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Learning

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by

Sam Hariri

on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of Learning

Critical Reflection
Influenced By John Dewey
Cognitive Development
Theory Developed By Jean Piaget
Constructivism
Theory Developed By Lev Vygotsky
Metacognition
Theory Developed By John Flavell
Research Topic
Lateral Thinking
Theory Developed By Edward DeBono
What is a Cadetship? ... And how is it Relevant?
Cadets in an industry build up their knowledge by following the Kolb learning cycle. They construct their knowledge by gaining experience on a daily basis while also being able to think laterally in terms of solving a critical problem. They will learn to be able to critically reflect on their strategies they used in solving problems.
Teaching
Teaching is described as the process of transferring knowledge and skill that has been previously attained by past experiences.
(Collins, 2009)

It is the undertaking of certain tasks or activities with the intention to cause learning.Teaching facilitates an individual's learning experience through the use of different methods and perspectives.

Three main categories that assist in teaching;
1.Learning objectives
2.Assessments
3.Instructional activities

Learning
Learning is not the result of development, but rather learning is development (Fosnet, 2005)
Learning is a process of acquiring new knowledge or modifying existing knowledge. The knowledge can be behaviours, skills, values, or preferences. It may involve combining different types of information (Wikipedia,2015)
Decision Making for Construction Professionals
"Personally, I'm always ready to learn (Learning), although I do not always like being taught (Teaching)."
Sir Winston Churchill

Critical Reflection reviews the consequences of a specific event or experience, being positive or negative.(Mezirow, 1990)
Cognitive Development is the ability to improve in thinking skills. As an individual grows in age, while also being able to adapt to changing circumstances. (Phillip, 2001)(Flavell and Miller, 1993)(Bruning,2011)
Piaget’s theory consists of four essential human development stages.
Sensorimotor
Preoperational
Concrete Operational
Formal Operational
4 key words:
Schema
Adapt
Assimilating
Accommodate
Lateral thinking is the solving of problems through an indirect and creative approach. (De, Bono, 1982)(Wikipedia, 2015)
De bono divides the concept into two categories. However, stresses that they are both complementary to each other
Active Learner V.S. Passive Learner
Constructivism is the ability to construct and add new knowledge to previous understanding due to experiencing different things in life. (Fosnet, 2005)
Knowledge is individually and socially constructed based on how they interpret experiences in this world. (Mayo, 2010)
Broken Into Two Categories
Cognitive Constructivism
Individual
Build up of own knowledge
Social Constructivism
Community based
Build up of knowledge with community interactions
Metacognition is a characteristic of constructivism. This is due to knowledge being developed as a result of ageing (Baby - Adult), past experiences and skills (Garrison, 2000).
Metacognition is the way an individual learns to make proper decisions for a Specific problem using mental strategies.
How to solve a specific problem effectively (Schraw and Norby, 2011)
Vertical Thinking
Lateral thinking
Traditional
Data is Supplied
Basic
Creative
Will find more than one solution
Better and More Effective
Not immediately obvious
Dewey's Cycle of Reflection
Cadetships: Boundaries
Research Topic
Research Topic
Cadetships: Assumptions
• We intend to use third and fourth year students that are currently in the construction industry. Such as
- Engineers
-Construction managers
-Architects

• We will be collecting primary data with the use of surveys.
• We will be aiming our search on mainly students who have studied full time prior to their cadetship in order to be able to answer our topic question

What is Teaching?
“ Does being on site during tertiary study help in ones learning ability?”
A cadetship is the opportunity for the individual to take part in an enriching and practical learning experience while studying (South Australia-Human Resources, 2013).
This is mainly by being employed to work in the area of expertise and interest, having a supervisor to provide training and set of skills related to the job. It also includes learning the theory and background information which is essential and specifically related to the job.
Assumption made regarding the research topic Cadet ships is that it is relevant to the research part of the thesis. This is due to the fact that the five key concepts of learning will be evident while an individual is doing a cadet ship.
Gain day- to - day experiences allowing them to construct knowledge.
(Wilderdom, 2010)
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