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Transcript of Civil War
The South liked the Kansas-Nebraska Act because it meant they could send Missourians to Kansas to give slavery more votes. The North didn't think it was fair because the Missouri Compromise says Kansas should automatically be a free state for being over the line.
Stephen Douglas was born in Vermont in 1813. He wrote the Kansas-Nebraska act. In 1958, he was one of the four candidates to run for president representing the
Democratic party. He
lost and Lincoln
Douglas died in 1861
Settlers moved to Kansas for its cheap land. Kansas was using popular sovereignty to vote for or against slaves. Some Missourians crossed the border in order to illegally add extra pro-slavery votes. These people were called Border Ruffians. In 1856, many of them took over Lawrence, Kansas. A man named John Brown was an abolitionists, and he wanted revenge. He, his four sons, and two other men traveled to Lawrence where they dragged five men out of bed and murdered them on the spot. 200 more people ended up being killed. People called it "Bleeding Kansas". In the end, Kansas ended up being a free state.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was written in January of 1954 by Stephen Douglas. He decided that the Nebraska Territory should be split into two parts. They were Nebraska and Kansas. One would go to the North and one to the South. Then people would use popular sovereignty in each territory to decide whether its a free or slave state.
By Anne Marie wilmer and Emily Taylor
In 1859, John Brown thought of a plan to bring his followers to Harper's Ferry, Virginia. There, they would invade a weapon arsenal, in hopes to start a slave revolt. Unfortunately, not enough slaves came, since it was hard for them to escape. Robert E. Lee brought *his* troops to Harper's Ferry and captured Brown upon arrival. For his actions in Bleeding Kansas, John Brown was convicted for murder and treason. He was sentenced to death by hanging.
The North thought John Brown was a hero for risking his life for what he believed in. However, the South thought the North wanted to destroy slavery *and* the South to some extent. Either way, both sides thought he was completely crazy.
The South liked that they could try to rig the popular sovereignty, but did not like the John Brown was killing their people. The North was glad that Kansas became a free state despite the
cheating that the
John Brown was born in Torrington, Connecticut. He believed very strongly in abolishing slavery. This is shown as he started Bleeding Kansas, and later attempted a slave revolt in Harper's Ferry. There, Robert E. Lee captured Brown. He was sentenced to dead and was hanged on December 2, 1859.
Robert E. Lee was born in 1807 in Virginia. There, he was the head of the armed forces. During the end Civil War, he became the general-in-chief of the Confederacy. After the war, he went back home and spoke little of politics. Lee eventually became the president of Washington College in Virginia. He died years later in October of 1870.
Violence in the Senate
Charles Sumner was a senator from Massachusetts. He often criticized the South. In a speech he made, he denounced the amount of proslavery in Kansas. Sumner also singled out his fellow senator, Andrew Butler. Butler's nephew, Preston Brooks heard about it and got very mad. Charles Sumner only had a feather pen when Brooks attacked him in the senate. He beat Sumner with a heavy cane until he was bloody and unconcious.
The North used what happened as a way to claim that slavery led to violence. Southerners thought Charles Sumner got what he deserved, and showed support to Butler and Brooks by sending them many, many canes.
Charles Sumner was born in 1811 in Boston. He became a senator in 1852. He was very much against slavery, as he called out Andrew Butler even though he was for the most part innocent. Sumner also crated the first anti slavery legislation in 1866. After the Civil War, he joined the Republicans who felt that the South shoul be punished. Sumner died in 1874 in D.C.