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Chapter 1-Thinking About Values

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by

Rod Williams

on 24 December 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 1-Thinking About Values

Chapter 1a-
Thinking About Values

Do We Need a "Code of Ethics?"
Is it a State Legislature's business to dictate personal behavior?
What is at the core of the Cowboy Code of Ethics?
What would be accomplished by passing this ethical code?
So, what are 'Ethics'?
ETHICS
The branch of philosophy relating to human conduct, with respect to the rightness and wrongness of certain actions and the goodness or badness of the motives and ends of such actions.
Philosophy
Philosophy is known for asking the question "Why"? This has characterized Western philosophy since the time of the ancient Greeks.
There are many branches of philosophy, but will only look at the 4 Classical Branches......
Why philosophy?
It is philosophy's job to
question
our values/morals/ethics; it forces us to provide
reasons
, and preferably good reasons, for giving our moral approval to one type of behavior and disapproving of another.
Current Values Discussions
Can we rely on people having their own set of values?
What are some of the key moral/ethical issues facing us today?
"Liberal Values"
"Conservative Values"
Values, Morals, & Ethics
Values
= Important and lasting beliefs or ideals shared by the members of a culture about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable.
Morals
= The principles, rules and attitudes that we live by, or are expected to live by with respect to right or wrong conduct.
Metaphysics
A division of philosophy that is concerned with the fundamental nature of reality and being.
What is the nature of reality?
What is the nature of "being?" Self?
Logic
A branch of philosophy that seeks to establish rules of correct reasoning and valid arguments.
What are logical principles of correct reasoning?
Ethics
A branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong.
What is a "good life" for humans?
How do we treat others?
Epistemology
The study of knowledge, identifying and developing criteria & methodologies for what we know & why we know it.
What is truth?
Can we ever really know anything?
Full transcript