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CRIME

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by

Jessica Medlin

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of CRIME

CRIME
An act against the public good
Felony
Burglary
breaking and entering of a dwelling house with the intent to commit a felony
Shoplifting
Murder
The unlawful killing of another human being
with
malice aforethought.
Kidnapping
Chapter 3-
Criminal Law

Plaintiff
the party that accuses a person of a crime.
*In criminal cases, almost always the plaintiff is the state.
Defendant
the person being accused
Prosecutor
the government attorney who presents the case in court against the person being accused
Misdemeanor
a major crime punishable by imprisonment or death
*Murder *Manslaughter *Burglary *Robbery *Arson
A less serious crime with a less severe penalty
Fine or brief imprisonment
in a county or city jail.
*Driving an automobile w/o license
*Lying about age to get alcohol
*Leaving the scene of car accident
Criminal Law in the American System
State Criminal Law
Federal Criminal Law
Each state government has inherent police powers
These powers allow it to make statutes to protect public health, safety, welfare, and morals.
State laws closely resemble each other
Definitions and penalties for crimes differ
Federal government has no police power.
Ability to make criminal statutes only in area over which they have jurisdiction.
Federal government does have a criminal code and several national police agencies
FBI
DEA
Federal Criminal Law Terms
Treason-the crime of betraying one's country
Double Jeopardy-the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense
(Defined in Constitution)
(5th Amendment)
Crime Classifications
Elements of a Crime
A crime is defined by
2
elem
ents: the
criminal act
and the
required state of mind
.
Criminal Act
*Criminal statutes specifically explain conduct that is forbidden.
Required State of Mind
Intent
*A person's state of mind can completely change what they are charged with
Motive
*Motive plays
no
part in proving criminal liability.
Casey Anthony's motives
Defenses to Crimes
Insanity
Entrapment
Self-Defense
*People cannot be held responsible for their actions if they do not know what they're doing.
Tests
*M'Naughten Rule
*American Law Institute (ALI)
*Law officer makes a law-abiding citizen commit a crime.
*A person claiming self defense must have tried to retreat before resorting to force.
If a person is attacked in their own home, they do not have to retreat before defending themselves.
Defense of
Family Members
*Most states will not punish someone for using force to rescue a family member
from an attack.
Name some misdemeanors
Name some felonies
Particular Crimes
Crimes can be categorized under 3 headlines...

1. Crimes against people
2. Crimes against property
3. Crimes against business
Can you name some of each?
Assault and Battery
Battery-

the unlawful touching of another person
Hate Crimes

Using certain symbols, writings, pictures, or spoken words to cause fear or anger in people because of their
race, religion, color, or gender.
Violence that occurs at home.
Manslaughter
the unlawful killing of another human being
without
malice aforethought.
(The killer had evil intent)
First Degree
Murder
(Aggravated Murder)
Generally involves:

*Premeditation
*Killing in a cruel way (torture)
*Killing while committing a crime
if none of these apply
* The distinction between 1st and 2nd degree murder is important because in some states those found guilty of 1st degree murder are subject to the
death penalty.

Voluntary
*One person
intends
to kill another but does so suddenly and as the result of great personal distress.
Involuntary
*One person, while committing an unlawful or reckless act,
unintentionally
kills another.
Assault-
an attempt to commit battery.
*Involves force (gun, knife, hand)
Other Examples:
*Poisoning someone
*Spitting in someone's face
*Commanding a dog attack on an unsuspected victim
* Kissing someone who does not want to be kissed!
Case Research
1. You and a partner will be researching a case about your assigned crime classification.
2. Once you two find your case, type an overview/summary of your case including the answers to these questions.
*What crime was committed?
*Where did the crime take place?
*What was the punishment?
*Who was the plaintiff?
*Who was the defendant?
* Which legal system?
3. Print out your summary and be ready to share what your case was all about!
Misdemeanors
Felonies
Thefts
Burglaries
Motor vehicle thefts
Aggravated assaults
Forcible rapes
Murder
Robberies
In the time it took for us to have class...
Why does the crime rate remain so steady despite the efforts of our law enforcement officials and the criminal court system?
Amanda Knox
BELL RINGER
Sam & Megan
Taylor & Nikki
James & Brock
Abby & Christina
Tom & Jordan
Tanner & Austin
Mitch & Yabets
Mack & Collin
Brooklyn & Bailey
Parker & Erin
Isabelle & Matt E.
Josh & Austin
Courtney & Perla
Cameron & Matt M.
Nick & Kevin
4th Hour
The unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will
*Often the victim is forced to be a captive for ransom, terrorism, or to commit a felony.
Domestic
Violence
*Children are protected by child endangerment laws

*Law also protects married individuals from being abused by their spouse.
Estimated number of domestic violence incidents per year
960,000
The percentage of those reported to police
25%
*Legislature can pass a statute outlawing language or symbols designed to create fear or outrage regardless of the content of that speech.
CRIMES AGAINST PEOPLE
CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY
*States have expanded and specified this definition
Burglary Definition
Knowingly and without authority entering into or remaining with any:

a) Building, manufactured home, mobile home, tent or other structure which is a dwelling, with intent to commit a felony, theft or sexual battery therein;

b)building, manufactured home, mobile home, tent or other structure which is not a dwelling, with intent to commit a felony, theft or sexual battery therein; or

c)motor vehicle, aircraft, watercraft, railroad car or other means of conveyance of persons or property, with intent to commit a felony, theft or sexual battery therein.
Larceny
The unlawful taking and carrying away of personal property of someone else with the intent to deprive the owner of their property
(STEALING)
Classified as petty or grand, it depends on the amount of money taken
Embezzlement
The wrongful taking of another person's property by a person who has been entrusted with that property.
Robbery
The wrongful taking of another person's property through
violence or threats.
This is how police find their pool of suspects
The crime would not have been committed without the involvement of the officer.
Stand Your Ground Law
Doesn't require you to retreat in the face of deadly force or threatening your safety.
Chapter 3 Schedule
Today: Finished 3.1
2/18: Start 3.2
2/19 & 2/20:
*Finish 3.2
*Assign Crime Presentation
*Review for TEST
2/21: CHAPTER 3 TEST
2/24: Work on presentations
2/25: Work on presentations
2/26: PRESENT
2/27: PRESENT


Understanding
Legal
Concepts
Use your book and notes to answer the
last 3 questions on your worksheet.
This will be your exit slip!
Get out your 3.2 Notes we started Tuesday and grab a book!
You may log onto your computers.
Second Degree
Murder
Arson
Willful and malicious burning of a dwelling home
*Some states have added buildings to their definition.
Vandalism
Willfully or maliciously damaging property
*The person doing the damage isn't the only that can get into trouble.
The act of stealing goods from a store.
*The severity of punishment depends on the amount of good stolen


Motor Vehicle Violations
*A license to drive is a privilege not a right.
* Drag racing
Crimes Involving
Controlled Substances
Alcohol

* Selling and buying underage
*Most commonly used drug in the United States
Drugs
*Selling vs. buying
*Possession, distribution, or sale of certain drugs may violate state, federal, or both.
Computer Crimes
*Federal Government has made statutes directly related to computer crime.

-Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
*Specifically targets hackers

-National Information Infrastructure Act of 1996
*Outlaws exchanging money to ensure a computer system crash.
EXIT SLIP
Pretend you get to sit down with a Kansas police officer and discuss areas of criminal law that you are interested in. The officer has time for you to ask
3
questions. What specific question would you want to ask the officer?
Write your 3 questions down on a separate piece of paper.
Put your first and last name at the top!
Sex Offenses
*Sexual Assault
*Rape
*Offenders are often times not strangers to the victim.
*Emotional and psychological trauma
CHAPTER 3 REVIEW
*The Law Review
Questions #5-13

*Let's Debate
Questions #16-18

*Analyzing Real Cases
Question #24
FROM THE BOOK (pg. 75)
ONLINE
www.ubpl.glencoe.com
*Chapter 3 Self-Check Quiz
Email results to me at:
jmedlinonw@olatheschools.org

Type and Print answers!
Famous Crime/Criminal Project
Work Days:
Today(20th)
Monday(24th)
Tuesday(25th)
PRESENTING ON THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27th
*Who is held liable?
*Some states have created the crime of computer trespass.
1. Get out your Guided Notes (
3
sheets)
2. Staple them together and write your
first name, last name, and hour
on top.
3. Have them ready to turn in at the bell.
4. Clear off your area
-Put phones, books, extra notes away!
TEST TIME!
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