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Film Language & Elements of Style

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by

Christa Vicknair

on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of Film Language & Elements of Style

Film Language &
Elements of Style

What affects how a person
interprets the moving image?
Camera Angles
Cinematography
Composition of a shot
Camera distance
Camera angle
Lighting
Placement of a shot in a sequence
Four Elements of Composition
1. Arrangement of people & objects within the frame
2. Camera distances & angles
3. Lighting: high-key or low-key
4. Movement, either of the camera or the subject within the frame
Camera Distances
Close Up Shot:
Entire or portion of face in shot
used for specific meaningful purpose
Composition
Language communicated through the use of: light & shadow, colors, movement, camera distance & angles
arrangement of elements contributing to the picture
together to create meaning
Shots & Scenes have:
"point of emphasis": important object/person; audience is to notice
Medium Shot:
subject usually waist up
Long Shot:
range from Extreme (environment) to Medium (knee to head)
"establishing shot" = setting
usually subject small compared to surroundings
Low-Angle Shot:
looks up at subject
can make subject seem large or impressive
Eye-Level Shot:
looks at subject at approximately the same level as the subject
neutral
Cinematographer's Job
Tell people where to look & what the filmmaker wants the audience to see
Reaction Shot:
•Shows a character’s emotional response
Montage:
•Sequence of shots arranged so as to suggest meaning & symbolic associations
Rear Projection:
•Film-making technique done by projecting a background onto a screen
; think green screen
-Distance of subject from camera
Extreme Close Up:
isolates specific detail(s)
signifies importance
Shot:
segment of film produced by a single uninterrupted running of the camera
think a picture
Scene:
series of shots joined to communicate unified action taking place at one time & place
static in paintings (unchanging)
dynamic in film (changes)
Filmmaker:
must understand what makes good composition
Angle of the camera to the subject
Rule of Thirds:
Guide for composition; Renaissance
divide the camera frame into 3 squares across by 3 squares down
position your photo subjects in relation to those lines
High-Angle Shot:
camera looks down at subject from above
may appear small, weak, or unimportant
Specialty Shots
Point of View (POV):
perspective of subject
any distance/angle

Over the Shoulder (OTS):
3rd person perspective
any distance/angle
All Together Now!
Full transcript