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WHAP Ch. 5 - Decline of Classical Civilizations

Decline of Classical Civilizations
by

John Behnke

on 16 May 2016

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Transcript of WHAP Ch. 5 - Decline of Classical Civilizations

Ch. 5 Decline of Classical Civilizations Expansion
Core values
Unite?
China
Med.
India Core Basic Themes Core Integration
Challenges? Cohesion?
Rome
China
India CORE Periphery Border Independent Africa – By 1000BCE Upper Nile
Defeated by Axum, then Ethiopia
Trade network
Farming southern Sahara Border Africa, Japan, Europe, Asia Independent Americas, Pacific Kush PERIPHERY CORE Japan – By 200CE Migrations
Tribal
Iron-working
Shintoism
400CE: Regional ruler Border Border PERIPHERY CORE Border Trade
Herding
Invaders Central Asia PERIPHERY CORE Most backward
Lagged
Regional kingdoms
Only Latin language
Primitive ag
Christianity unites ~1000CE Northern Europe Border Independent Olmec
More advanced
Art, science, religion
Foundation for Maya
~ Sumerians
Incas in S. America Central America – 800-400BCE Fiji, Hawaii
Travelers, explorers
Adapted Polynesian People – 1000BCE Independent Cycle of Decline Change Change Troubles Progress, Excitement Apathy, Weakness Stability, Strength HUNS 200-600 CE
Invasions Decline China Rome India Internal problems Population
&
Prosperity Corruption
Confucianism
Local power
Taxes = unrest
Disunity Han Dynasty CIVIL WAR Yellow Turbans Revolted against Emperor
Daoist practices Paved way for Han failure Han = Rome ~300 years Politically ineffective
Invasions
Disease CHAOS Sui and Tang
Confucianism
Why? Revival - 618CE Less drastic
Integrated invaders
Sm. states w/ rajput


Threat from Islam India - ~5th cen. Buddhism Hinduism Symptoms: Decline and Fall in Rome Population Apathy, Weakness Causes:
Weak
Plagues
Morals
Creativity Trade
declines Farmers work for landlords Economic survival difficult Life = Dangerous Course of Decline Imperial
rule Reforms West East Diocletian


Constantine
Christianity unified Weak No common traditions
Barbarians
Last emperor out in 476 Western fall Western Byzantine Constantinople
Greek culture
Justinian – 6th c. CE
Compiled law
Lost territory Byzantine Empire Plagues
Instability
Focus for life
Syncretism Why turn to religion? 3Ss Spread across Asia, altered
Monks convert people
Two groups
Theravada
Mahayana
boddhisatva Buddhism Equality of souls
Syncretic
Popular in China

Grew with Daoism Buddhism Offered salvation
Saints
Organized, structured
Conversion Christianity + Buddhism Monotheistic
Started as sect of Judaism
Self-sacrifice
Afterlife
Persecuted Christianity Jesus = Messiah
Trinity
Salvation
Apostles, papa
Monasticism Beliefs Solace (3Ss)
Missionaries
Local adjustments
Salvation for all Why Christianity? World religions
Multi-cutural
Islam on horizon
Last major religion
polytheism World of 500 CE Global View
Full transcript