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Transcript of CRIME
An act against the public good
breaking and entering of a dwelling house with the intent to commit a felony
The unlawful killing of another human being
the party that accuses a person of a crime.
*In criminal cases, almost always the plaintiff is the state.
the person being accused
the government attorney who presents the case in court against the person being accused
a major crime punishable by imprisonment or death
*Murder *Manslaughter *Burglary *Robbery *Arson
A less serious crime with a less severe penalty
Fine or brief imprisonment
in a county or city jail.
*Driving an automobile w/o license
*Lying about age to get alcohol
*Leaving the scene of car accident
Criminal Law in the American System
State Criminal Law
Federal Criminal Law
Each state government has inherent police powers
These powers allow it to make statutes to protect public health, safety, welfare, and morals.
State laws closely resemble each other
Definitions and penalties for crimes differ
Federal government has no police power.
Ability to make criminal statutes only in area over which they have jurisdiction.
Federal government does have a criminal code and several national police agencies
Federal Criminal Law Terms
Treason-the crime of betraying one's country
Double Jeopardy-the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense
(Defined in Constitution)
Elements of a Crime
A crime is defined by
required state of mind
*Criminal statutes specifically explain conduct that is forbidden.
Required State of Mind
*A person's state of mind can completely change what they are charged with
part in proving criminal liability.
Casey Anthony's motives
Defenses to Crimes
*People cannot be held responsible for their actions if they do not know what they're doing.
*American Law Institute (ALI)
*Law officer makes a law-abiding citizen commit a crime.
*A person claiming self defense must have tried to retreat before resorting to force.
If a person is attacked in their own home, they do not have to retreat before defending themselves.
*Most states will not punish someone for using force to rescue a family member
from an attack.
Name some misdemeanors
Name some felonies
Crimes can be categorized under 3 headlines...
1. Crimes against people
2. Crimes against property
3. Crimes against business
Can you name some of each?
Assault and Battery
the unlawful touching of another person
Using certain symbols, writings, pictures, or spoken words to cause fear or anger in people because of their
race, religion, color, or gender.
Violence that occurs at home.
the unlawful killing of another human being
(The killer had evil intent)
*Killing in a cruel way (torture)
*Killing while committing a crime
if none of these apply
* The distinction between 1st and 2nd degree murder is important because in some states those found guilty of 1st degree murder are subject to the
to kill another but does so suddenly and as the result of great personal distress.
*One person, while committing an unlawful or reckless act,
an attempt to commit battery.
*Involves force (gun, knife, hand)
*Spitting in someone's face
*Commanding a dog attack on an unsuspected victim
* Kissing someone who does not want to be kissed!
1. You and a partner will be researching a case about your assigned crime classification.
2. Once you two find your case, type an overview/summary of your case including the answers to these questions.
*What crime was committed?
*Where did the crime take place?
*What was the punishment?
*Who was the plaintiff?
*Who was the defendant?
* Which legal system?
3. Print out your summary and be ready to share what your case was all about!
Motor vehicle thefts
In the time it took for us to have class...
Why does the crime rate remain so steady despite the efforts of our law enforcement officials and the criminal court system?
Sam & Megan
Taylor & Nikki
James & Brock
Abby & Christina
Tom & Jordan
Tanner & Austin
Mitch & Yabets
Mack & Collin
Brooklyn & Bailey
Parker & Erin
Isabelle & Matt E.
Josh & Austin
Courtney & Perla
Cameron & Matt M.
Nick & Kevin
The unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will
*Often the victim is forced to be a captive for ransom, terrorism, or to commit a felony.
*Children are protected by child endangerment laws
*Law also protects married individuals from being abused by their spouse.
Estimated number of domestic violence incidents per year
The percentage of those reported to police
*Legislature can pass a statute outlawing language or symbols designed to create fear or outrage regardless of the content of that speech.
CRIMES AGAINST PEOPLE
CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY
*States have expanded and specified this definition
Knowingly and without authority entering into or remaining with any:
a) Building, manufactured home, mobile home, tent or other structure which is a dwelling, with intent to commit a felony, theft or sexual battery therein;
b)building, manufactured home, mobile home, tent or other structure which is not a dwelling, with intent to commit a felony, theft or sexual battery therein; or
c)motor vehicle, aircraft, watercraft, railroad car or other means of conveyance of persons or property, with intent to commit a felony, theft or sexual battery therein.
The unlawful taking and carrying away of personal property of someone else with the intent to deprive the owner of their property
Classified as petty or grand, it depends on the amount of money taken
The wrongful taking of another person's property by a person who has been entrusted with that property.
The wrongful taking of another person's property through
violence or threats.
This is how police find their pool of suspects
The crime would not have been committed without the involvement of the officer.
Stand Your Ground Law
Doesn't require you to retreat in the face of deadly force or threatening your safety.
Chapter 3 Schedule
Today: Finished 3.1
2/18: Start 3.2
2/19 & 2/20:
*Assign Crime Presentation
*Review for TEST
2/21: CHAPTER 3 TEST
2/24: Work on presentations
2/25: Work on presentations
Use your book and notes to answer the
last 3 questions on your worksheet.
This will be your exit slip!
Get out your 3.2 Notes we started Tuesday and grab a book!
You may log onto your computers.
Willful and malicious burning of a dwelling home
*Some states have added buildings to their definition.
Willfully or maliciously damaging property
*The person doing the damage isn't the only that can get into trouble.
The act of stealing goods from a store.
*The severity of punishment depends on the amount of good stolen
Motor Vehicle Violations
*A license to drive is a privilege not a right.
* Drag racing
* Selling and buying underage
*Most commonly used drug in the United States
*Selling vs. buying
*Possession, distribution, or sale of certain drugs may violate state, federal, or both.
*Federal Government has made statutes directly related to computer crime.
-Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
*Specifically targets hackers
-National Information Infrastructure Act of 1996
*Outlaws exchanging money to ensure a computer system crash.
Pretend you get to sit down with a Kansas police officer and discuss areas of criminal law that you are interested in. The officer has time for you to ask
questions. What specific question would you want to ask the officer?
Write your 3 questions down on a separate piece of paper.
Put your first and last name at the top!
*Offenders are often times not strangers to the victim.
*Emotional and psychological trauma
CHAPTER 3 REVIEW
*The Law Review
*Analyzing Real Cases
FROM THE BOOK (pg. 75)
*Chapter 3 Self-Check Quiz
Email results to me at:
Type and Print answers!
Famous Crime/Criminal Project
PRESENTING ON THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27th
*Who is held liable?
*Some states have created the crime of computer trespass.
1. Get out your Guided Notes (
2. Staple them together and write your
first name, last name, and hour
3. Have them ready to turn in at the bell.
4. Clear off your area
-Put phones, books, extra notes away!