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World War 1: Canada's Role

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Matthew Buttrum

on 20 May 2011

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Transcript of World War 1: Canada's Role

World War 1: Canada's
Contributions and Role This Prezi will answer several questions about [WW1] and Canada's contributions to [WW1] Let's go... Q1 What were the major causes of World War 1? Why was Canada involved in this war? hi matt The First World War started in Southern Europe between Serbia and Austria-Hungary during the early 20th century. Around this time there were two alliances going. The Triple Entente or “allies” were made up of Great Brittan, Russia and France while the Triple Alliance or Central Powers was made up of countries such as Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy. Somewhere around then a group was formed in Serbia that called themselves The Black Hand that thought all Serbians living in Bosnia (under Austrian control) should live in Serbia. So they told Austria-Hungary to give them Bosnia, who then refused letting Bosnia break away from its empire. On 28 June 1914 Serbia assassin Gavrulo Princip killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife whilst on a parade around Sarajevo, which set off a chain of events from then on. Austria declared war on Serbia who then asked for help from Russia. Soon France got its armies ready to help Russia when Germany started to get threatened by the two massive armies starting to move around it, declared war on Russia and France. Germany attacked France by going through Belgium (neutral but friendly with Brittan). Brittan the declared war on Germany for attacking Belgium. Canada, being part of the British Empire was therefore immediately involved in the conflict as well. Q2 Why was trench warfare such a horrible thing during WW1? There are several reasons why trench warfare was so awful in World War 1.
Here are some of the reasons why: Q3 What contributions did The Canadian forces make in the major battles of The Great War? Canada made some incredible contributions to some amazing battles throughout the Great War: Q4 What role did Canadians play in air warfare
during World War 1 Canada had a huge role in air warfare during WW1. At the time, Canada did not have its own air force and so pilots from Canada had to join the British Royal Flying Corps when they wanted to become a pilot. As the war turned out, many of the best BRFC’s best pilots were actually turned up to be Canadian.

One Canadian pilot named Roy Brown was possibly a huge turning character in the war. Actually shot the down the elusive Red Baron. This Red Baron alone was the single handed best pilot in the war shooting down more the 80 allied planes. That’s over 1/3 of the allied’s planes at one point. Without Roy Brown the Baron may not have been shot down so soon and would have continued shooting down planes and taking over the skies.

Another huge turning figure in air warfare in WW1 was Billy Bishop. Billy Bishop was born and grew up in Canada. When he was young Billy used to shoot target in the forest with his rifle. This soon made him an excellent marksman. It didn’t take him long either to get the hang of it either. On Bishop’s first day as a pilot he already shot down a German plane and in a one 5 day period, Billy had shot down 13 German planes. He later went on to get the Victoria Cross in Brittan and the highest honours in France. Later he was recruited to be Director of Recruiting for the Royal Canadian Air Force. Q5 How did Canada participte in the war at sea? Q6 What were some of the many technoligical advancements during The Great War? Q7 How did normal Canadians participate in the war effort? Q8 How did WW1 permantly change conditions
for women? Q9 What were the major effects of World War 1 on Canada? The Great War greatly impacted Canada in countless ways from women’s right to independency. Women before the war were given very little rights. During and after the war however many were considered equal to men. They even earned the right to vote in the following years, something they had not been allowed and denied many times before.

World War 1 also affected Canada economically. Before the war, Canada was in debt $463 million and by 1918 that debt had risen (or sunk depending on how you look at it) to a ginourmous $2.46 billion. So forth because of this debt the income tax was introduced to Canada to try and raise money. Originally Income tax was going to be temporary but as we know today it was never removed from the Canadian system.

Another great impact of The War was the loss of men and lives. 60661 Canadians alone lost their lives and hundreds of thousands of others were injured or gassed. Many people were also being excluded and denied, they were labelled “enemy aliens”. Over 500,000 Germans and Austrians who were promised land and a new beginning were now losing rights and having their businesses, their homes and anything else under the possession, being vandalised continuously.

On the good points here Canada after the war had a huge growth in Canadian agriculture and industry. Steel and munitions grew drastically over the years and the production of field crops grew by 163%. During the war everyone wanted to help out and if they could get a job then they would work. Also another great improvement from the war was Canada was now a more independent country from Brittan. Canadians no longer shared their spot at the World Peace Conference with Brittan but had their own spot. Before the war Brittan would have signed the peace treaty on behalf of Canada but now Canada signed for itself. Canada now had a new sense of itself as a nation. Q10 What were the contributions of war veterans to Canada and world peace? Veterans contribute to Canada and World Peace in many ways. They often will go around and tell stories of war and remembrance of other causalities in The War. This makes people think about the war and our soldiers. They get an idea on what it was like to live during the war. They may afterwards donate to the war cause. They fought for us and they show us the reasons why. We remember because of them. The trenches were always wet and muddy due to their depth in the ground (they were almost always below the local water table at sump level)
Disease spread quickly due to extremely unsanitary conditions and infestations with mice & rats
Soldiers often suffered from diseases such as trench foot, a rotting of the foot flesh around the toes, and trench mouth, a painful gum disease, as well as body lice, rat infestations, rotten food and "shell-shock", a nervous breakdown caused by the extreme stresses of war
Finally, trenches, in being so low into the ground, were extremely susceptible to gas attacks, since the heavy gasses would sink, and then collect in them During the Battle of Ypres (1915), Canadian Troops, under withering fire and attack from poison gas, held vital sections of trenches to win the battle for the British
In the Battle of the Somme(1916), Canadian troops were massacred as they charged towards the german trenches. 24000 Canadians were killed, but were recognized for their heroic efforts, and especially those from Newfoundland/Labrador, became known as "Storm-Troops" because of their relentless charges towards enemy positions
During the Battle of Vimy Ridge(1917), Canadian Troops launched a surprise attack on the German-held hill. They went against the standard laws of atack at the time, closely following the advancing artilley bombardment, rather than letting it stop then charge forward after days' bombardment. This surprise attack let the Canadians' take the hill in just a few hours, taking more prisoners, weapons, and ammunition then all of the previous battles in the war combined
Finally, in the horrible Battle of Passchendaele (late 1917), nearly 16000 Canadians died as a result of the battlefield, once under the North Sea, becoming a sea of mud when drainage ditches were destroyed by artillery. Passchendaele was the biggest, pointless, failiest massacre during WW1, gaining little ground, wait, mud (7 km of mud) that was soon won back by the Germans Canada made several large contributions to the war at sea during the First World War. The first of which was that in being one of Great Britains' colonies, Canada was a large supplier of both sailors and ships for the Royal Navy. Throughout the war, several Canadian shipyards pumped out more than 550 different anti-submarine ships of various designs and sizes, most of them headed right to the Royal Navy, or to convoy escort in the North Atlantic. Thousands of Canadians fought with or in the Royal Navy or Royal NavyCanadian Volunteer Reserve during WW1. Since there were many tech. advancements during the Great War, I will list only some, and split them into two catagories: New Inventions (created during the war); and Developments of an Existing Item (invented before start of WW1, developed during war period) New Inventions Development of an Existing Item Poison gas/ Gas Warfare
The Hydrophone/ Sonar
The Fighter Plane and Bomber Biplane
Submarine Warfare
The Tank
The aireal "dogfight" The machine gun
The submarine
The Biplane
Airship/ Zepplin
Bombs (conventional, not atomic)
Trench Warfare/ Trench tactics
The Convoy System If normal Candadians were not fighting in [WW1] or manufacturing goods for [WW1] then they might be caught doing one of the following things:
Buying War/ Victory Bonds; a kind of loan that workers would give to the government to help pay for the war. Having one or more of these bonds at the end of the war, the person could then cash it/them for a profit
Canadian Businesses would end up loaning over $1 billion to the Canadian Governement. Thses loans would be paid back with intrest after the war ended
And if you were a child, you could buy "Thrift Stamps" for $0.25 apiece, and put them on a special card. when the child had collected $4.00 worth of stamps, they could exchange them for 1 "War Savings Stamp", then cash that for $5.00 in 1924
But if you weren't doing any of those above things, than you might just be living your life, doing normal things that would have to be done with or without the war. World War 1 defiantly changed conditions for women for many reason. It gave them equal rights of men and let them vote. Once the war started many, if not most men went to war and could no longer work their normal jobs. Therefore women had to replace the men and work in the jobs that were deemed unfit for women before hand. Later after the war, a woman, by the name of Nellie McClung, declared women should get the right to vote. This idea was backed up by the recent efforts made by women working during the war in normal jobs. At first in 1917 the Wartimes Elections Act took effect giving the right to vote to mothers, sisters and wives of men in the war. By 1920 the Dominion Elections Act was created giving all women over 21 the right to vote and run for election in parliament. By Ashton and Matt Gavrulo Princip Canadian troops advance behind a Mark 4 tank at Vimy Ridge Canadian troops are debreifed before battle at the Somme An artist's impression over Cpt. Roy Brown (closest) shooting down the Red Baron (center) The convoy system had proven its worth, and one is shown here leaving port The dreaded German 'Unterseeboote' (U-boat) was the biggest menace to Allied ships and convoys, sinking more tonnage than all other methods combined Gas attack! British Mk 5 Male Tank British Sopwith Camel Biplane Vickers Machine Gun Women assembling shells in a war factory
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