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Latino rights llessoplntitle
Transcript of Latino rights llessoplntitle
1904 The U.S. establishes the first border patrol as a way to keep Asian laborers from entering the country by way of Mexico. 1910 The Mexican Revolution forces Mexicans to cross the border into the United States. They were looking for protection and jobs. 1911 El Primer Congreso Mexicanista The first large convention of Mexicans to organize against social injustice This organization meets in Texas. www.mexicanistas.page.tl/YO-SOY-MEXICANISTA.htm The Mexicanista Symbol 1912 New Mexico enters the union as an officially bilingual state, authorizing funds for voting in both Spanish and English, as well as for bilingual education. 1914 Ludlow Massacre More than 50 people are killed, mostly Mexican Americans, including 11 children and three women. After the attack 1917 When Americans left to wars, Factories started to need more workers. Latinos from the Southwest begin moving north in large numbers for the first time. Jobs machinists
printing press workers
steel mill workers. The U.S. Congress passes the Jones Act.
This Act granted citizenship to Puerto Ricans under U.S. military rule. 1921 Orden Hijos de América (Order of the Sons of America) This organisation got Latino workers to raise awareness of civil rights issues and fight for fair wages, education and housing. www.nettlecreek.k12.in.us/ www.charlesandhudson.com/archives/tips/2008/05/
www.ecu.edu/financial_serv/ The Immigration Act of 1921 Agricultural businesses successfully oppose efforts to limit the immigration of Mexicans. 1927 Confederación de Uniones Obreras Mexicanas (Federation of Mexican Workers Union-CUOM) This becomes the first large-scale effort to organize and consolidate Mexican workers. 1929 Some of the Latino organizations came together to form
the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC). www.mexican-workers.com/ The group fights against discrimination and segregation andgives education to Latinos. It's the largest and longest-lasting Latino civil rights group in the country. 1933 El Monte Strike was held to protest the declining wage rate for strawberry pickers.
This was the biggest strike at that time in history. The strike was successful and got the wage rate to go up. 1941
By this time Latinos could not hide from discrimination and were too many complains from all the workers. So the U.S. government forms the Fair Employment Practices Committee to handle cases of employment discrimination.
Owened by :Polux 020978 www.jillstanek.com/archives/2007/05/ simplearts.com/blogs/?p=776 Owened by: Anthony K. The library of congress Owened by: eyethis www.managementpro.nl/.../no-discrimination/ 1942 Bracero Program This program allows Mexicans to temporarily eork in the U.S. United States growers support it because they can pay mexican workers less than what they would pay someone alse. Millions of Mexican Workers are welcome to come and work. www.american.edu/TED/bracero.htm 1945 Hundreds of thousands of Latinos served in the armed forces
during World War II. Latino veterans return and try to gain some right in the country they defended. They use their G.I. benefits for personal advancement like... College educations
Buying homes www.american.edu/TED/bracero.htm www.unionofyouth.org/archive/2008/01 www.roseandwomble.com/Selling/ 1946 The Bracero Program ends. reference.findtarget.com/search/bracero/ . Many Latinos had to go back to their country. Others got lucky and got to stay and keep working. 1953-1958 Many U.S. citizens are deported unfairly just because of the way they look. "Operation Wetback" During this operation, the U.S. Immigration Service arrest and deports more than 3.8 million Latin Americans. http://www.historycooperative.org/cgi-bin/justtop.cgi?act=justtop&url=http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/whq/37.4/hernandez.html 1965 Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta found the United Farm Workers association http://smu.edu/chaplain/Cooper2006.asp It becomes the largest and the most important farm worker union in the nation. Huerta becomes the first woman to lead such a union. Under their leadership, a strike started by Filipino grape pickers. The Grape Boycott becomes one of the most significant social justice movements for farm workers in the United States. www.pbs.org/itvs/fightfields/cesarchavez1.html objectofhistory.org lalibertadylaley.wordpress.com/2008/04/03/ 1968 Latino high school student walkout protesting unequal
treatment by the school district.
Latino students were routinely punished for speaking Spanish on school property.
Not allowed to use the bathroom during lunch.
They were discouraged from going to college. During the protest 13 students got arrested. However, the walkouts eventually result in school reform and an increased college enrollment among Latino youth. The Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund opens its doors, becoming the first legal fund to pursue protection of the civil rights of Mexican Americans. 197o The U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare says that students cannot be denied access to educational programs because they do not speak English. 1974 Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974 This act was passed by Congrss and it allows bilingual education more widely available in public schools. The first major Latino voter registration organization.
Registering more than two million Latino voters in the first 20 years. lauramartinez.wordpress.com/2008/11/03/ 1975 U.S. Voting Rights Act This act got expanded to require language assistance at polling stations. This happened after several non- English speakers admitted about the discrimination they had to handdle when they went voting. 1986 Congress approves the Immigration Reform and Control Act. It gave legalization to certain undocumented workers. This made it illigal for employers to hire workers without documentation. NO DOCUMENTS NO JOB! 1994-1945 Proposition 187 This proposition debated over immigration, specially undocumented immigration. students across the state started a campaign in opposition. Voters approve the measure preventing undocumented immigrants from obtaining public services like education and health care. http://www.zazzle.com/no_health_care_for_illegals_bumper_sticker-128145934112622365 1997 A U.S. District Court judge overturns Prop 187, ruling it unconstitutional. 1999 The Immigration Law Enforcement Monitoring Project coordinates
nationwide activities on Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead. Public displays of crosses, representing those who died crossing the border. 2001 After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the rising of fear over "border security," some politicians call for building a wall between the United States and Mexico. During the next five years, Latino immigrants face so much discrimination and bias. www.livingontheborder.com/blog/2009/03/ http://www.laprogressive.com/2008/05/16/the-madness-of-king-george/ 2003 Latinos are pronounced the nation's largest minority group Latino population at 37.1 million. The number is expected to triple by the year 2050. www.williambowles.info/.../gi_4e3_030506.html 2004 The Minuteman Project begins to organize anti-immigrant activists at the U.S./Mexico border. They considers themselfs some kind of a citizen's border patrol.
2006 immigrants start to protest in cities and towns across the country in support of immigrant rights and to protest about undocumented workers that do not get jobs. High school students also get out of school to go out and be heard. * On May 1, hundreds of thousands of Latino immigrants and others participate in the Day Without Immigrants, boycotting work, school and shopping, to symbolize the important contributions immigrants make to the American economy. Owened by: jvoves 2006 is no the end of the Latinos' struggles.
They are still going to be fighting for their rights and never give up.
"Most of the important things in the world have been accomplished by people who have kept on trying when there seemed to be no hope at all."
~ Dale Carnegie