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Transcript of Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda was born July 12, 1904, Parral, Chile. His parents, Rosa Baloalto and José del Carmen Reyes Morales originally named him Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. He later created the pen name Pablo Neruda after a Czech poet named Jan Neruda.
When Pablo Neruda was thirteen, he published his first work. It was an essay called Entusiasmo y perseverancia. Neruda wrote the essay without using his pen name, signing it off as Neftalí Reyes. It was then published in the local newspaper. The first work of many.
Neruda studied French at Universidad de Chile with the intention of being a teacher, but soon decided that he preferred poetry. In 1933 he became a Chilean Consul in Argentina. This lead to other diplomatic posts in Buenos Aires, Barcelona, Madrid, and others
While in Argentina as the Chilean Consul, Pablo Neruda met a man named Manuel Altolaguirre In 1935, they partnered together to created a well renounced literary review called called Caballo verde para la poesía.
Throughout his life, Pablo Neruda had three wives, Maryka Antonieta Hagenaar Vogelzang, Delia del Carril, and Matilde Urrutia. His first two marriages ended in divorce, but his last marriage lasted until his death in 1973.
In 1945, Pablo Neruda was elected to the Senate of the Chilean Government and joined the communist party. Soon, however, the Chilean Government declared communism illegal and expelled Neruda and his colleagues from the Senate. He then went in to hiding.
In 1970, Neruda was nominated as a candidate for the Chilean presidency. He chose not to run, however, and instead gave his support to another communist candidate, who later won the election in 1970.
In 1971, Neruda was awarded the Nobel prize for literature, for his poetry. It was a hard win, as there were some grudges still held by those who presented his award for Pablo's communist views.
Nobel Prize Literature
Pablo was serving as an a ambassador to France when he was diagnosed with Cancer. Upon hearing this news, he resigned from this position, ending his political career. On September 23, 1973, Pablo Neruda died of Leukemia.
On July 15, 1945, Neruda came out of hiding to speak in front of a crowd of almost 100,000 supporters of the communist leader Luis Carlos Prestes. These people had gathered in a Peruvian stadium to share their support and hear Pablo Neruda read his poems.