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Austin Solomon

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Timeline-Ceramics

10,000-7000 BC CERAMICS TIMELINE Earliest pottery making industy developes in middle East. Before 6500 BC 4000 BC 2700 BC Jomon Pottery Its name is derived from the "cord markings" that characterize the ceramics made during this time. Originated in Japan Some of the earliest examples of pottery come from the Middle East, the region where agriculture first develops. Mesopotamia is the cradle of society. Clay tablets begin to be used for records and lists in Mesopotamia. This is how the old testament was written! Dolni Vetonice in Czecholslovakia, where Upper Palaeolithic huts have been dated to 23,000 BC and whose associated flint industry is Eastern Gravettian, comes the fired-clay Venus figurine. Used to record the earliest writings of mankind. Mesopotamia is believed to be the birthplace of modern civilization, with the great city of Ur founded around 4,000 B.C. by the people of Sumer, a "providence" of Mesopotamia. Styles of vessels and palettes change. Faience, a glazed ceramic material, appears for the first time, largely in the form of beads. Some members of Naqada II society seem to have access to greater wealth, allowing them to construct more elaborate tombs with richer contents. 2600 BC The Banshan Phase A narrower range of pottery shapes and designs. Its large earthenware pots and urns often have designs in black and maroon-red paint on their shoulders. This use of two colors is a chief distinction between Banshan and Majiayao painted pottery. 2600 BC - 1500BC China developed urbanization and metalurgy independently and both took off around 1500 BC during the Shang dynasty. About the same time, China came into contact with the Indo-Aryan groups that had spread from Southern Russia, to Iran and through Central Asia to the Tarim Baisn by around 2000 BC
200 - 600 AD terracotta clay figures which were made for ritual use and buried with the dead as funerary objects during the Kofun period of the history of Japan. During the latter part of the 3rd century AD, these sculptures started to appear on top of the imperial grave mounds in the Kinai region. During this time more elaborate haniwa would appear along with earthenware bowls 618 – 906 AD Chinese potters working under the T'ang Dynasty discovered that if you used a special kind of clay to make your pottery, it would have special qualities. The Chinese potters didn't know it yet, but what made this clay special was that it had a lot of kaolin in it. In addition, the Chinese potters fired this clay at very high temperatures, so hot that some of the clay melted and became like glass, shiny and translucent 300 – 980 AD Central Mexican inspiration! 800 – 1400 AD
Caddo pottery; Caddo potters fashioned two types of vessels--coarse ware, with thick, unadorned walls, to store food and water; and fine ware, with thin, decorated walls, to serve food and use in rituals. 1575 – 1804 The history of soft-paste porcelain dates back to early attempts by European potters to replicate Chinese porcelain at a time when its composition was little understood and its constituent materials were not widely available in the West. T he earliest formulations were mixtures of clay and ground-up glass. Soapstone and lime are also known to have been included in some compositions. 1644 – 1912 The Ch'ing period (1644–1912) designed porcelain especially for export often utilizing Western designs. 1850-1910 Arts and Crafts was an international design movement that flourished between 1860 and 1910, especially in the second half of that period, continuing its influence until the 1930s. It Kayla, Paige, Caitlyn, Austin, Cameron 6000 BC People first started making pottery out of clay around 6000 BC, near the beginning of the Neolithic period. They may have begun to make pottery as a way of storing grain safely when they started farming. Probably they had always known how, but just hadn't done it much, the same as planting seeds. In the beginning, pottery was made by just pushing a hole into a ball of clay, or by making a long snake of clay and coiling it up into a pot shape. Many early pots, meant to be used once and thrown away, are nothing more than a large lump of clay that someone socked their fist into, the way you might sock your fist into a catcher's mitt. These were just lightly fired in a fire of dry weeds. The coiled kind of pot was often fired in a hotter fire, probably by being put in an open campfire or bonfire. 3000 BC By around 3000 BC, at the beginning of the Bronze Age, people had begun to use the slow potter's wheel. This is a little platform made of wood that you build the pot on; you can turn it around so that instead of having to walk around your pot you can sit still and turn the pot around. This is a scupture of a man using a fast wheel. 2000 BC the slow wheel had been almost entirely replaced in Europe and Asia by the fast wheel, which is also a platform, but one which spins on an axle, like a top.
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