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How to write a short story

Creators: Soledad Bustos - Paula Naish - Noelia Ochoa - Pablo Teti
by

Pau Naish

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of How to write a short story

http://www.wikihow.com/Write-a-Short-Story
www.teacherjoe.us
www.english-at-home.com
http://www.saberingles.com.ar Sources Send your revised and edited story off to a trusted friend or relative for revisions, edits, and suggestions. Let your reviewers know that you want to hear their real opinions of the story. Give them time to read it and think about it, and give them a copy that they can write on. Make sure you consider everything that your reviewers tell you—not just the parts you would like to hear. Thank your reviewers for reading your story, and don’t argue with them. 14 ) Get some second opinions After you've chosen an idea, you need to remember the basics of a short story before writing one. Steps to a good short story are:
Introduction (Introduces characters, setting, time,weather, etc.)
Initiating Action (The point of a story that starts the rising action)
Rising Action (Events leading up to the climax/turning point)
Climax (The most intense point of the story/the turning point of the story)
Falling Action (your story begins to conclude)
Resolution/Conclusion (a satisfying ending to the story in which the central conflict is resolved - or not -) You don't have to write your short story in order. If you have an idea for a great conclusion, write it down. Move backward or forward from your starting idea (it may or may not be the beginning of the story), and ask “What happens next?” or “What happened before this?” 3)Begin with the basic structure Now you must know that a Town Mouse once upon a time went on a visit to his cousin in the country. He was rough and ready, this cousin, but he loved his town friend and made him heartily welcome. Beans and bacon, cheese and bread, were all he had to offer, but he offered them freely.

The Town Mouse rather turned up his long nose at this country fare, and said: "I cannot understand, Cousin, how you can put up with such poor food as this, but of course you cannot expect anything better in the country; come you with me and I will show you how to live. When you have been in town a week you will wonder how you could ever havestood a country life."

No sooner said than done: the two mice set off for the town and arrived at the Town Mouse's residence late at night. "You will want some refreshment after our long journey," said the polite Town Mouse, and took his friend into the grand dining-room. There they found the remains of a fine feast, and soon the two mice were eating up jellies and cakes and all that was nice.

Suddenly they heard growling and barking. "What is that?" said the Country Mouse. "It is only the dogs of the house," answered the other. "Only!" said the Country Mouse. "I do not like that music at my dinner." Just at that moment the door flew open, in came two huge mastiffs, and the two mice had to scamper down and run off. "Good-bye, Cousin," said the Country Mouse, "What! going so soon?" said the other. "Yes," he replied;

"Better beans and bacon in peace than cakes and ale in fear." Example: When you’ve finished the story, go back through it and correct mechanical mistakes, as well as logical and semantic errors. In general, make sure the story flows and the characters and their problems are introduced and resolved appropriately.

If you have time, put the completed story down for a few days or weeks before editing. Distancing yourself from the story in this way will help you see it more clearly when you pick it back up. 13 ) Revise and edit As you write your story, you may want to turn your plot in a different direction than you had planned, or you may want to substantially change or remove a character. Listen to your characters if they tell you to do something different, and don’t worry about scrapping your plans altogether if you can make a better story as you go. 12 ) Let the story "write itself". Try to use a wide range of words to make your story more interesting. Remember that you can "exaggerate" when you tell a story, so instead of using words like "nice" or "bad", experiment with more interesting words, such as "beautiful", "fabulous", "wonderful", "horrible", "awful" or "terrible". 11) Vocabulary 10) Use of tenses We can use a variety of tenses to tell stories and anecdotes. Jokes are often in the present tense.we generally use past forms to talk about past events. If you tell your story in chronological order, you can use the past simple.
Use the past continuous to describe activities in progress at the time of the story, or to describe the background.
Sometimes, you might want to avoid telling your story as one chronological event after the other. You can use the past perfect (simple and continuous) to add more interest to your story by talking about events that happened before the events in your story Use these words to link your ideas for the listener. Linking words can be used to show reason, result, contrasting information, additional information, and to summarise. 9 ) And linking words too
These words show the chronological sequence of events:

First of all, at first, secondly, previously, before that, after that, afterwards, soon after that, then
later (on), suddenly, all of a sudden, unexpectedly, but before all that, it was a lovely/horrible night, it was a sunny morning, it was a wonderful spring morning, at the end, finally. 8) Use sequencing words Depending on how thoroughly you’ve sketched out your plot and characters, the actual writing process may simply be one of choosing the right words.

Generally, however, writing is arduous. You probably won’t know your characters and plot as well as you thought but it doesn’t matter. Outlines are not the same as stories, and actually writing a story is the only way to complete one. 7) Start writing After you have prepared the basic elements of your story, it can be helpful to do out a time-line in some way to help you decide what should happen when.

You can draw or write a visual with very simple descriptions of what should happen in each of the stages (Intro/Climax/Conclusion, etc).

Having this done will help you keep focused when writing the story, and you can easily make changes to it, so that you are able to keep a steady flow as you write the full story. 6) Organize your thoughts. There are three main points of view from which to tell a story: first-person (“I”), second-person (“you”), and third-person (“he” or “she”).

In a first-person narrative, a character tells the story; in the second-person the reader is made a character in the story; and in the third-person, an outside narrator tells the story. (Second-person narration is rarely used.)

Keep in mind that first-person narrators can only tell what they know (which will be limited to what they see firsthand or are told by others), while third-person narrators can either know everything and explore every character’s thoughts, or be limited to only that which can be observed. 5) Decide who will tell the story A novel can occur over millions of years and include a multitude of subplots, a variety of locations, and an army of supporting characters.

The main events of a short story should occur in a relatively short period of time (days or even minutes), and you typically won’t be able to develop effectively more than one plot, two or three main characters, and one setting. 4) Limit the breadth of your story.  Notice the style and how they have used the small amount of words to their advantage.

Choose authors that you enjoy, choose some of the “classics,” as examples and if you can, find some well known authors.
Pay attention to how the authors develop their characters, write dialogues, and structure their plots 1) Read good short stories Some people think they never tell stories, but that is not true.

Any time we talk about an action or an event, it is a story. If you describe a book you have read, or a movie that you have seen, that is a story too.

If a friend asks you about what you did yesterday or last week, you will have to tell a story. Give enough information so that the listener can "picture", or imagine, the people and place clearly in his or her mind. Describe the main action that happened at that time or in that movie.
Be sure to end with the main point of the story. This is what listeners, will remember. Your story should be quite short. Try to keep it grammatically simple as well, so that it is easy to follow. Tell who is involved in the situation or event (or movie or book) and where it happens. 2) First of all… How to write
a short story Creators:

Soledad Bustos Paula Naish Noelia Ochoa Pablo Teti Here we give you some
useful steps to follow... Thanks for watching and
good luck!
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