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TOK animal testing presentation
Transcript of TOK animal testing presentation
Non-human Primates (Monkeys)
Guinea Pigs and Hamsters
Mice and Rats
Farm Animals: Pigs, Cows, Sheep, and Goats
Sources of animals
Types of Animal Testing
Draize Eye Testing
Repeated Dose Toxicity
Skin Corrosive/ Irritation
Pharmacokinetics/ Toxicokinetics and Metabolism
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Life saving contributions
Short life cycles
Cruel and inhumane
Different from humans
Drugs passed not safe
95% not protected
More expensive/ Waste of money
"The time will come when men such as I will look upon the murder of animals as they now look on the murder of men."
- Leonardo da Vinci
"The question is not "can they reason?" nor, "can they talk?" but "can they suffer?"" - Jeremy Bentham
USA Federal Regulations
Animal Welfare Act (AWA)
Institutional Animal Care and Committee Use (IACUC)
National Institute of Health's Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
Would it be considered ethical to experiment and potentially harm one species for the betterment of another?
Lethal Dose (LD50)
Fixed Dose Procedure (FDP)
Acute Toxic Class (ACT)
Up-and-Down Procedure (UDP)
To what extent does the progression of society override commonly understood ethics or morals?
1. Do you personally believe animal testing is morally correct?
2. Do you personally believe animal testing is necessary?
3. On average how many animals are tested per year?
A) 4.2 billion
B) 13.7 million
C) 19.5 million
Is there a difference in the moral justification of harm done through action rather than omission?
Animal-Based Safety Tests Gone Wrong
Oraflex, Opren (Benoxaprofen)
Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid)
“Auschwitz begins whenever someone looks at a slaughterhouse and thinks: they’re only animals.”
-Theodor W. Adorno
Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods
Testing on two different species
Controlled by legislation
Animals Act of 1986
Three home office licenses
Case Study: Britches a Macaque Monkey
Sensory substitution devices for the blind
Animal Liberation Front
National Institutes of Health