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Transcript of Head Start
Over a million children are served by the Head Start programs every year.
Since 1965, nearly 30 million low-income children and their families have received these comprehensive services to increase their school readiness.
Many Head Start programs also provide Early Head Start, which serves infants, toddlers, and pregnant women and their families who have incomes below the federal poverty level. Programs provide a learning environment that supports children's growth in:
Language and literacy
Cognition and general knowledge
Physical development and health
Social and emotional development
Approaches to learning Head Start is a federal program that promotes the school readiness of children ages birth to 5 from low-income families by enhancing their cognitive, social and emotional development. Head Start Head Start programs provide comprehensive services to enrolled children and their families, which include health, nutrition, and social services. Designed to be responsive to each child and family’s ethnic, cultural, and linguistic heritage. Research on Head Start proves the many benefits and opportunities it has to offer young children and their families. Head Start programs offer a variety of service models, and programs may be based in: Centers or schools that children attend for part-day or full-day services
Family child care homes
Children's own homes, where a staff person visits once a week to provide services to the child and families A 2011 report by the Department of Health and Human Services found that:
•Head Start had a “positive impact” on children’s experience through the preschool years.
•After first grade, there were no significant social-emotional impacts for the group of 4-year-olds, and mixed results on measures of shyness, social withdrawal, and problematic student-teacher interactions. • From CNN Money: “Come March 1, Head Start (an $8 billion program) stands to lose more than $400 million of its nationwide funding. For 20 toddlers hoping to enroll in pre-kindergarten programs run by Kids Central in southwest Virginia, it means no preschool. It also means that one teacher, two teaching aides, one bus driver, and one cook will lose their jobs.” Facing Budget Cuts Mission Statement "Head Start promotes school preparation by enhancing the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of education, health, nutrition, social and other services." Studies have found favorable long-term effects on grade repetition, special education, and high school graduation rates for Head Start children. Head Start children are significantly more likely to complete high school and attend college than their siblings who did not attend Head Start Parents who participate in Head Start are found to have a higher quality of life; increased confidence in coping skills; and decreased feelings of depression, anxiety, and sickness Children are significantly less likely to have been charged with a crime than their siblings who did not participate in Head Start. Conclusion The Head Start program is not only beneficial to students of poverty, but also their parents. Head Start has changed early childhood education by providing these services to children. Children are shown the appropriate support and praise as well as given the materials to become successful now and in the future. Sources Head Start. Retrieved from: http://www.naeyc.org/policy/federal/headstart
About the Program: Effective Practices, Bredekamp
Mission Statement. Retrieved from: http://www.nhsa.org/about_nhsa/mission_statement Research Bites Retrieved from http://www.nhsa.org/research/research_bites
What do children learn at Tri-County Head Start? Retrieved from http://www.tricountyhs.org/whatdochildrenlearn.html
Video: Hanging in the Balance: A Head Start for Low-Income Kids. Youtube. Retrieved from: /watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=DuxwXv0bpnk Taylor Meredith