fever
Sweating stage
profuse sweating Prevention Malaria Life Cycle The Plan The Cost
Finkel, Michael. “Stopping a Global Killer.” National Geographic July 2007: n. pag. National Geographic Magazine. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com>. This article was read in class and provides both a personal and an analytical view of the plight of malaria in Africa. Robert Gadz comments that nearly every child in Africa has been neurologically scarred by malaria. This observation was used within the political segment of our presentation.

"Impact of Malaria." CDC Malaria. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Feb. 2012. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/ malaria_worldwide/impact.html>. This web page provided very useful information regarding the economic and demographic impact malaria has on sub-saharan african countries. It gave me really helpful information on the types of people that are mainly affected by the disease and why. As for the economic aspect, it told me about what kinds of things the government spends money on to prevent and treat malaria, and also how those severely
sickened by malaria affect the economy.

“Impact of Malaria.” CDC. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. This source details the social effects of malaria and the high risk groups. It determines pregnant mother and young children to be most vulnerable, thus showing a correlation that the future of Zambia is greatly jeopardized while plagued by an epidemic. Furthermore, it details social effects such as those discussed in class, like the constant cost of lost labor and medicine for combatting malaria, keeping the poorest people in the year, constantly poor. This article was used under research for the social implications of malaria.

"Malaria: Biology." cdc.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/biology/. This document on malaria is strictly biology. It describes, in detail, the life cycle of a malaria parasite inside the human and mosquito bodies. This is relevant because in my portion of the presentation, I will be talking about malaria's transmission, effects on the body, symptoms, etc.

"Malaria Control in Zambia". National Malaria Control Center, n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nmcc.org.zm/malaria_control.htm>. This website provided a very basic overview of malaria in Zambia and a few useful pieces of statistical data regarding malaria hospitalizations and deaths. It also mentioned the Malaria Roll Back Plan and a little bit on how it works and how it's helping.

Malaria Site: All About Malaria. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.malariasite.com/>. A complete overview of the disease of malaria. It covers all topics, particularly those pertaining to Part I (i.e. biology,prevention, transmission, etc.). The bulk of part 1 will be from this website.

“Securing Appropriate Funding.” Roll Back Malaria. World Health Organization, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.rbm.who.int>. This article described the international aid being sent to Zambia on behalf of malaria eradication efforts. It provided both a description of the various organizations(Japan International Cooperation Agency, United States President’s Malaria Initiative,Department fro International Development (UK),Unicef, WHO, World Bank etc) and a graph, exhibiting the amounts of donations given each year by each organization. This information is in support of the political effects of malaria in Zambia.

“Vector Control.” World Health Organization. World Health Organization, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2012. <http://www.who.int/>. This section of WHO’s World Malaria Report, detailed the pros, cons, and current uses of insecticides in the fight against malaria. Our group used this source to find the costs per household of all main insecticides. This information helped us calculate the cost of our plan to stop malaria in Zambia.

White, Adrian G. A Global Projection of Subjective Well-being: A Challenge to Positive Psychology? N.p.: n.p., 2012. CountryWatch. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://www.countrywatch.com/>. This source provided information detailing the life satisfaction of nearly 200 countries, based on criteria such as their nation’s health. Zambia, ranked 148, clearly falls below par. This information was used for research under the social effects of malaria on Zambia.

The World Factbook. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2012. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/za.html>. This website provided necessary statistical data from Zambia, such as the unemployment rate, the population, etc.

World Health Organization. WHO, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.who.int/malaria/high_risk_groups/en/>. This website includes information solely on the demographic aspect of malaria's impact. This website goes more in depth as to why certain groups of people are affected by malaria, which
really helps me understand the topic.

“Zambia: Medical Facilities and Health Information.” Travel.State.Gov. US Department of State, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://travel.state.gov/travel/>. On this website the Department of State outlines the travel warnings for each country. Under “Medical Facilities and Health Information”, the department specifically lists malaria as a health deterrent for foreign travelers. This was used for research under the political effects of malaria in Zambia

“Zambia: The New Minimum Wage Has Been Misunderstood.” Lusaka Times. Lusaka Times, 6 Aug. 2012. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.lusakatimes.com>. This article described recent confusion over Zambia’s recent hike in minimum wage. However, we used this article for the purpose of finding out the minimum wage in order to calculate the cost of personnel for our malaria relief plan.

“Zambia 2010 Census.” United Nations Statistics Division. United Nations, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://unstats.un.org/unsd/default.htm>. This source was used to find out the populations of the two regions, Luapula and the Northern region, most affected by malaria. This information was used for us to calculate the cost of our medical relief plan. Citations Why Invest in our Plan? Luapula population: 958,976 inhabitants (from 2010 Zambia census) / 2 people (taking families into account and also for extras) x $5 (per bednet) =
$2,397,440 for bednets in the Luapula region

<$2, 390, 000 for DDT ($5 per household; unknown amount of households)
<$9, 589, 760 for all main insecticides (max cost of insecticides was $10 for the carbamates per insecticide per person) (Pyrethroids, Organochlorines(DDT), Organophosphates, Carbamates)

$7,167,660 for personnel per year [ Minimum wage $218 = 1 employee per 300 inhabitants(or roughly 150 households) ]

2,397,440 + $4,794,880(Estimating 2 people per household-all insecticides) + $7,167,660

Cost: $14, 359, 980 Northern region population: 1,759,600 inhabitants (from 2010 Zambia census) / 2 people (taking families into account and also for extras) x $5 (per bed net) = $4,399,000 for bed nets in the Northern region

<$ 17,596,00 for all main insecticides

$15,343,700 for 1 year personnel

$4,399,000 + $8,798,000 + $15, 343, 700

Cost: $28,480,700 The Cost Northern Region The Total Cost: $42, 840, 680 The Remainder: $7,159,320 -Utilizes pre-existing resources

- Past success = proven effectiveness

-Opportunity for your investment to be the "closer" in one of the most difficult medical missions of all time http://www.lusakatimes.com/2012/03/21/unemployed-solwezi-youths-stage-protest-unemployment/ Source: www.nationsonline.org/ Thanks! work alongside WHO Rollback Malaria Plan Zoning teams target regions of Zambia hardest hit by malaria Specialized Zoning Teams Finishing the Job Death Toll Takes 1 million plus lives every year
Zambia has highest concentration of cases and deaths
without help death rate will skyrocket Investment
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